Logic of American Politics
Logic of American Politics PSC 121 - M200
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Madeleine Fitzgerald on Tuesday September 15, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSC 121 - M200 at Syracuse University taught by S. Gadarian in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 205 views. For similar materials see American National Government and Politics in Political Science at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 09/15/15
Madeleine Fitzgerald PSC 121 7 September 2015 LOGIC OF AMERICAN POLITICS CH 2 The failures of the Continental Congress lead to the change in national government The Cont Congress was unable to make quick decisions that benefitted the entirety of the US The order of events that lead to the creation of the constitution French and Indian War 9 The Stamp Act 9 Tea Act 9Battle of Lexington amp Concord 9 Thomas Paine s Common Sense 9 British surrender Yorktown 9 Shays s Rebellion 9 The Federalist Papers In the summer of 1787 55 delegates from all the states except Rhode Island assembled in Philly to consider revising the nations constitution then known as The Articles of Confederation A LEGACY OF SELFGOVERNANCE The colonist enjoyed the home rule which allowed them to manage their own domestic affairs including taxation After the French and Indian War the home rulequot began to quickly fade and this upset the colonist which lead them to revolt against the British THE CONTENTIAL CONGRESS Congress first instructed the convention to reconstitute themselves as a state government based on republican principles Most of these states used a bicameral legislature which created shorter terms and division of power The second Continental Congress established the nation s first bonds and currency THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION This was the first form of a constitution that the US established and it failed due to the lack of a centralized government or power There was no standing army or common currency This highly decentralized system is called a confederacy THE CONFEDERATION AT WAR Due to the lack of taxation there was no central revenue that would allow the US to pay back any debts When there was a rebellion or any form of war the government was unable to raise an army to protect the people 9 This is shown in Shay s Rebellion where the army could not control the rebellion This rebellion against paying taxes was the largest promoter of the Constitution even more so than the nationalists Eg Washington Hamilton DRAFTING A NEW CONSTITUTION PHILOSOPHICAL INFLUENCES John Locke promotes popular sovereignty which is the peoples delegation of authority to their agents in government with the ability to rescind that authority this argument is clearly in the Declaration of Independence Charles Baron de Montesquieu supplied the framers with the concept of separation of powers and the three branches of government David Hume contributed the concept of economic marketplaces THE VIRGNIA amp NEW JERSEY PLANS The Virginia Plan Proposed by James Madison Called for a bicameral legislative branch Members of the lower chamber would be appropriated among the states by population and directly elected by the citizenry 9 in turn the lower chamber would elect the members of the upper chamber from lists of nominees supplied by the state legislatures Diagram of the Virginia Plan Council of Revision Elects senators proportional 2 state populations 1 Nominate senators 39 The New Iersey Plan William Paterson proposed the N Plan The plan gave congress the authority to force the states to comply with it s tax requisitions Also included a simple majority vote to enact national policy rather than the supermajority required in the Articles of Confed THE GREAT COMPROMISE The solution was to split the legislature into two branches the House and the Senate The new powers enacted in congress were Declare war borrow money levy a tax and create an army The commerce clause was in the Great Compromise which gives congress control over interstate commerce A critical provision in the GC was the necessary and proper clause which left the door open for major expansion of Congress legislative power IMPORTANT DEFINTIONS IN THE EXEUCTIVE BRANCH Modern Presidents sometimes assert the Take Care Clause which allows them to undertake whatever actions the nation s wellbeing requires A veto allows the president to reject a bill There are many forms of a veto The electoral college the method in which the president is elected THE FEDERALIST PAPERS Written by Alexander Hamilton Iohn lay and Iames Madison The Fed Papers supported a small government and strong state power The Madisonian view of government and democracy is Pluralism which welcomes society s numerous diverse interests and generally endorses the idea that those competing interests most affected by a public policy will have the greatest say in what the policy will be Federalist No 51 amp 10 Federalist No 10 conveys the theory of pluralism that guided the Constitution s chief architect and Federalist No 51 explores how and why the governmental system This promotes the idea that the constitution will cause a giant step to tyranny
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