Studyguide for exam #1
Studyguide for exam #1 HDFS 1600
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kyler Garron on Wednesday September 16, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HDFS 1600 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by David Schramm in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Family Studies in Human Development at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/16/15
Monday December 7 y HDFS Exam 1 Studyguide family the change in the family definition what causes it family wars the two extremes 1 Families are the building blocks of society American families are falling apart causing American society to decline to hell in a hand basketquot the Decline Perspectivequot Four basic assumptions marriage is weaker now than in the past the cause of this change is the growing and excessive individualism of American culture the decline status of marriage has had negative consequences for adults children and society in general we should initiate steps to strengthen the institution of marriage 2 Declining is a myth and the changes occurring in society just mean that things are different Although families haven39t caught up with rapid social changes they are still here to stay Four basic assumptions the institution of marriage is changing but it is not necessarily a state of decline Americans have not become excessively individualistic and selfish during the last few decades recent changes in marriage and family life have had few negative consequences for adults children or the wider society Monday December 7 y We should support all types of families not just married heterosexual couples with children conclusion family relationships have become more complex Neutral more options for people especially women relationships have become easier to exit families provide emotional security economic support and raise children responsibly Chapter 5 Keys to love and happy relationships being able to live your life for that other person every divorce is a result of some level of selfishness on one or both parts Life is about connections The number one predictor of how long and how well you live is The quality of your close personal relationships Three Essential Needs three things that every human desiresneeds in life Safety avoid harm Satisfaction approach rewards Connection attach to others Bids for connection Create connection between two people Keep relationships moving in a positive direction Monday December 7 y Individuals constantly making bids for attention affection helphow a partner responds to bids often separates happy couples from unhappy couples What is Intimacy Intomeyousee true intimacy is developed over time as couples build trust and get to know each other s thoughts and feelings at a personal level Intimate needs intimacy refers to the reciprocity of trust between partners emotional closeness levels of selfdisclosure between partners both partners are comfortable can openly share their thoughts and feelings need for affiliation need to have relationships need fulfillment Militia tdapeneeeeemltu EIIIIUILIU II U lll U IUIIIIHIIIHJ reflected in an attitude ef trust that e eieeifie ether pereen will nurture and fulfill ene39e beeie need fer security and leave drive for interpersonal relations fulfilling psychological needs Monday December 7 y 5 psychological needs intimacy drives us to share our innermost feelings with others social integration needs that make us want to be a part of a group nurture need to care and be cared for assistance the need for assistance from others reassurance need to know we are wanted needed and loved Research Methods amp Theories Studying the family few of us can rely on firsthand experience in studying the family Our experiential reality beliefs we have about the family which may or may not be accurate agreement reality what members of society agree upon when it comes to family Family Research Research quotto investigate thoroughlyquot Monday December 7 y Goal of family research to gather information so conclusions and generalizations can be made about what families look like how they live interactions functions relationship patterns etc Research Methods Descriptive studies focus on compiling accurate accounts of how families live and give detail on how they are organized Explanatory Studies build on descriptive studies by asking the why questions seeks to understand the process and reasons behind certain phenomena Prediction the purpose of many family studies is to be able to predict phenomena in family life these studies identify likely outcomes associated with various factors Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning deductive reasoning reasoning down begins with a hypothesis that has been derived from a theoretical point of view Then test w observed facts Quantitative research Inductive reasoning observes facts then makes generalizations no hypothesis qualitative research What kind of data is required Secondary data evidence and information already existing Primary data collected by the researcher Insider methods questionnaires and surveys by telephone mail in person email internet interviews etc Outsider methods outsider watches and observes behaviors Longitudinal data info from same group at more than one point in time more costly Crosssectional data info collected from a sample at one point in time less expensive Theo es An idea or set of ideas that explain some phenomenon A theory provides logical explanations Monday December 7 y predictions a sense of understanding some measure of control Theoretical perspectives are ways of viewing reality Perspectives Family Ecology Perspective provides framework for describing how physical and social settings neighborhoods school workplace etc influences families and their members and how families influence these settings American Households n n n 24 of never married 25 341 live w a partner a y Curfreiiil M Fi IZdI lr l l igllZ Q39 l n widenwed Dvurceelor generated l39h larried Marriadceuple semen is Childfree or pestMillerrealrng v manned comings Other 111 ll or minmud family lieu selitxlas iralmnee ti 4e ITiquot srngloapamnl cum nole miles household H l Unmarried i39 coup e Mummyquot Family Development Perspective focuses on how a family changes over time eachs panst carry ideal f and st biasec speck Dating a According to the theory dating divorce rate is stable between 40 amp 50 Relationship types A frame loss of individuality H frame no couple identity Familism is defined as a social structure where the needs of the family are more important and take precedence over the needs of any of the family members An example of familism is when a family39s values are held in higher esteem than the values of the individual members of the family google Individualism 1 the habit or principle of being independent and selfreliant 2 a social theory favoring freedom of action for individuals over collective or state control google Three Components of Love 1 Intimacy Close connected feelings quickest to develop 2 Passion drives that lead to romance physical and sexual attraction develops slowly 3 Commitment the decision to love someone and maintain that love develops gradually Costs relationships generally continue until one or both of the partners ndl the experience x Reciprocity more costly than rewarding Exchange bellence
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