Minimal Knowledge 5
Minimal Knowledge 5 HSC 201
Popular in Pathophysiology 1
Popular in Nursing and Health Sciences
This 27 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lydia on Tuesday September 15, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HSC 201 at Illinois State University taught by Heather Mautino in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see Pathophysiology 1 in Nursing and Health Sciences at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/15/15
Fall 2015 Minimal Knowledge Lecture Mental Health amp Substance AbuseAddiction 1 Mental Health A person s condition with regard to their psychological and emotional wellbeing 2 Mental Illness 0 Significant dysfunction in behavior or personality that interferes with a person s ability to function in m society it s a dysfunction Refers to a wide range of mental health conditions disorders that affect your mood thinking and behavior Examples of mental illness include depression anxiety disorders schizophrenia eating disorders and addictive behaviors 3 Substance Abuse Chemical Dependency o Inappropriate or unnecessary use of drugs or chemicals that impairs a person s function in some way amp to some extent you have control over the substance abuse Substance Abuse overindulgence in or dependence on an addictive substance especially alcohol or drugs Chemical Dependency addiction to a mood or mindaltering drug such as alcohol or cocaine 4 National Institutes of Health NIH Is an important US health agency It is devoted to medical research Administratively under the Department of Health and Human Services HHS the NIH consists of 20some separate Institutes and Centers NIH39s program activities are represented by these Institutes and Centers 5 National Institute of Mental Health NIM H Mission is to quotprovide national leadership dedicated to understanding treating and preventing mental illnesses through basic research on the brain and behavior and through clinical epidemiological and services researchquot Dual Diagnoses 0 at least 1 or more Mental Health m 1 or more Substance Abuse Dx 0 not 2 MH g 2 SA alone 0 May be Synergistic andlor Cause amp effect 0 ETOH abuse with anxiety disorder and depression Ex You may drink because your depressed 0 Anxiety disorder with ETOH abuse Depression with SA Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder with ETOH abuse Is a very broad category It can range from someone developing mild depression because of binge drinking to someone39s symptoms of bipolar disorder becoming more severe when that person abuses heroin during periods of mania Either substance abuse or mental illness can develop first Synergist or Synergism Synergist a substance organ or other agent that participates in an effect of synergy Synergism the interaction or cooperation of two or more organizations substances or other agents to produce a combined effect greater than the sum of their separate effects Cause amp Effect Cause An event or action that causes something else to happen Effect An event or action that happened as a result of another event or action ETOH Ethyl Alcohol alcohol Anxiety Disorder Are a category of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear where anxiety is a worry about future events and fear is a reaction to current events These feelings may cause physical symptoms such as a racing heart and shakiness 11 Depression Feelings of severe despondency and dejection Depressed mood over time Inability to concentrate Sleep disturbances Diminished libido Low selfesteem Negative selfappraisal 9919901quot 12 Schizophrenia A longterm mental disorder of a type involving a breakdown in the relation between thought emotion and behavior leading to faulty perception inappropriate actions and feelings withdrawal from reality and personal relationships into fantasy and delusion and a sense of mental fragmentation 13 Bipolar Disorder A mental disorder marked by alternating periods of elation and depression 14 Psychiatrist vs Psycholologist Psychiatrist A physician the doctor who specializes in the prevention diagnosis and treatment of mental illness A psychiatrist must receive additional training and serve a supervised residency in his or her specialty He or she may also have additional training in a psychiatric specialty such as child psychiatry or neuropsychiatry Psychiatrists can prescribe medication which psychologists cannot do Psychologist A professional specializing in diagnosing and treating diseases of the brain emotional disturbance and behavior problems Psychologists can only use talk therapy as treatment you must see a psychiatrist or other medical doctor to be treated with medication Psychologists may have a master39s degree MA or doctorate PhD in psychology They may also have other qualifications including Board certification and additional training in a type of therapy they39re more like a counselor 15 Neuropsychiatrist Is a branch of medicine that deals with mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system It preceded the current disciplines of psychiatry and neurology which had common training 16 Psychiatric Techs Are mental health employees who provide handson care to people with varying degrees of mental illnesses andor developmental disabilities They perform a vital frontline function in all healthcare settings as they observe treat and interact with patients often more than any other staff They carry out doctors orders serving as the eyes ears and hands of the diagnosing professional They report back on how the treatment is working or any unusual symptoms that need professional attention 17 Addiction Counselors Is to provide support education and nonjudgmental confrontation The counselor must establish good rapport with the patient The patient recovering from chemical addiction deserves to feel understood and that he or she has an ally The counselor wants to convey to the patient that he or she appreciates the difficulty of this struggle and the need for support through the recovery process 18 Master39s prepared counselors Counselor and treatment specialists who cannot prescribe medications 19 MSN Master of Science in Nursing 20 LCSW Licensed Clinical Social Worker 21 PartialHospitalization Also known as PHP partial hospitalization program is a type of program used to treat mental illness and substance abuse In partial hospitalization the patient continues to reside at home but commutes to a treatment center up to seven days a week 22 Voluntary Admission to Psychiatric Evaluation or Treatment You want help and will go in on your own 23 Involuntary Admission to Psychiatric Evaluation or Treatment Someone signs you in or is court ordered 24 Courtorder treatment Will fill out paper work and the doctor will sign it and it will be ordered to get treatment 25 Positive outcome Decrease in SSx You don t feel like having another drink every 5 mins or going back to your addiction 26 Negative outcome Didn39t work and the cycle starts again 27 Neuropsychosis Mental disorder arising from a nervous disorder 28 Dementia A chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders personality changes and impaired reasoning 29 OBS Organic Brain Syndrome is a general term that describes decreased mental function due to a medical disease other than a psychiatric illness It is often used synonymously but incorrectly with dementia 30 Parkinson39s DiseaseParkinsonism Is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects movement It develops gradually sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand But while a tremor may be the most wellknown sign of Parkinson39s disease the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement 31 Syphilis a chronic bacterial disease that is contracted chiefly by infection during sexual intercourse but also congenitally by infection of a developing fetus 32 MS Multiple Sclerosis a chronic degenerative often episodic disease of the central nervous system marked by patchy destruction of the myelin that surrounds and insulates nerve fibers usually appearing in young adulthood and manifested by one or more mild to severe neural and muscular impairments as spastic weakness in one or more limbs local sensory losses bladder dysfunction or visual disturbances 33 Derangement A disturbance of the regular order or arrangement Rarely used term for a mental disturbance or disorder 34 Manifestation A symptom or sign of an ailment 35 Psychosis psychotic disorder may be related to neurological conditions Neuropsychosis eg dementia in Organic Brain Syndrome OBS Parkinsonism Frontal Dementia Syphilis MS etc 0 Definition Derangement of personality with a loss of contact with reality 0 Treated by Psychiatrist amp Psychiatric Team A severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality 36 Delusion delusional false mental conception resistant to reason Ex They are back 20 years ago in that time and they don t want to hear reason A delusion is an unshakable belief in something untrue These irrational beliefs defy normal reasoning and remain firm even when ovenNhelming proof is presented to dispute them Delusions are often accompanied by hallucinations andor feelings of paranoia which act to strengthen confidence in the delusion Delusions are distinct from culturally or religiously based beliefs that may be seen as untrue by outsiders 37 Hallucination auditory visual olfactory hallucinatory Sensory experience of something that does not exist outside of the mind Ex They think it39s right in front of them An experience involving the apparent perception of something not present 38 Etiology RO Medical Etiology or Conditions always Before the diagnose a patient with psycosis The cause set of causes or manner of causation of a disease or condition 39 RO Rule out 40 Psychotherapy The treatment of mental disorder by psychological rather than medical means 41 Psychosocial Of or relating to the interrelation of social factors and individual thought and behavior 42 Antipsychotic chiefly of a drug used to treat psychotic disorders 0 Tranquilizers amp neuroleptics 0 Thorazine o Haldol o Navane 0 Clozaril 43 Antidepressa nt Anything and especially a drug used to prevent or treat depression Prozac Elavil desipramine Wellbutrin Paxil Zoloft Desyrel Pamelor are Antidepressants 44 Psychosis Schizophrenia Definition Withdrawal from reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking amp conflict 45 Catatonic Schizophrenia Is a type or subtype of schizophrenia that includes extremes of behavior At one end of the extreme the patient cannot speak move or respond there is a dramatic reduction in activity where virtually all movement stops as in a catatonic stupor 46 Paranoid Schizophrenia Is a subtype of schizophrenia in which the patient has delusions false beliefs that a person or some individuals are plotting against them or members of their family 47 Disorganized Schizophrenia Disorganized speech amp behavior Possible flat or inappropriate affect 48 Delusions of Gradeur Persecution Erotomanic Jealous Grandeur a false impression of one39s own importance inflated worth power knowledge identify or special relationship to deity or famous person Persecution re a delusional condition in which the affected person believes they are being persecuted Specifically they have been defined as containing two central elements The individual thinks that harm is occurring or is going to occur believes that self or someone is being treated malevolently Erotomania is a type of delusion in which the affected person believes that another person usually a stranger highstatus or famous person is in love with them The illness often occurs during psychosis especially in patients with schizophrenia delusional disorder or bipolar mania believes that a person of higher status is in love with himher Jealous is a psychological disorder in which a person wrongly believes that their spouse or sexual partner is being unfaithful without having any real proof to back up their claim individual sexual partner is unfaithful 49 Social Withdrawal The retreat from society and interpersonal relationships that can be accompanied by in difference and aloofment It can be associated with several disorders such as autism schizophrenia and depression 50 Flat affect A severe reduction in emotional expressiveness People with depression and schizophrenia often show flat affect A person with schizophrenia may not show the signs of normal emotion perhaps may speak in a monotonous voice have diminished facial expressions and appear extremely apathetic Also known as blunted affect 51 Inappropriate affect The emotional tone a person expresses A person39s affect may be appropriate or inappropriate to the situation One type of inappropriate affect is a flat affect or blunted affect a common feature of schizophrenia 52 Mood swings An abrupt and apparently unaccountable change of mood 53 Anxiety A feeling of worry nervousness or unease typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome 54 Poor attentionspan You may be thinking you39re having a conversation with them and they total change subjects or during the conversation they don t even know what you39re talking about with them 55 Autism A mental condition present from early childhood characterized by difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts 56 False meanings to life experiences RO Medical Etiology or Condition first 0 Tenacious amp typically refractory to contrary evidence 0 Assigns false meanings to life experiences 0 Themes 0 Jealousy secret loves grandiosity persecution and legal retaliation 0 Begins with a grain of truth 0 Does not interfere with life s activities usually 57 Grandiosity Refers to an unrealistic sense of superiority a sustained view of oneself as better than others that causes the narcissist to view others with disdain or as inferior 58 Major Affective Disorders Types Depression Bipolar Disorder formerly known as ManicDepression Unipolar Disorder 59 Major difference between Schizophrenia amp Major Affective Disorders Disordered emotions or affect are not disordered thoughts of Schizophrenia amp Delusional Disorder 60 Pyschopharmaceuticals A drug having an effect on the mental state of the user a Monoamine oxidase MAO inhibitors 0 Parnate b Tricyclic antidepressants 0 Block the reuptake of norepinephrine amp serotonin by the nerve endings 0 Elavil c Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors 0 Prozac Paxil Zoloft 61 ECT for depression only Electroconvulsive therapy ECT is a procedure in which electric currents are passed through the brain intentionally triggering a brief seizure ECT seems to cause changes in brain chemistry that can quickly reverse symptoms of certain mental illnesses Can cause temporary or permanent shortterm amp longterm memory loss 62 Amnesia A partial or total loss of memory 63 Anehdonia Inability to experience joy pleasure or satisfaction from occupational relational and recreational activities that were previously sources of positive feelings Inability to feel pleasure 64 Negative selfappraisal Never have anything good to say about themselves 65 Body posturing Stooped posture sad amp forlorn facial expression low energy levels agitation amp restlessness moaning rocking pacing amp handwringing 66 Mania Is an abnormally elated mental state typically characterized by feelings of euphoria lack of inhibitions racing thoughts diminished need for sleep talkativeness risk taking and irritability In extreme cases mania can induce hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms Inflated selfesteem hyperactivity Inability to focus or concentrate Low sensitivity to fatigue or pain Rapid or incoherent speech Delusions Increased appetite libido Decreased sleep time Poor judgment amp impulse control 9 39 Pquot39gtSquotquotquot 67 Generalized Anxiety Disorder Continual presence of a moderate degree of anxiety wo periods of acute attacks Symptoms anxious headaches abdominal problems sleep problems can39t control the worry A psychological disorder characterized by excessive or disproportionate anxiety about several aspects of life such as work social relationships or financial matters Treatment RO medical conditions or other mental health conditions 0 Antianxiety 0 Benzodiazepines Valium Xanax 0 Antidepressants 0 Betablockers primary use is HTN ampcardiac 68 Agoraphobia rare Intense panic attacks Is a type of anxiety disorder in which you fear and often avoid places or situations that might cause you to panic and make you feel trapped helpless or embarrassed 69 MVP common finding Mitral Valve Prolapse is a vascular heart disease characterized by the displacement of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium during systole 70 Panic Disorder another anxiety disorder 0 A psychiatric disorder in which debilitating anxiety and fear arise frequently and without reasonable cause Clinical Manifestations 0 Possible anticipatory fear 0 FearTerror 0 Sweatingdiaphoresis 0 Respiratory 0 Dyspnea ampor SOB shortness of Breath 0 Hyperventilation 0 Cardiac 0 Chest discomfortpain o Palpitations 0 GI o N GI symptoms Treatment 0 RO medical conditions or other mental health conditions 0 Biofeedback Behavioral Therapy 0 Medications 0 Antianxiety 0 Benzodiazepines Valium Xanax 0 Antidepressant o Betablockers 0 primary use is HTN amp cardiac sx 71 Hyperventilation Is a condition in which you suddenly start to breathe very quickly Healthy breathing occurs with a healthy balance between breathing in oxygen and breathing out carbon dioxide 72 Palpitations A noticeably rapid strong or irregular heartbeat due to agitation exertion or illness 73 Biofeedback Help with mind heart rate pain it tries to get things into perspective The use of electronic monitoring of a normally automatic bodily function in order to train someone to acquire voluntary control of that function 74 75 76 77 0CD Underlying chronic anxiety condition a impairs function amp creates distress Obsessivecompulsive disorder OCD is characterized by unreasonable thoughts and fears obsessions that lead you to do repetitive behaviors compulsions It39s also possible to have only obsessions or only compulsions and still have 0CD With 0CD you may or may not realize that your obsessions aren39t reasonable and you may try to ignore them or stop them But that only increases your distress and anxiety Ultimately you feel driven to perform compulsive acts in an effort to ease your stressful feelings Obsession vs Compulsion Obsession the state of being obsessed with someone or something Intrusive thought impulses images Ex Concerned with cemetery cleanliness order needing to know or remember things over focusing on details having to feel just right focusing on specific numbers 7 or 4 cutting or burning for sensation concerned about dirty and are constantly washing yourself to get rid of the quotdirtquot Compulsion the action or state of forcing or being forced to do something constraint Repetitive ritualistic behaviors of a driven quality Ex Adjusting or readjusting socks shoes and doing it over and over again over focusing on one idea or actions repeatedly touch objects a set number of times biting nails cracking knuckles constantly repeating what you39re doing over and over again and you can39t function without doing it Intrusive thoughts Are frightening thoughts about what might happen to you or someone you care about or what you might do to yourself or another person They seem to come from outside of your control and their content feels alien and threatening Ritua listic Behavior Automatic behavior of psychogenic or cultural origin 78 Anorexia Nervosa a Affects mostly females between the ages of 1315 yrs old b Refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height i Weight loss leading to maintenance of body weight less than 85 of that expected ii Or failure to make expected weight gain during period of growth leading to body weight less than 85 of that expected Often simply called anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of body weight People with anorexia place a high value on controlling their weight and shape using extreme efforts that tend to significantly interfere with activities in their lives 79 Anorexia Nervosa vs Anorexia Anorexia Nervosa the fear of gaining weight and the poor body image of the person makes her avoid eating thereby resulting to a critically low body weight Anorexia nervosa is a separate disease that involves not just medical treatment but psychiatric treatment as well Anorexia is simply the loss of appetite which can be caused not just by the fear of gaining weight as seen in anorexia nervosa but also by several other conditions such as depression or medication side effects Most of the time anorexia is just a symptom of other diseases like cancer Anorexia can be treated just by addressing the underlying medical condition that causes it 80 Bulimia Nervosa a Def Episodes of bingeing or uncontrollable ingestion of large amts of food i Use of laxatives or emetics Is a serious potentially lifethreatening eating disorder People with bulimia may secretly binge eating large amounts of food and then purge trying to get rid of the extra calories in an unhealthy way For example someone with bulimia may force vomiting or engage in excessive exercise Sometimes people purge after eating only a small snack or a normalsize meal Bulimia can be categorized in two ways Purging bulimia You regularly selfinduce vomiting or misuse laxatives diuretics or enemas after bingeing Nonpurging bulimia You use other methods to rid yourself of calories and prevent weight gain such as fasting strict dieting or excessive exercise 81 Substance Abuse Chemical Dependency a Inappropriate or unnecessary use of drugs or chemicals that impairs a person s function in some way amp to some extent b Can be inpart with the mental health disease or it can also be on its own 0 SA Professionals i MD amp DO ii RN LPN iii BSW MSW or LCSW iv Addiction Counselors 82 Alcoholism An addiction to the consumption of alcoholic liquor or the mental illness and compulsive behavior resulting from alcohol dependency 83 Intensive OP treatment A lot of it is similar to mental health but sometimes there39s specific rehab facilities that is all they focus on and then they have special addiction counselors that work with them as well 84 Residentialtreatment A residential treatment center RTC sometimes called a rehab is a live in health care facility providing therapy for substance abuse mental illness or other behavioral problems 85 Anemia A condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood resulting in pallor and weariness 86 Habit Def Practice of using substances at regular amp frequent intervals usually involuntary A settled or regular tendency or practice especially one that is hard to give up 87 Dependence Physiologic vs Psychological 0 Def state of reliance either physical or psychological or both 1 Physiological 0 Withdrawal Sx 0 tremorscramps irritability psychotic episodes seizures 0 WV cramps HTN 2 Psychological 0 desire need want Physiologic refers to the process throughout which a body becomes dependent upon a foreign substance This is the process through which a person becomes addicted to alcohol or drugs Psychological a form of dependence that involves emotional motivational withdrawal symptoms eg a state of unease or dissatisfaction a reduced capacity to experience pleasure or anxiety upon cessation of drug use or engagement in certain behaviors 88 Withdrawal Abnormal physical or psychological features that follow the abrupt discontinuation of a drug that has the capability of producing physical dependence In example common opiates withdrawal symptoms include sweating goosebumps vomiting anxiety insomnia and muscle pain 89 Tolerance Def Need more amp more drug for same effect dt body s adaption You need more of it to get the same high The ability or willingness to tolerate something in particular the existence of opinions or behavior that one does not necessarily agree with 90 Addiction Def Uncontrollable compulsion to use substance a Disregards consequence to self family etc May be involved with MVA criminal activities especially domestic violence The fact or condition of being addicted to a particular substance thing or activity 91 MVA Motor Vehicle Accident 92 Euphoria Stimulants Causes euphoria uppers a Examples i Coffee Caffeine ii Amphetamines A feeling or state of intense excitement and happiness 93 Narcotic Causes euphoria amp drowsiness a Major therapeutic use pain reduction b variety of body systems responses i e g Apnea with Morphine c Examples i Morphine Demerol ii Codeine Darvon iii Hydrocodone Vicodin A drug or other substance affecting mood or behavior and sold for nonmedical purposes especially an illegal one 94 Psychodelics Relating to or denoting drugs especially LSD that produce hallucinations and apparent expansion of consciousness 95 Detoxification 0 Medical and supportive services to alleviate the shortterm symptoms of physical withdrawal The purpose is to assist the patient physically amp psychologically until the body becomes free of drugs or the effects of alcohol The process of removing toxic substances or qualities 96 Delirium Tremens quotThe shakesquot A psychotic condition typical of withdrawal in chronic alcoholics involving tremors hallucinations anxiety and disorientation 97 Diaphoresis quotThe sweatsquot Sweating especially to an unusual degree as a symptom of disease or a side effect of a drug 98 Seizures Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain which may produce a physical convulsion minor physical signs thought disturbances or a combination of symptoms 99 HTN Hypertension is high blood pressure Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as it flows through them Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the body39s tissues 100 NV Neurovascular 101 HA Headache 102 Myalgia Pain in a muscle or group of muscles 103 Tinnitus Ringing or buzzing in the ears 104 Cognitive impairment Is when a person has trouble remembering learning new things concentrating or making decisions that affect their everyday life Cognitive impairment ranges from mild to severe 105 Involuntary trembling Tremor is an unintentional rhythmic muscle movement involving toand fro movements oscillations of one or more parts of the body It is the most common of all involuntary movements and can affect the hands arms head face voice trunk and legs Most tremors occur in the hands 106 Hype rreflexia Is defined as overactive or over responsive reflexes 107 OD Overdose o Contributing Causes 0 Dosage therapeutic vs toxic 0 Contamination with other substances eg weed killer 0 Synergistic drug combination Morphine amp Valium respiratory depression 108 Overdose An excessive and dangerous dose of a drug 109 CNS depression Refers to physiological depression of the central nervous system that can result in decreased rate of breathing decreased heart rate and loss of consciousness possibly leading to coma or death CNS depression is specifically the result of inhibited brain activity Ex Alcohol 110 CNS stimulation Amphetamine is a potent central nervous system CNS stimulant of the phenethylamine class that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD and narcolepsy Amphetamine was discovered in 1887 and exists as two enantiomers levoamphetamine and dextroamphetamine Ex Alcohol 111 Cardiac Arrhythmias Occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate your heartbeats don39t work properly causing your heart to beat too fast too slow or irregularly 112 Respiratory Depression Hypoventilation also known as respiratory depression occurs when ventilation is inadequate hypo meaning quotbeowquot to perform needed gas exchange By definition it causes an increased concentration of carbon dioxide hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis 113 Respiratory Stimulation Is primarily used in addition to noninvasive ventilation as a means to help increase the urge to breathe It works by stimulating the central nervous system resulting in an increase in respiratory rate and tidal volume which is the amount of air that is inhaled or exhaled during a normal breath 114 Narcotic reversal agent They give you a drug to get over the overdose of a drug e g Narcan for apnea or respiratory distress of Morphine administration 115 Ventilator Assisted ventilation with Endotracheal ET Tube A device for giving artificial respiration or aiding in pulmonary ventilation 116 Assisted ventilation Application of mechanically or manually generated positive pressure to gases in or about the airway during inhalation as a means of augmenting the movement of gases into the lungs 117 Endotracheal Tube ET tube A tube inserted as through the nose or mouth into the trachea to maintain an unobstructed passageway especially to deliver oxygen or anesthesia to the lungs called also breathing tube 118 Cardiac pacemaker Is a small device that39s placed in the chest or abdomen to help control abnormal heart rhythms This device uses electrical pulses to prompt the heart to beat at a normal rate Pacemakers are used to treat arrhythmias Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat 119 Ind uced co ma Forced coma so you don t have as bad of withdrawel symptoms because it can get pretty bad Is a temporary coma a deep state of unconsciousness brought on by a controlled dose of a barbiturate drug usuay pentobarbital or thiopental Extra knowledge 1 in 17 adults have a serious mental illness 1 in 4 adults experience a mental health disorder in a given year 4 out of 10 leading causes of disability is a mental illness If patients go untreated it costs the government 100 billion a year If their treatments are successful a 7090 improvement of their quality of life if they stick with their treatment plan Depression is more likely in women 95 of the population often seen with anxiety disorder or substance abuse and it may start earlier in life as depression Bipoar extreme mood swing 12 of the population starts in their 2039s Unipoar just exhibit one end of bipolar it39s not as severe as bipolar Nonpsychotoic mental disorders Anxiety disorder 133 of people age 1854 may occur with depression or eating disorder or substance abuse and it may lead to anxiety disorder Causes would be conflict genetics PTSD personaity disorders are not tested borderline personality disorder is a mental health disorder that impacts the way you think and feel about yourself and others causing problems functioning in everyday life It includes a pattern of unstable intense relationships distorted selfimage extreme emotions and impulsiveness antisocia personal disorders is a mental condition in which a person has a longterm pattern of manipulating exploiting or violating the rights of others This behavior is often criminal Anorexia nervosa they don t eat Bulimia nervosa binge eat and then vomit after ingesting food Personaity Disorder borderline personality antisocial personality is the persons behaviors emotions and thoughts differ from cultural norms 0 Borderline Personality Disorder BPD Clinically a personality disorder is an quotenduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectation of the individual s culture is pervasive and inflexible unlikely to change is stable over time and leads to distress or impairment in interpersonal relationshipsquot 0 Antisocial Personality Disorder is a psychiatric condition characterized by chronic behavior that manipulates exploits or violates the rights of others This behavior is often criminal 1 out of 100 adults have some sort of 0CD there are various levels Acoho dependence or alcoholism is very common among 2134 yr olds drugs would be kind of around the same age group could be younger or older
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