SOC 2010 Exam 2 Study Guide
SOC 2010 Exam 2 Study Guide Soc 2010
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by kyle.gosland on Monday March 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc 2010 at Clemson University taught by Mary Barr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 89 views. For similar materials see Introduction to sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 03/07/16
SOC 2010 Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 4 1. True/False: People are born with the ability to live within society and automatically know how society operates 2. What is the most significant agent of socialization? (schools, peers, family, or mass media) 3. Did the doctors who took part in Genie’s study act as professionally as they should have? 4. What is the primary factor that determines differences between individuals? 5. Do most experts think that people are shaped more by nature, nurture, or both? 6. Did Genie’s mental age increase at the rate of a fully functional person? 7. What is meant by a “hidden curriculum” in schools? Chapter 6 1. Which sociologist proposed structural functionalism and said that deviance helped to define social norms and moral boundaries? 2. Which sociologist talked about the behavior of the elite being less likely to be seen as criminal? 3. Which country has the highest incarceration rate in the world? 4. What does the “self-fulfilling prophecy” say? 5. Which sociologist said that people learn to be deviant as a result of interacting with others? 6. In what decade did the government declare their “War on Drugs”? 7. Which form of cocaine had the harsher sentencing laws and what kind of people were more likely to be found in possession of this form? 8. True/False: harsh sentences help deter people from committing crimes 9. Who is talked about as being the poster child for racial profiling? 10. Which sociologist believed that the strain from society on individuals causes rule breaking behavior and what is his theory called? 11. What is the term that refers to losing the right to vote as a result of committing a felony? 12. What type of crimes are typically committed by people who have a high status in their occupation? 13. What state was the first to make the cocaine to crack sentencing ratio 1:1? Chapter 7 1. The US is known to have fluid social mobility, is this more of a perception or a reality? 2. What is an example of a country that has a fixed social system (caste system) where social mobility isn’t possible? 3. True/False: social classes tend to stay the same and take longer periods of time to change 4. What is the difference between income and wealth? 5. Which social theory says that inequality serves a purpose and that poor people will fill jobs that most others wouldn’t? 6. What 4 things factor into Socioeconomic Status (SES)? 7. Which theory says that social inequality exists when capitalists have a distinct advantage over workers? 8. How did the economy shift in the 1970s? 9. Is there a higher tax on salaries and wages or capital gains and dividends from stocks? 10. Which social theory says that the meaning we get from things in the world is a social construction and results from social interactions? Chapter 8 1. What is the term for the process by which people create social reality? 2. What is the difference between prejudice and discrimination? 3. What term describes the removal of Native Americans from the places they live? 4. What are the three things everyone should know about race? 5. What biological pigment determines skin color? 6. What was the first country to enslave people based on their appearance instead of for conquest or debt reasons? 7. What two things did people need more of as the Americas began to be colonized? 8. True/False: genes for skin color are correlated with genes that determine success in certain areas 9. True/False: humans are genetically 99.99% identical to each other 10. What term is most related to the idea of the USA being a “melting pot”? Chapter 4 Answers: 1. False 2. Family 3. No, they acted in their self-interest and became emotionally attached 4. Biology 5. Both 6. Yes, but tests showed she was born handicapped 7. Things that are learned indirectly because of the structure of the school system and the methods of teaching used Chapter 6 Answers: 1. Durkheim 2. Marx 3. USA 4. Labels can cause people to act deviantly 5. Sutherland 6. 1970s 7. Crack (rock) and more likely to be used by poorer people 8. False 9. Trayvon Martin 10. Merton; Structural Strain Theory 11. Felony Disenfranchisement 12. White Collar Crime 13. California Chapter 7 Answers: 1. Perception 2. India 3. True 4. Income is an amount earned over a period of time and wealth is all of a person’s assets, including those inherited from family 5. Structural Functionalism 6. Income, wealth, power, prestige 7. Conflict Theory 8. Shifted from a production economy to a service economy 9. Wages and salaries 10. Symbolic Interactionism Chapter 8 Answers: 1. Reification 2. Prejudice is a way of thinking, discrimination is acting on those prejudiced thoughts 3. Population Transfer 4. It’s a biological myth, skin color is only skin deep, definition of race varies across time and place 5. Melanin 6. United States 7. Land and Labor 8. False 9. True 10. Assimilation
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