MU 2313 Test 1 Study Guide
MU 2313 Test 1 Study Guide 2313
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Marissa on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 2313 at Texas State University taught by Thomas Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 237 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Fine Arts in Music at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Mu 2313 Exam 1 Study Guide Musical notation 0 System of writing music so the composer can communicate to the performer the pitches and rhythms of the piece 0 Staff five parallel lines each line represents a pitch 0 Clef placed at beginning of each staff Symbols 0 Also called notes 0 Written on the staff the higher a note is placed the higher the pitch Criticism 0 Formal vs contextual Formal properties of the piece Contextual the meaning of the art 0 3 primary questions What is it What does it do What is it worth 0 Artisanship How or from what is the work crafted constructed How well was it executed Is it interesting 0 Communication What is the artist trying to say Does the artist succeed in getting the message across Was the artwork worth the effort Twodimensional art 0 Paintings drawings prints and photographs 0 Look at content subject media and composition Media 0 What is used to make the piece 0 Several types Hue Oil on canvas 0 More exibility can make changes rework Watercolor o Dries quicker few opportunities to make changes Acrylic 0 Dry faster than oils not as thin as watercolors Photograph Photogram 0 Uses photo paper to create image 0 Basic colors of the spectrum Value 0 The grayness or whiteness of a color 0 Scale of light to dark the shade of color Foreshortening 0 When the scope of the painting is shortened o A linear perspective that shows depth of space Sculpture 0 Full Round I Can view from all angles 0 Relief I Protrudes from a at surface 0 Low relief doesn t extend far 0 High relief extends far 0 Linear I Uses wiretubing 0 Texture ie in sculpture o The surface of a sculpture o Polished rough etc that adds detail 0 Architecture ie post amp lintel vault skeleton balloon etc 0 Post amp lintel laying horizontal pieces lintels across vertical supports posts 0 Arch provides large interior space 0 Vaults arches joined end to end I Groin vault vaults cross at right angles I Ribbed vault diagonal juncture of arches as in a tunnel vault o Domes concentric arches Bearing wall the wall supports itself the oors and roof 0 Skeleton uses framework to support building walls attach to frame I Balloon when skeleton framing makes use of wood as in house construction I Steelcage when metal forms the frame as in skyscrapers O 0 Symphony o A large ensemble 0 Opera 0 Singer accompanied by ensemble comedy or tragedy combines theater and music 0 String quartet o 4 instruments 2 violin 1 viola 1 cello o Timbre 0 Tone quality of a sound 0 Ballet 0 Prescribed movements 0 En pointe dance on their toes o Tutu allows audience to see the movement of the legs 0 Modern dance 0 Symbolic 0 Less graceful even mechanic movements 0 Close to the ground 0 Cinema 0 Narrative I Tells a story 0 Documentary I Record events as they occur I Includes interviews first person 0 Absolute I No real purpose provides an experience I Exists for its own sake for record of movement or form I Created piece by piece 0 Paleolithic vs Neolithic o Paleolithic first stage of human culture humans discovered fire hunting amp gathering lifestyle o Neolithic second stage of human culture people began settling down in small villages agriculture stone tools and pottery Cuneiform amp hieroglyphics o Developed symbols to represent sounds of words 0 Gave rise to literature 0 Cuneiform Sumerian hieroglyphics Egyptian Pyramid o Iconic symbols 0 Proof of their existence leaving their mark 0 Ties to religion body had to be preserved for afterlife take all of their belongings with them Code of the Hammurabi 0 Established a legal system 0 Punishment equal if people were of the same social standing 0 Punishment for slaves was more severe Kouros and kore o Kourous male nude 0 Kore female clothed Contrapposto 0 Body parts are arranged in such a way to show movement 0 Weight shifted to one leg legs stand apart Minos o Technologically advanced society 0 Art brightly colored nature theme 0 Advanced architecture murals columns I Creates the Myth of the Minotaur Modes 0 Scales arrangement of pitches each have a name and particular sound 0 corresponding day of the week deity and planet Doctrine of Ethos 0 Music in uence moods and behaviors Aesthetics 0 Branch of philosophy the nature of beauty and art and their relation to human beings Orders of ancient greek architecture 0 Doric I oldest style wide base plain top 0 Ionic I narrow sits on a base scroll on top 0 Corinthian I most narrow most elegant leaf decoration on top Classicism vs Hellenism o Classicism period in Ancient Greece art showed the idealized athletic form 0 Hellenism period after Classicism art shows emotion individual characteristics Persian War 0 Between Persia and Greece 0 Battle of the Marathon I Greek messenger ran 262 miles from Marathon to Athens to announce a Greek victory 0 Battle of Thermopylae I 1000 Greek soldiers led by 300 Spartans held Persians off at a narrow pass called the Hot Gatequot held off 10000 Persians killed before Greek reinforcements arrived 0 Battle of Platea I 479 BCE Greek army ultimately defeats Persia Peloponnesian War 0 Sparta vs Athens 0 Sparta small citystate strong military 0 Athens large citystate wealthy focus on philosophy and art 0 Spartans win battle but Athens resumes their usual business Sparta doesn t have enough people to occupy Athens so both sides win Polyclitus o Sculptor of Lance Bearer 0 Favorite sculptor of Alexander the Great Engaged columns 0 Seen at the legs of arches 0 Not structurally necessary adds detail decorative Sarcophagi 0 Stone coffins notable type of Roman sculpture Iulian calendar 0 Early version of the modern calendar we use today Iurisprudence 0 Roman technique for deciding how general laws could be applied to specific cases Fresco 0 Painting on wet plaster that become a permanent part of the wall surface Trompe l oeil o to trick the eyequot 0 Paint a room so that it looks larger than it really is Roman architecture 0 Colosseum I Example of arch work I Engaged columns 0 Pantheon I Oculus hole in center that lets in light and other elements I Dome structure post amp lintel Corinthian columns 0 Trajan s column I Combines art and architecture I Shows scenes of his military successes o Aqueduct I Carries water from one place to another I Composed of many arches o Triumphal arches I Commemorate military leaders successes Decalogue o The Ten Commandments Division of the Roman empire 0 2 halves East and West 0 Each part had an Augustus and a Caesar 0 Division called tetrarchy Monotheismpolytheism o Monotheism one god o Polytheism many gods 0 David 0 Played the lyre for King Saul 0 His popularity surpassed Saul Sault thinks David is planning an uprising o Saul tries to kill David 0 David defeats Saul and unifies the 12 Hebrew tribes 0 Of Nazareth Iew 0 Message love God and your neighbor o Advocated on behalf of poor downtrodden amp socially outcast o Mohammed 0 Prophet that founded the Islamic faith 0 Advocated compassion care for the downtrodden etc o Brotherhood of the faithful 0 Early Christianity and the Romans 0 Banned by Diocletian I Publicly killed Christians which had a backlash effect and created martyrs o Legalized by Constantine o Mosaic 0 Composed of tile or broken glass 0 Decorative work for walls oors ceilings o Hajj o A Muslim s sacred pilgrimage to Mecca 0 One of five religious duties 0 Iconoclast 0 Opposed to the use of religious icons in worship demanded they be removed 0 Believed the icons represented false gods perverting the worship of God 0 icondestroyerquot o Constantinople 0 Created by Constantine the Great 0 Capital of eastern division of Roman Empire 0 Later becomes Byzantium 0 Division in the Muslim faith 0 Elements of Iudaism and Christianity 0 Compassion care for the downtrodden etc o Brotherhood of the faithful 0 Division in the Christian faith 0 Tertullian and Legalism I Tertullian banned from Catholic church due to his apocalyptic beliefs I Spirit is indivisible and indestructible I The Holy Trinity I Fear of God I 7 deadly sins 0 St Augustine and NeoPlatonism I Views art through the lens of Christianity I Art justified when re ecting the tenets of the faith 0 Kritios Boy 0 Greek Archaic period 0 Chi Rho o Earliest Christian symbol 0 Greek letters x and p were the first letter of the word Christos or Christ Temple ofAthena Nike 0 Ionic style 0 Hellenistic period Temple of the Olympian Zeus o Corinthian style 0 Hellenistic period Hydraulos 0 Water organ 0 Used water and pumped air to create sound 0 Played at the Colosseum Roman Coliseum 0 Many arches engaged columns 0 Place for entertainment gladiators animal fights blood sport 0 Also gathered to hear music The Lance Bearer 0 Greek classical period 0 Idealized athletic form weight shifted to show sense of movement 0 Created by Polyclitus Haggia Sophia 0 Originally a Christian site then Islam took over and converted it to a mosque Dome of the Rock 0 1St major example of Islamic architecture 0 Distinguished by the mosaic style and dome on top The Fates aka Elgin s Marbles 0 Greek classical period 0 Clothed but doesn t conceal the female form more revealing than earlier art Pantheon 0 Front has heavy Greek detail Corinthian columns post amp lintel architecture 0 Dome structure 0 Oculus in center hole that allows in light and other elements Laocob n and his Two Sons 0 Greek Hellenistic period 0 Facial expression is very emotional pain desperation o Depicts both the physical and emotional struggle
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