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What is the measure of the average number of children who are born to Description

Description: These are detailed notes of the newest sections of class, with vocab and demographic charts
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8.1 DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURES: AGING & YOUTHFUL POPULATIONS

What is the measure of the average number of children who are born to women of childbearing age in the population?

Vocab

• Birth/death rate – annual # of births/deaths per 1,000  people in a designated geographic area

• Total fertility rate – average # of children women in a  specific population bear over their lifetime

• Infant mortality rate – annual # of deaths of infants 1  year old or younger for every 1,000 infants born alive

• Maternal mortality rate – death of a woman while  pregnant or within 42 days of the termination of a pregnancy from any cause due to or aggravated by pregnancy or the  way it is managed. Expressed as the # of maternal deaths  per 100,000 pregnancies

What is the leading cause of death in infants 1 month to 1 year of age in the us?

If you want to learn more check out How did mcluhan explain the differences of the varied forms of media?
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• Sex ratio – number of men per 100 females in a designated  geographic area

• In-migration/Out-migration – movement of people into or  out of a designated area

• Immigration – act of entering one country after leaving  another If you want to learn more check out How to determine the market price?

• Emigration – act of departing one country with the purpose  of taking up residence elsewhere

• Net migration rate – rate based on the # of people  entering and # of people leaving a designated area in a year. We divide that number by the size of the relevant population and then multiply the result by 1,000

What is the number of males per 100 females called?

• Internal migration – movement of people within the given  boundaries of a country.

• Agglomerations – urban populations with 1 million or more

Populati

on

Growth

Rate

HIGHEST

Zimbabwe (4.3%)

LOWEST

Bulgaria (-0.78)

Crude

Birth

Rate

Niger (51.4 per

1,000)

Japan (7.3 per

1,000)

Fertility Rate

Niger (7.7)

China (1.5)

Crude Death  Rate

Angola (23.4

per 1,000)

UAE (2 per 1,000)

Maternal

Mortality

Rate

Sierra Leone

(2,000 per

100K)

Sweden

(5 per 100K)

Average Life  Expectancy

Japan (82.3)

Angola (38.7)

Sex Ratio

UAE 219m per  100f

Russia 86m per 100f

Net Migration Rate

UAE 22 per

1,000

Jordan -14.3 per 1,000

Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of avogadro's law?
If you want to learn more check out What does wernicke's area do?

US

1.1%

14 per 1,000 Don't forget about the age old question of The law of independent assortment refers to what?

2.1

8 per 1,000 17 per 100K 78.4

97 m per 100f 4 per 1000

Bernard Berelson & John Samuel’s theory of fertility decline  thresholds argues that fertility will not decline significantly  enough to begin the demographic transition until…

1. <50% labor force employed in agriculture

2. 50% of age 5-19 enrolled in school

3. Life expectancy is at least 60 years

4. Infant mortality is <65 per 1,000

5. 80%+ females age 15-19 are unmarried

Our aging world

∙ Most of human history, 65+ ~ 3-4% of population ∙ Today = 15%; 2050 = 25% (estimate)

∙ By 2030, working-age population expected to contract in  nearly all developed countries (US=exception thanks to  expected in-migration)

∙ By 2050, 60+ = 2 billion globally – ¾ from developing  countries

Case study of Bangladesh

 Area: 147,570 sq km (56, 977 sq mi) 94th in the world

 Population: 160 million (estimation 2015)

 Density: 964.42/sp km

 Life expectancy at birth: 69.75 years

 Male: 67.93

 Female : 71.65 (2011 est.)

 Growth rate: 1.34 % per annum

 (1.8 to 2.0 million people are being added to the total population every year)

Youth in Bangleshesh

o Share of youth (15‐24 years old) in total population: 28.9 % (2012)  o Total unemployment rate: 4.3% (2005)

o Youth unemployment rate: 10.3%

o higher in urban area (9.9 %) than in rural area (6.7 %)

o (higher than the regional South Asian average of 9.45%, but lower  than the world average of 12.4%

o Youth labor force participation rate: 72.8% (2012)

o GDP in 2012: US\$115.6 billion

o GDP growth in 2012: 6.3 %

o Major industries: Agriculture, Fisheries and Textile Industry  Challenges in Bangleshesh

• Share of youth (15‐24 years old) in total population: 28.9 % (2012)  • Total unemployment rate: 4.3% (2005)

• Youth unemployment rate: 10.3%

• higher in urban area (9.9 %) than in rural area (6.7 %)

• (higher than the regional South Asian average of

9.45%, but lower than the world average of 12.4%

• Youth labor force participation rate: 72.8% (2012)

• GDP in 2012: US\$115.6 billion

• GDP growth in 2012: 6.3 %

• Major industries: Agriculture, Fisheries and Textile Industry 9.1 DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURES: MIGRATION & INTEGRATION ISSUES

Migration by the numbers

 Number of international migrants more than doubled 1975-2000   Increase of 71 million migrants in world since 2000

 ~244 million migrants worldwide; ~ population of Brazil (5th most  populous country)

 1 in 10 persons in developed countries is a migrant  1 out of 5 migrants live in the US (~40 million out of 303 million)

Migration crisis: the facts

• Worst crisis since WWII?

– Media focus often on Europe – but greatest inflows are to  Turkey & Lebanon

– Some European countries have seen similar migrant inflow  peaks – 1950-1970 (Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Vietnam,  Uganda), 1990s (Yugoslavia, Kosovo), early 2000s (Iraq,  Afghanistan)

– Globalization makes crisis more unstable

– Open borders, modern forms of transportation, new forms of communication

– Increasing pressures on EU vs. Euro-skeptics

– Should Brussels decide who gets asylum? Nations usually  do that…and EU referendum is coming up in June…

Labor Migration

• “Losing One Million Scientists, Germany Turns to  Migrants” (written June 2014)

• “16 American Companies Founded by Immigrants”

– Immigrant-founded Fortune 500 companies employed 3.6  million workers in 2011 and responsible for \$1.7 trillion in  revenues in 2010

– Case: “Upwardly Global: Building a Model for Assisting  Immigrant Professionals”

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