Psychology Exam 3 Study Guide- Agan
Psychology Exam 3 Study Guide- Agan PSYC1300
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kavya Pasumarti on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC1300 at University of Houston taught by Dr. Herb Agan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 144 views. For similar materials see PSYC1300- Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Psychology Exam 3 Study Guide – Professor Herb Agan Exam Date: 04/29/16 MULTIPLE CHOICE Chapter 9 1. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation? - Intrinsic: satisfying or pleasurable - Extrinsic: The desire to behave in a certain way in order to gain some external reward or to avoid some undesirable consequence. 2. What motives are required to experience interaction with others? - Social Motives 3. What does the biological approach to motivational entail? - Drivereduction theory. A need gives rise to an internal state of tension called a drive, andthe person or organism is motivated to reduce it. 4. What type of psychologist applies his or her knowledge to the workplace? - Industrial/ organizational (I/O) psychologist 5. What are the basic laws of emotion? - Physical, Cognitive, Behavioral 6. What is the hallmark of selfactualization? - The pursuit of selfdefined goals for personal fulfillment and growth. 7. What is motivation? - All of the processes that initiate, direct, and sustain behavior Chapter 14 1. What are the major topics that social psychology explores? - Actual, imagined, or implied presence of others influence on our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors 2. What are the major factors for attraction? - Proximity, or physical, or geographic closeness 3. O’Leary and Smith: What factors play a role in marital or rational status? - Similarities in needs, personality, physical traits, intellectual ability, education, religion, ethnicity, socioeconomic status and attitudes. 4. Buss: What is the most important in males and females choosing a mate? - Male: Tend to look for physical attractiveness. - Female: tend to prefer men who appear to have economic resources andsocial status. 5. What describes Asch’s method on conformity? Social Norms The tendency to go along with the majority opinion remained in fullforce even when there was a unanimous majority of only three confederates 6. Milgram: What prompted research on obedience? - Intrigued by questions about what drove the guards in Nazi death camps to obey theirsuperiors, social psychologist Stanley Milgram conducted an experiment. 7. What explains the bystander effect? - Diffusion of responsibility - A social factor that affects prosocial behavior: As the number of bystanders atan emergency increases, the probability that the victim will receive help decreases, and the help, if given, is likely to be delayed. 8. What does research show about media violence and aggressive behavior? - There is a clear relationship between violence in media and aggressive behavior by the viewer Chapter 12 1. What makes behavior abnormal? - The behavior must be maladaptive and consistent with criteria. - Maladaptive: behavior that is poorly suited to a particular situation of function 2. Why do we have a DMS5 (Diagnostic Statistical Manual) - List criteria that must be met in order to make a particular diagnosis of psychological disorders. - Also organizes these disorders into categories based on similar symptoms. - Allows doctors to be able to communicate effectively and clearly with each other 3. What are the symptoms of a panic attack? - Sudden feeling of fear in which the heart pounds, the body shakes, and the person hasa choking sensation 4. What is the chief symptom of a general anxiety disorder? - Chronic, excessive worrying for a prolonged period of time - Trembling, palpitations, sweating, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, or frequent urination. 5. What fears are normal and what are excessive? Fears that are normal: public speaking, claustrophobia, and heights Fear that areexcessive: fear of injury, death, water, and elevators 6. What are the symptoms of a major depressive disorder? - Overwhelming sadness, despair, hopelessness, and the loss of an ability to experiencepleasure - Change in appetite, weight, sleep patterns, loss of energy and difficulty in thinking or concentrating 7. What are the characteristics of schizophrenia? - losing contact with reality, hallucinations, imaginary sensations, hearing voices, bodily sensations, delusions 8. Why is ADD diagnosed when children start school? - The inattentive, impulsive, and highly active behaviors stand out. Stands out because they don’t have the freedom to move from one engaging activity to another like at home. Chapter 13 1. What is the focus of insight therapy? - Self understanding 2. What is the focus of psychodynamic theory? - Repressed childhood experiences 3. What is the basic assumption of humanistic therapy? People have the ability and freedom to lead rational lives and make rational choices 4. What is the goal of Gestalt therapy? - Help the patient fully experience their thoughts, feelings, and actions and take responsibility for their behavior. 5. How do self help groups work? - A group of people who share a common problem and meet to give and receive support 6. What is CBT therapy? - Assumes that maladaptive behavior results from irrational thoughts, beliefs, and ideas 7. What is the relationship between links of therapy and improvements? - The longer a patient stayed in therapy, the more they improved SHORT ANSWER 1. Why are expressing feelings important for wellness? List and Define 4 maxims of emotions in examples? No one can cause feelings, they can only stimulate what is there EXAMPLE: anger from an earlier event is stimulated by being stuck in a traffic jam Every emotional reaction is telling us something about ourselves EXAMPLE: seeing a couple in love and feeling lonely We can learn to hide or repress emotion We may doubt others would understand We may fear our vulnerability will be used against us EXAMPLE: Sadness when an important and symbolic piece of jewelry is lost Repressed emotions don’t die. The body is a barometer of our feelings. We are programmed to repress feelings We “moralize” feelings Our values conflict with certain feelings EXAMPLE: repressing of anger over time can lead to an outburst over a small event 2. List and describe the family continuum of closeness and distance. List at least 4 traits of each. Closeness: care, love, support, group loyalty, family history. Disengaged: hostility, little family interaction, break up early, little caring Pseudo mutuality: appears to be close but there is no personal trust Pseudo hostility: appears distant, underlying loyalty and support 3. According to Timberlawn Study, what defines a healthy family? List and define 4 characteristics. Competent/ Healthy Parents keep growing Kids grow up, leave home become self sustaining Adequate Families One or both parents are stifled in their growth Kids grow up and leave home Faltering Families Parents stop growing Kids struggle; some make it, some don’t Dysfunctional families Stagnant, immature parents Kids carry the parents craziness 4. Define and Describe 4 examples of suffering Natural Suffering Ongoing process of nature Cycle of life, death and renewal, gain, loss Accepting natural suffering is a mark of maturity and a process of individualization EXAMPLE: Breaking up with your significant other, accepting it and moving on Developmental Suffering Personality and character and bodies require development Struggling and learning under guidance Its ego development Adapts to circumstance EXAMPLE: Learning to deal with a painful loss, such as a family pet, family member Neurotic Suffering Neurosis is a failure to… Learn to parent yourself Work on your issues Find the love that you missed Embrace your dreams Attend to your inner gold EXAMPLE: Never getting over a fear of dogs Transcendent Suffering “Pain leads to your purpose” To a larger reality, brings forth our true self EXAMPLE: Undergoing an experience you accredit to a higher power that changes your perspective 5. What is REBT (rational emotional behavioral therapy), how does it work?; list 3 of Ellis'irrational ideas; A directive form of psychotherapy developed by Albert Ellis and designed to challengeclients' irrational beliefs about themselves and others. Irrational ideas: o The idea that it is a dire necessity for adults to be loved by significant othersfor almost everything they do o 2. The idea that certain acts are awful or wicked, and that people who performsuch acts should be severely damned o 3. The idea that it is horrible when things are not the way we like them to be o 4. The idea that human misery is invariably externally caused and is forced onus by outside people and events o 5. The idea that if something is or may be dangerous or fearsome we should beterribly upset and endlessly obsesses about it. 6. What is CBT? List 3 of Beck's cognitive distortions with examples Therapies that assume maladaptive behavior can result from irrational thoughts, beliefs, and ideas. o Allornothing thinking: "If I don't get into an Ivy League school, I might as well not go to college at all." o Discounting the positive: "I only passed the exam, because I got lucky." o Labeling: "She's too stuck up to go out with a loser like me."
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