Exam One Study Guide
Exam One Study Guide HI 1063
Popular in Early US History
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Grey Garris on Monday September 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Andrew Lang in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 595 views. For similar materials see Early US History in History at Mississippi State University.
Reviews for Exam One Study Guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/14/15
HI 1063 Early US History with Dr Evan Kaplan Exam One Study Guide 91815 Lecture 1 The Settlement of Virginia Introduction Virginia and the American Tradition Summary A 1607 first American settlement by the English Jamestown colony B Virginia would eventually become one of the most if not the most powerful of the american colonies C Founded for the sole purpose of profit D KEY QUESTIONS 1 Why was Virginia founded 2 Did the Jamestown colonv succeed or fail at its primarv purpose 3 How do we see the principles of liberty arise as well as slaverv ll Private Enterprise Capitalism Private Companies for profit A Elizabeth I 1558 1603 1 Queen of England Fascinated by the Western world itself and English interests in it Gave charters to businesses that wished to make money off of the New World B Sir Walter Raleigh 1 One of the first colonists of Virginia territory Ships landed in an area near North Carolina and named the land Virginia after the virgin queen Elizabeth 2 Created a colony that failed miserably due to poor conditions weather and illness The Lost Colony 15871590 disappeared and Sir Raleigh lost his entire fortune in the process C Joint Stock Company Modern Corporation 1 A group of investors that pooled their money with the idea that more money and more investors would increase a colony s chances of surviving 2 James I 16031625 a Successor to Elizabeth I Granted charters Rights of Exploration to two JSCs 1 Virginia Company of Plymouth settled Plymouth MA 2 Virginia Company of London a Settled Jamestown Planned to reinvest all profits into the company for 7 years before pulling profits as their own D Jamestown Colony 1607 1 Situated on the Chesapeake Bay Primary intention was to make money for the company via trade and natural resources Secondary intentions existed in that England would gain a foothold in the Americas 2 Problems a The governing body of the Jamestown colony The Royal Council remained in London They had no direct oversight of the colony s daytoday affairs b The colonists were largely hired hands that had no money in the game and as a result did not care too much about the success of the colony c Communication was extremely difficult and it was impossible to make changes to daytoday functions of the colony from across the Atlantic d Climate and landscape was drastically different from England Hot humid mosquitoes The ocean water and river water mixed together in the lake they used which caused salt poisoning which made the colonists sluggish e Relationships with the Native Americans were decent at first no actively antagonizing each other Eventually the relationship became hostile and the estimated 14000 Natives stood against the mere 200 or so colonists The sides tolerated one another at this point but both viewed the other as savage E Years of Survival 1 John Smith a After a year in the fledgling colony there was still no leadership that worked well and the colonists were failing to work for the common good John Smith rose up as the leader of the colony and began to get order into the situation He established a relative peace with the Native Americans and was able to get the colonists to work 2 The Starving Time a The winter of 1609 was the worst the colonists had ever seen in the colony or in England John Smith had returned to England due to severe injury and the settlement was left without leadership again At the beginning of the winter there were around 490 colonists By its end only 60 were left The remaining settlers then packed up and sat on the beach waiting for the next ship so they could return to England They declared Jamestown a failure b The ships that came however did not bring them back Instead they said that new colonists and positive changes were coming F Charter of 1609 1 Brought changes to the function of the Virginia Company of London and the Jamestown Colony itself 2 Reforms a Anyone who wished to invest in the company was allowed to do so 1 An element of self government was added this way b The Royal Council was now composed of members elected by the Stockholders for the sole purpose of getting the Jamestown colony to succeed c Jamestown was given a governor 1 Lord De La Warr Came with the new ships Jamestown s first governor was militaristic and harshly punished any who broke the laws Ex ordered a man tied to a tried and a stake drove through his tongue because the man stole food G Charter of 1612 1 Further amended the Charter of 1609 a Stockholders now met 4 times a year H Results of the Jamestown Colony 1 The Jamestown Colony was able to survive 2 The Virginia Company of London was failing miserably 3 England gained a foothold in the Americas lll Final Years of the London Company 16161624 A Reforms of 16161619 1 Final set of reforms to try and save the dying company 2 Had a great impact on American tradition 3 Headright System Any person who paid their own way to Jamestown would be granted 50 acres regardless of the fact that Natives might be living on the land by the divine right of the King 4 Diversified Economy The colony would now base its profit margin on multiple crops and resources instead of a single one of either 5 General Assembly A Bicameral legislature that oversaw the functioning of the Jamestown colony with the governor Composed of the Council wealthy elite landowners more powerful and the House of Burgesses elected common people s body less powerful the General Assembly laid the foundation for the design of the Congress B Discontent with the London Company 1 Though the reforms were effective and made Jamestown significantly better the London Company was failing too badly for it to be saved It had not run any sort of profit no one wanted it anymore and 1A of settlers were killed in a Native raid settlers became disillusioned by the reality of the world they were now in and the wealthy elite and Council members had bought all the good land which began the sharecropping system 2 Result a Due to all the above reasons the King revoked the charter of the Virginia Company of London officially dissolving the Company and repossessed the colony for the crown because he saw the value of the tobacco that had begun to be produced IV Virginia as a Royal Colony 1624 1776 A Continuation of Self Government was allowed by the King so the General Assembly and the Governor remained in their appointed positions Colony kept its right to operate its own daily affairs B Tobacco 1 The crop that made Virginia powerful Tobacco had such a huge demand on the global market and Virginia s soil was so well suited to growing it that it quickly became the backbone of Virginia s economic power 2 lndentured Servitude and the Rise of Slavery a Tobacco production required significant labor forces to cultivate it effectively Originally indentured servants individuals who were indebted to serve for a term of 57 years in order to pay off their debt were used Bacon s Rebellion changed that 1 Bacon s Rebellion a Virginia had become a settler magnet Many of these settlers became indebted to plantation owners and became so in debt that they were indentured for lifequot Dome who made it out of their debt realized that no land was available to them to have so by 1676 1A of all planters were actually landless The problem got worse when Governor Berkeley passed laws that aided the already wealthy and powerful landowners and made life harder for the indebted The poor moved westward in search of better opportunities but they were attacked by the Natives When they asked for aid Berkeley refused them so they turned to Bacon Bacon issued the demands of the settlers and condemned Berkeley s unfair laws and restrictions When this was ignored Bacon and his group stormed the plantations and nearly destroyed te entire colony This illustrated the power that the mobmentality would have as Berkeley conceded This however only allowed slavery to become even more prevalent b As Bacon s Rebellion essentially put an end to the use of indentured servitude plantation owners looked for new cheap labor Slavery was by far their best option and as such the use of slavery quickly became widespread and eventually intrinsic to the point that it laid the foundation for America to become the largest slaveholding empire in the world Lecture 2 Puritanism in New England Introduction A Puritans were a religious sect that argued that the Church of England was corrupt and did not go far enough in its teachings to be considered pure B Puritans settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a refuge from the religious persecution they felt at home 1 Intended to create a City On A Hillquot as a model to the rest of the world in how to live 2 It was a settlement in applied theology It was an attempt at making the Holy Placequot a reality C Key Questions 1 Was the birth of the Massachusetts Bav Colonv focused on religious libertv 2 Did the colony succeed or fail at its brimarv purpose ll Puritan Theology A John Winthrop 1 The human embodiment of Puritanismquot First person to cite the desire to create a City On A Hillquot First governor of the colony B Purpose of the colony was stated to be preceded by the idea that everyone else in the world but particularly the Church of England was doing something wrong religiously except for the Puritans themselves C John Calvin 1 A 16th century Protestant who was the father of all Puritan ideals Believed that all souls are born evil and condemned to hell except in the case that God has given a chosen few entry to heaven This concept became known as Predestination D Covenant of Grace and The Electquot 1 To be considered a soul destined to heaven individuals would present their Covenant of Grace a religious experience in which they realized their heaven bound destiny to a group of men who judged the authenticity of the claim and determined whether the person was lying or telling the truth and became one of The Electquot that God chose to keep in Heaven lll Puritan Opposition to the Church of England A Teachings and Episcopal Government 1 The Puritans viewed the hierarchical nature of the Church of England the Bishops and the King as wrong and unnecessary as there was no inbetween to reach God 2 Puritans believed that free will did not exist and that the Church of England was lying to its followers by telling them it did 3 Puritans did not agree with the ritualistic nature of the Church B Split in Puritans 1 The Puritans wanted to change the way religion was done but there rose three factions with different ideas on how to go about this change a Presbyterians largest portion of the Puritans Mostly conservative and wished only for minor changes such as the removal of the Bishops election of leaders from one s own church body and saw those who were not one of the Elect as okay b Separatists The faction that became the Pilgrims Broke from the Church in 1620 and founded the Plymouth colony Favored Congregationalism each group helped itself VI VII c Non Separatists The faction that founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony Did not want to break the Church of England just change it Believed they had the only right way of doing things Puritan Dilemma A The Puritans believed that there was only one way to God their way But breaking off from the Church would mean conceding that there were two ways to God Separation also would mean civil war against the King and the Puritans viewed government and religion as in a marriage so they wouldn t do that If they separated that would also mean they would have to tolerate other religions which they refused to believe in As a compromise they fled to the Massachusetts Bay Colony to start there The City On a Hillquot 1630 A The Puritans were granted the rights of exploration via the charter given to the Massachusetts Bay Company established in 1629 B Rule by The Elect Theocratic Government 1 The only people who were allowed to members of the Church were those who were among the Elect The government ran by allowing the male members of the Elect to vote established precedent for voting They established the General Court which was the legislative body of the government and was responsible for both making and enforcing the laws often religious in nature 2 Maintaining Religious uniformity was viewed as necessary to the system as any dissent would mean there was a flaw in the system itself Dissent was not tolerated in any way and was often punished severely a Roger Williams 1 A separatist that dissented extremely with the mainstream Puritans Sought to establish absolute purity tolerance and freedom of conscience He was very cynical about the Elect as he had no way of knowing who was and who wasn t Said Mass Bay was corrupted and needed to be restarted The General Court was in uproar over his ideas but not mad enough to do anything about it yet Then he said that the land they had settled was NOT theirs by right and that it rightfully belonged to the natives That was the final straw and the General Court banished him to Rhode Island a Religious Freedom he founded Providence in Rhode Island and established that the church and state should remain separate He also said that the government should protect all religions Weakening of the Puritan Experiment Due to more failures than successes the colony s charter was revoked in 1684 50 years after the colony was founded A Internal and External Influences 1 Coming of Age the second and third generation Puritans were not as fiery as their parents and that made having a theocracy harder as they were harder to control 2 Community Prosperity Massachusetts Bay was a huge economic win Shipbuilding resources etc were all extremely profitable 3 Change in England the Puritan s intention was to reform the Church of England but nothing had changed back home except a little more religious toleration 4 Salem in 1692 The Salem witch trials of course did not help anyone s view on the colony Significance of Puritanism A Four New England colonies had been established by the Puritans Rhode Island New Hampshire Connecticut and Massachussetts itself England empire was growing rapidly B Puritan Individualism and Democracy The nature of the colonists to be self reliant and their insistence on a democratic society was established C Religious Freedom Roger Williams established the precedent for religious freedom and the Separation of Church and State D Education Established Harvard University to train priests Puritans believed that education was a necessary part of life E Puritan Economic Effort formed the idea of contributing to the common success by doing everything you can F Tempering Excess The Puritans believed that all of life s pleasures should be enjoyed but not to excess Lecture 3 The Old Colonial System Introduction A The Colonial System is viewed as in effect from 1660 1763 B Key Questions 1 How was the English Empire formed 2 How did the Empire break down ll Idea of an English Empire A Charles II 1660 The Restoration 1 Between the 1640s and the 1660s back in England the monarchy had collapsed in a vicious civil war It resulted in Charles II being put on the throne He relaunched the colonization effort and began to define the relationship between the crown and the colonies B Second Wave of Colonies 1660 1690 1 Purposeful calculated system in which colonists were fully accepting of the King s rule but maintained their desire to govern themselves C Mercantilism 1 The entire purpose of the colonies was economic power Mercantilism established that every nation should have a favorable balance of trade value of a nation s exports exceeds the value of its imports England needed more money and the colonies had some of the most valuable products on the market so England used them as a proxy But in order to have control over the situation they had to regulate trade so they created the Navigation Acts a Navigation Acts 16601663 1 All goods imported or exported tofrom an English colony had to be on an English ship 2 Certain colonial products the most valuable ones were labelled enumerated articlesquot and were viewed as unique to the British Empire and were subject to a tax and any shipment of them had to first pass through London where the tax would be collected 3 Colonists are not allowed to directly import anything they must go through England b Problems of Enforcement 1 The Colonial Economy was completely separate and could survive on its own but was being made to pay for its own existence which made people mad The colonies reached levels of economic power that rivalled England itself and began to ignore these laws especially Massachusetts 2 New England Evasions more money could be made outside the system than from within it Colonists began to skip taxation and started smuggling goods They said that the laws interfered with business and were arbitrary anyway This was such a problem in Massachusetts that this was the reason their charter was revoked The Navigation Acts were the weakest aspects of the colonial system D Dominion of New England 1686 1 James II was put on the throned and he had no patience for the problems with the colonies He blamed the problems entirely on the colonies and tried to do a restart of the system He wiped out the idea of individual colonies and created the Dominion of New England and put Edmund Andres at its head a Andres was punishing and heavily enforced the new laws and regulations Demanded that colonists pay back taxes suppressed town meetings told Puritans that they must allow nonPuritans in their church pews he essentially took away many of the rights that the colonists had established themselves as having E The Glorious Revolution 1688 1 James II was overthrown and a third restart of the colonial system was enacted by William and Mary This restart actually just returned the colonial system back to what it was before James II was on the throne lll Reorganization of 1696 A Navigation Acts of 1696 England still wanted control over the situation but loosened their control some in order to maintain good relations with the colonies The Acts were revised and Writs of Assistancequot were established These were essentially search warrants and those found to be offenders of the law were tried before the British Royal Navy instead of other colonists B Additions to Colonial System 1696 1763 1 Prevention of Colonial Manufacturing a Woolens Act of 1699 and the Hat Act of 1732 2 Limited Imports of Foreign Products a Molasses Act of 1733 IV Salutary Neglect A Robert Walpole the first Prime Minister of England said that salutary neglectquot was necessary and that the current system was effective as is This neglect consisted of ignoring petty evasions and he stated that as the British were sloppy enforcers anyway they might as well live and let live V Colonial Effects A Economic 1 British became the single largest economic power in the global market The colonies themselves were profitable and increasingly powerful on their own B Government 1 There was relatively lowkey conflict between the Crown and the Colonists The colonies remained loyal to the King and were allowed to do their own thing 2 Colonial Assemblies vs Royal Authority a The seeds of democracy were set in the colonies C Summary The colonists established a bond with England and were allowed to maintain their own political power and selfgovernment Lecture 4 The American Revolution Colonial Relationship in 1763 A The relationship between the New England Colonies and England was still fairly wellfunctioning at this point despite its tense overtone The colonials still saw themselves as British citizens and were happy to obey for the most part In 1763 Parliament and the King had consolidated their power and were controlling but they were not yet oppressive ll Explaining the Revolution A Causes 1763 1775 Treaty of Paris 1762 At the end of the French and Indian War also called the Seven Years War England had final decisive victory over France but the victory was almost too complete England had spent so much in their efforts to win the war that they had run up an enormous debt for the time period and didn t see a way to pay for it with their current system Problems in New England 1 2 a Trade Regulations Colonists continued to evade the laws even trading with France out of their own selfinterest Eventually the Crown and Parliament realized just how much money they were losing to the illegal trade system the colonists had and tried to start enforcing the laws again but simply didn t have the manpower or resources to do so The West from the edges of the colonies to the Mississippi River there was new territory that had been given to England as a result of the War Englishman flooded into the area but did so without authorization from the crown and found that they did not have the protection they were used to England simply couldn t provide enough soldiers to protect all of them 1 Pontiac s Rebellion The Native Americans of the Midwest resisted Colonial expansion A man named Pontiac incited a native rebellion that extended from modern day Pittsburgh to Detroit an enormous area and killed huge numbers of settlers The colonists began wondering if the British simply weren t capable of protecting them 2 Proclamation Line As an attempt to stop settlers from continuing to settle the Midwest Parliament passed a law called the Proclamation Line which created an imaginary line on the backs of the established colonies from the north to the south The colonials simply ignored it as an antagonizing pointless and impossibletoenforce law Parliament had simply failed to grasp the scope of the colonists ambitions and the growth that was occurring within them Debts and Taxes Britain s debt was over 120 million pounds which was impossible to comprehend in the time period The native citizens of England were already taxed enough so the Crown and Parliament looked to the colonies to pay instead They viewed it as only fair since the war was fought on their behalf anyways 1 Revenue Act of 64 In order to deal with the debt crisis a group was sent to the colonies to determine how best to tax the colonies They found that customs collections was costly in and of itself So they passed the Revenue Act which taxed goods made within the colonies The colonials didn t care because this had already been established anyways This didn t help England so the passed the Stamp Act 2 Stamp Act of 65 This Act taxed anything in the colonies that was a paper product The colonists were in uproar over it in unprecedented ways they began to form mobs Massachusetts led the charge against the Act by creating the Stamp Act Congress This organization gathered a Declaration of Rights and was the first place that determined that there should be no taxation without representationquot British merchants were financially damaged England s finances were hit by resistance to d 3 4 5 1 the Act mobs were increasingly dangerous and powerful By passing the Stamp Act Parliament had caused a crisis that no one would have predicted In 66 the Stamp Act was repealed by way of the Declaratory Act which was nothing more than a statement of power Stated that Parliament had the right to tax but the colonists really didn t care for this Act because it didn t change anything they didn t already know The British learned nothing from this venture though and arguments began over representation in Parliament England s response was that the colonies were virtually representedquot The colonies called bullshit Townshend Duties 67 Charles Townsend was Parliament s finance secretary He took the protests of the colonists seriously and said that the Stamp Act should be repealed His solution to the problem of the taxes and the colonists was to simply raise taxes on items which were already being taxed The Colonists were still violently disapproving of this as they still were not being represented in Parliament These taxes cause massive boycotts which crippled many merchants and damaged the economy severely Parliament decided to repeal all the tax increases but one the tea tax The Boston Massacre 70 In the aftermath of the Stamp Act Parliament sent a standing army to the colonies to protect English interests There was a regiment of guards in Boston that Samuel Adams and others decided to begin harassing The taunting escalated fast and when a piece of ice struck a soldier he opened fire The result was the deaths of five civilians and outrage from both sides Both sides were shocked by the event and both sides withdrew from one another for three years Tea Act 73 This was a tax on tea that was intended to help a British tea trading company remain alive The Act allowed the company to sell directly in the colonies which resulted in what was essentially a government authorized monopoly The colonists were infuriated by the idea of their government catering to the needs of a merchant company at the expense of the colonists This resulted in the Boston Tea Party in which Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty masqueraded as Indians and attacked the ships of the company dumping millions of dollars worth of tea into the harbor Parliament s response was the passage of the Coercive Intolerable Acts The Act closed Boston Harbor indefinitely until the colonists paid back the price of the property they destroyed It also forced colonists to permit the quartering of soldiers in their homes The colonists saw this and understood that their rights were being trampled First Continental Congress The representatives of the colonies met to decide on what the best course of action would be to resolve the dispute between Parliament and the Colonies Together they passed resolutions that were sent to Parliament The resolutions simply stated that the colonists only wanted that the system return to its state of 1763 before these events Parliament declared no concessions and decreed the colonies to be in a state of rebellion in order to justify war preparations Lexington and Concord 75 By the time the First Continental Congress had acted many colonies were already taking steps to independence In the spring of 1775 more British troops arrived in Boston with the purpose of arresting dissidents and seizing colonial arms and ammunition There was an armory in Lexington that the British went for and they were resisted by local militia Minute Men who by some offchance managed to push the British soldiers all the way back to Boston 2 Second Continental Congress 75 As a result of the events of Lexington a second Continental Congress was called together to determine the response of the colonies They decided that war was quickly becoming inevitable and began to organize and prepare for it putting George Washington as General of the new Continental Army Despite their decisiveness they were all aware of the profound stupidity of their actions in that they were both committing treason and declaring war on the most powerful empire in the world at the time a Olive Branch Petition War was not the Congress first course of action They first wrote out a list of their grievances and sent it directly to King George III in an attempt to get him to reason with Parliament on the colonists behalf as the colonies issue was with Parliament not the king The King refused and declared the colonies to be in a state of rebellion beginning the efforts for war B Changes lnstitutionalizing the Revolution 1 Declaration of Independence 76 This move by the Second Continental Congress was not approved by the majority of colonials who still viewed themselves as British citizens As a way to encourage separatist ideas Thomas Paine published Common Sense a pamphlet which argued for the breaking of the bond between the colonies and England Paine also attacked the King himself by referring to George as a brute Jefferson read both the pamphlet and John Locke s Natural Law which argues for rules that simply cannot be broken since they were made by nature itself He used these documents as inspiration for the grievances stated in the Declaration The Declaration itself announced the arrival of a system of government that had only ever been discussed in theory the Republic This decision was to represent a clean break from everything British Radicalism of the Revolution Although the Revolution was initially conservative meaning that the colonies simply wanted to go back to the old ways while Parliament wanted to change how things worked the act of declaring independence meant a far more radical change had to be accepted This change would come in the form of acceptance of the Republican form of government wherein the power of the government was derived exclusively from the will of the governed In this form of government the old system of inherited titles and wealth was abolished The only problem with Republics that were intended to be implemented was in the fact that they had to be governed by virtue In this case virtue means that the individual must put aside their own selfinterest in pursuit of the common good This was at its very best an ideal only and could not last simply due to human nature Social and Economic Reform a Social Relations Prior to this point the colonies had been looseknit and operated fairly independently from one another At and after this point they had to work together simply in order to survive The ideal of equality began to spread even though it was nowhere near true equality in any sense of the word b Aristocracy The inheritance of power and wealth that was accepted prior to this point was no longer allowed to continue Laws protecting its existence were abolished and the gentry class became almost nonexistent Ill The War 75 83 A 4 c Religion Where nearly every other system of government had refused to acknowledge or accept any religions besides their own this system grew with the idea of religious tolerance and separation of church and state d Slavery and the Status of Women Racial slavery boomed at the same time the all men are created equalquot rhetoric was being passed around This hypocrisy was far reaching however the North slowly began the emancipation process mostly because it was not a profitable way of life anymore Likewise women s rights remained equally as ignored as they had been before Establishing a National Government When the process of laying out how the government would work began the main concern was how to lay it out in such a way that the rights that governments tended to trample might be protected The first attempt was the Articles of Confederation which were an absolute failure as they essentially reduced the federal government to a powerless oh is that still herequot After 8 years the Articles were removed and the Constitution we have today was created The General Nature of the Conflict The Americans only had to wait the British out They had to inflict enough economic damage and casualties to convince the British to back off The British had a much much tougherjob in that they had to send troops out fight a war they didn t have a passion for spend money they didn t have etc Keys to the Colonial Success 1 Washington s Generalship George Washington was born to the elite Virginia gentry and was trained in military combat and tacticsThe Second Continental Congress picked him unanimously to lead and at first his humility told him to refuse as he viewed himself unworthy of such a great cause After he accepted Washington realized just how much of an issue controlling the new army would be Washington despised the common soldiers under his command because as volunteer soldiers they did not operate in a manner he was trained to deal with He did learn eventually how to flex the ideals card to make them do as he asked he also learned how to use their unconventional ways of fighting as a positive He learned that keeping them constantly on the move toward a goal was how to keep them occupied and also allowed them to win the war Saratoga 77 The British army had a plan to split the colonists into having a twofront war by splitting New York via Saratoga They were quite surprised when the colonists were waiting on them and captured and defeated them a French Alliance 78 Prior to Saratoga the French had simply refused to help the colonies directly because they thought the colonies had no chance to lose after Saratoga the French saw how well the resistance was going and pledged their full support to the colonies Valley Forge 77 78 The horrible winter took out a huge number of Washington s men and awful losses were causing huge morale drops By the time of the Spring thaws over 2000 of the 50006000 man army were dead Friedrich Wilhelm Baron von Steuben was a German military commander who managed to whip the army into shape after the winter until they were an effective organized military presence War in the South Previously the British had fought the war almost exclusively in Northern territory Now they realized that they could probably cause a break if they fought their war in the southern states where they had more supporters This move was effective and eventually Virginia was the last stronghold a Yorktown 81 With the help of the French navy and his newly trained army General Washington defeated the British army led by Cornwallis at Yorktown The defeat was so shameful to Cornwallis that he sent a representative to hand over his sword instead of actually going IV Results After 2 more years of fighting after Yorktown the British finally gave up fighting the colonists because they could no longer afford any more men or money The Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783 and granted the Americans all the land previously denied them out to the Mississippi River
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'