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Geology 105 Study Guide

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by: Tonisha Hurd

Geology 105 Study Guide Geol 105-010

Marketplace > University of Delaware > Geology > Geol 105-010 > Geology 105 Study Guide
Tonisha Hurd

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About this Document

This covers topics to know for exam
Geological Hazards and Their Human Impact
Kohut,Edward John
Study Guide
Science, Geology
50 ?




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1 review
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"Killer notes! I'm stoked I can finally just pay attention in class!!!"
Emery Willms

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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tonisha Hurd on Monday March 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Geol 105-010 at University of Delaware taught by Kohut,Edward John in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 322 views. For similar materials see Geological Hazards and Their Human Impact in Geology at University of Delaware.


Reviews for Geology 105 Study Guide

Star Star Star Star Star

Killer notes! I'm stoked I can finally just pay attention in class!!!

-Emery Willms


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Date Created: 03/07/16
Study Guide What to review  ­Definitions of hazard, disaster, catastrophe, risk  –Geological processes as Energy and Earth Materials interacting to cause change  ­Relationship between hazards and population, why more disasters are becoming  catastrophes  ­ The frequency magnitude relationship  ­Concept of Mitigation  ­Concepts of forecasting and prediction (covered in text) know the differences Earth  Materials  ­Most common elements in crust  ­Definition of minerals; important families of minerals (silicates, carbonates and clays)  and their significance  ­Definition of rocks; three families of rocks  •Igneous •Sedimentary •metamorphic  Structure of the Earth  ­Earth’s compositional layers  •Core, mantle and crust Oceanic and continental crust  ­Earth’s physical layers  •Lithosphere and asthenosphere ­Internal Energy of the Earth  ­Sources of Heat in the Earth Plate Tectonics ­ Definition, significance  ­ Relationship between plate tectonics and structure of the earth  ­ Driving forces  ­ Types of plate boundaries  ­ Hotspots, what they are, how they differ from plate tectonics.  Earthquakes  •what is a fault  •meaning of strike and dip and hanging wall and footwall  ­ Characteristics of normal, thrust/reverse and strike­slip faults  ­ How faults generate earthquakes through the Elastic Rebound Mechanism  ­ Types and characteristics of seismic waves: •Body waves (P and S) •Surface waves  ­ What are the Focus and Epicenter?  ­ How seismic waves are used to locate quakes  ­ Magnitude: •what is it? •how is it measured? •how do magnitude scales work?  ­ Effects of quakes  •Ground motion •Ground motion amplification •Liquefaction •Fires ­ Intensity:  •how it is measured •Mercalli scale •Importance of isoseismal maps  ­ Mitigation  •Seismic engineering and retrofitting •Planning, education, hazard mapping  ­ Forecasting and Prediction  ­2010 Haitian Earthquake Tsunami  ­ Definition and causes  ­ How quakes generate tsunami  ­ Difference between tsunami and wind waves ­ Tsunamis and Hilo, Hawaii  ­ Warning systems and limitations  ­2011 Tohoku quake and tsunami Volcanoes  ­ The three magma types and their characteristics  ­ Silica and its significance  ­ The three melting processes, how they relate to magma type and tectonic setting  – Eruptive products  • Lava •Pyroclasts: scoria, pumice, ash • Ash fall • Pyroclastic flows • Lahars • Debris  Flows  ­ VEI  ­ Eruptions types, characteristics, relation to magma types  • Hawaiian • Strombolian •Vulcanian • Plinian ­ Volcano types, how they relate to types  of magma and eruptions 


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