Unit 1 Study Guide
Unit 1 Study Guide 80486 - PSYC 2010 - 003
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80486 - PSYC 2010 - 003
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexa Rosenfeld on Monday September 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 80486 - PSYC 2010 - 003 at Clemson University taught by Edwin G Brainerd in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 129 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 09/14/15
9142015 Dr Brainerd Unit 1 Study Guide Knowledge Check List Unit One Chapter One The Evolution of Psychology 0 Definition of psychology page 2 0 The role of Wilhelm Wundt in founding psychology page 4 0 The intellectual parents of psychology and What each contributed philosophy and physiology pages 34 0 Recognize examples of the five things that make psychology scientific notes 0 Empirical O Repeatable O Combines Observations into Theories 0 Has Scientific Goals 0 Uses Scientific Methods 0 Know the basic areas or schools of psychology including structuralism functionalism behaviorism psychoanalytic humanistic cognitive biological evolutionary Table on page 11 and Pages 56 0 the basic views or premises 0 the subject matter 0 the names of the major figures associated O The professional psychological specialties and the type of research or job that each carries out Page 13 0 The following academicresearch areas of psychology pages 2122 I Social I Developmental I Experimental I Educational I Health I Physiological I Cognitive 9142015 Dr Brainerd Unit 1 Study Guide I Personality I Psychometrics 0 The following applied areas of psychology page 23 I Clinical I Clinical Neuropsychology I Counseling I Education School I IndustrialOrganizational I Forensic Psychology 0 Differences and similarities between a clinical psychologist and a psychiatrist Page 22 0 Seven Unifying Themes Pages 2328 0 Information in the Personal Application about Improving Academic Performance Pages 2933 0 Material in the Critical Thinking Application Pages 3435 0 Practice Test Questions Page 36 Chapter 2 The Research Enterprise in Psychology 0 The Scientific Goals Pages 4041 amp Notes 0 Measurement and Description 0 Explanation and Prediction 0 Application and Control 0 Define and recognize examples of the 5 steps in scientific investigation Pages 4144 0 Understand the experimental method Pages 4549 0 Know and recognize examples of I Experimental Group I Control Group I Random Assignment of Subjects I Independent Variable I Dependent Variable 9142015 Dr Brainerd Unit 1 Study Guide I Extraneous Variables O Summarize and explain the advantages and disadvantages of experimental research Page 50 0 Recognize examples of the Descriptive or Correlational Methods of data collection Pages 5155 0 Naturalistic Studies 0 Case Studies 0 Survey Methods I Questionnaires I Interviews 0 How to interpret the results of correlational studies Page 56 0 Recognize and interpret both positive and negative correlations Page 57 amp Notes 0 Realize that correlational data doesn t tell you about the cause of a relationship and Why it can t Foot size and Intelligence Pages 5859 0 The importance of physical attractiveness in human interactions 0 Functions of and recognize examples of I Descriptive Statistics Pages 5658 0 Measures of Central Tendency 0 Mean 0 Median 0 Mode 0 Variability Page 56 0 Standard Deviation I Inferential Statistics Pages 5859 0 Statistical Significance 0 Explain and recognize the factors that can lead to misinterpretation of experimental data Pages 6063 I Replication I Metaanalysis 9142015 O O 0 Dr Brainerd Unit 1 Study Guide I Major differences between the experimental group and control group I Extraneous and confounding variables I Experimenter bias I Subject bias I Sampling bias I Placebo effects I Distortion of selfreports Personal Application Finding and Reading Journal Articles Pages 7 073 Critical Thinking Application Pages 7 475 Practice Questions Page 76 Chapter 3 The Biological Basis of Behavior The function of the neuron Pages 8081 Recognize and explain the function of the parts of a neuron Pages 8081 amp Notes 0 O O O Dendrite Cell body or soma Axon Terminal buttons Function and importance of the myelin sheath Pages 8182 Function and importance of glia cells Pages 8182 Function of the Synapse Pages 8384 The effects of postsynaptic potentials of both an excitatory and inhibitory nature Pages 8384 Understand and describe the major events in the four electrical stages of neurotransmission Pages 8283 amp Notes 0000 Resting potential Action potential Absolute Refractory Period Relative Refractory Period 9142015 Dr Brainerd Unit 1 Study Guide All or None Law Page 83 Describe the major events in the five chemical stages of neurotransmission Table on Page 85 amp Notes Synthesis amp Storage Release Binding Inactivation Reuptake OOOOO Know the function of following neurotransmitters Table on Page 86 amp Pages 8589 I Acetylcholine I Dopamine I Norepinephrine I Serotonin I GABA I Glutamate I Endorphins 0 Some chemicals can serve as agonists or antagonists to neurotransmitters Page 87 I Ways in Which the chemical aspects of neurotransmission may be disrupted and their effect Notes I The names components and function of the various divisions of the human nervous system Pages 9092 0 Central Nervous System brain and spinal cord Notes 0 Peripheral Nervous System everything else Notes I Somatic Nervous System Page 90 amp Notes I Autonomic Nervous System Pages 9091 amp Notes I Parasympathetic Nervous System I Sympathetic Nervous System 0 Fight or Flight Response 9142015 Dr Brainerd Unit 1 Study Guide I 3 functions of the spinal cord Pages 9192 0 Carries sensory input to brain 0 Carries motor commands from brain to muscles 0 Mediates spinal re exes pulling hand away from hot stove burner 0 Know the Research Methods used to look inside the brain Pages 9296 0 The organization location and function of the following structures of the human brain Pages 9899 amp NOTES I Hindbrain or Brainstem 0 Medulla 0 Pons I Cerebellum I Reticular Formation I Midbrain I Reticular Formation I Forebrain 0 Old Structures 0 Thalamus Page 100 0 Limbic System Page 100 I Hypothalamus Page 100 I Hippocampus Page 100 I Amygdala Page 100 I Septal Area Page 101 I New Structures 0 Cerebrum Page 101 I Frontal Lobe Page 103 I Parietal Lobe Page 101 I Temporal Lobe Page 101 9142015 Dr Brainerd Unit 1 Study Guide I Occipital Lobe Page 101 O primitive brain structures Page 104405 amp NOTES 0 Differing functions of the left and right hemisphere of the human brain Pages 105 108 amp Notes 0 The Endocrine System amp its functions Pages 108110 0 Know the following terms I Hormones Page 108 I Pituitary Gland Page 109 I Gonadotrophins Pages 109110 I Oxytocin Page 109 I Basic nature of genetic transmission Pages 110111 amp Notes 0 Define and recognize examples of the following terms Chromosome Pages 110111 Genes Page 111 DNA Page 111 Zygote Page 111 Homozygous Condition Page 111 Heterozygous Condition Page 111 Recessive Gene Page 112 Dominant Gene Pages 111112 Genotype Page 112 Phenotype Page 112 Family Twin and Adoptive Studies Pages 11314 Genetic Mapping Pages 114115 Polygenetic Inheritance Page 115 0000000000000 0 Understand how family studies twin studies and adoption studies are used to determine the heritability of certain traits and behaviors Also understand the interplay between heredity and the environment Pages 113115 I Recognize examples of the evolutionary basis of behavior Pages 116119 I Define and recognize examples of following evolutionary terminology 9142015 Dr Brainerd Unit 1 Study Guide 0 Fitness Page 117 0 Natural Selection Page 117 0 Adaptation Page 118 0 Inclusive Fitness 0 Personal Application Pages 121123 0 Practice Questions Page 126 Chapter 5 Variations in Consciousness 0 Circadian Rhythm Page 186 0 Effect of disrupting or altering circadian rhythm Pages 186188 0 Brainwave patterns behaviors and general characteristics of the five stages of sleep Pages 189191 0 Nightly pattern of sleep Pages 192194 0 Effect of sleep deprivation complete partial amp selective on human emotions thoughts and behaviors Pages 195200 0 Define and recognize examples of the following sleep disorders Insomnia Page 198 Sleep Apnea Page 200 Narcolepsy Night Terrors Page 200 Somnambulism Page 201 00000 0 3 theories of dreaming summarized Page 205 0 Hypnosis susceptibility and hypnotic phenomenon Page 205207 0 Theory of hypnosis and the altered state of consciousness theory Page 207 208 0 Know the material on Altering Consciousness With Drugs including NOTES 0 Abused drugs and their effect Page 212 9142015 Dr Brainerd 0 Factors in uencing drug effects Page 212 O Mechanisms of Drug Interaction Pages 213214 0 Drug Dependence Page 215 0 Drugs and Health Pages 215218 0 Personal Application Pages 220221 0 Practice Questions Page 226 Unit 1 Study Guide
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