The chemical bases of behavior: neurotransmitters and neurophramacology
The chemical bases of behavior: neurotransmitters and neurophramacology PSY 2501 - 002
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This 1 page Study Guide was uploaded by Upasana Raja on Wednesday March 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 2501 - 002 at Temple University taught by Sheree Logue (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see FOUNDATIONS OF BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE in Psychlogy at Temple University.
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Date Created: 03/09/16
Chap4- The Chemical Bases of Behavior: Neurotransmitter and Neuropharmacology Neurochemistry: The branch of neuroscience concerned with the fundamental chemical composition and processes of the nervous system Neuropharmacology a.k.a. Psychopharmacology: The scientific field concerned with the discovery and study of compounds that selectively affect the functioning of the nervous system Amine Neurotransmitter: A neurotransmitter based on modifications of a single amino acid nucleus Example: Acetylcholine, Serotonin, or Dopamine Peptide Neurotransmitter: A neurotransmitter consisting of a short chain of amino acid Amino Acid Neurotransmitter: A neurotransmitter that is itself an amino acid Example: GABA, Glycine, or Glutamate Gas Neurotransmitter: A soluble gas, such as nitric oxide or carbon monoxide, that is produced or released by neuron to alter the functioning of another neuron Receptor a.k.a. Receptor Molecule: A protein that captures and reacts to molecules of a neurotransmitter or hormone Ionotropic Receptor: A receptor protein that includes an ion channel that is opened when the receptor is bound by an agonist Metabotropic Receptor: A receptor protein that does not contain an ion channel but may, when activated, use a G protein system to open a nearby ion channel Receptor Subtype: Any type of receptor having functional characteristic that distinguish it from other type of receptors for the same neurotransmitter
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