New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psychopathology Exam #2 Study Guide

by: Kenedy Ramos

Psychopathology Exam #2 Study Guide 20732

Marketplace > Gonzaga University > Psychlogy > 20732 > Psychopathology Exam 2 Study Guide
Kenedy Ramos
Gonzaga University
GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes will cover what is on our next exam
Dr. Fernandez
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Psychopathology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kenedy Ramos on Wednesday March 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 20732 at Gonzaga University taught by Dr. Fernandez in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Psychopathology in Psychlogy at Gonzaga University.

Similar to 20732 at Gonzaga University

Popular in Psychlogy


Reviews for Psychopathology Exam #2 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/09/16
Psychopathology Exam #2 Study Guide Bipolar & Depressive Disorders & Suicide Describe the difference between manic & depressive episodes Depressive episode is when five or more of the following symptoms are present for a 2 week period:  depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day; markedly diminished interest in all or almost all,  activities most of the day nearly every day; significant weight loss/gain or change in appetite nearly every  day; insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day; psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day;  fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day; feelings of worthlessness or excessive/inappropriate guilty nearly  every day; diminished ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness, nearly every day’ recurrent thoughts of suicide, recurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan, or a suicide attempt or a specific plan for  committing suicide Manic episode is when a person have a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated,  expansive or irritable mood and persistently increased goal­directed activity/energy, last at least a week and  present more of the day nearly every day and three or more of the following symptoms are to a significant  degree and represent noticeable change from usual behavior: increased self­esteem; decreased need for  sleep; more talkative/pressured speech; flight of ideas/thoughts racing; distractibility; increase in goal­ directed activity or psychomotor agitation; excessive involvement in activities that have high potential for  painful consequences What is the difference between Bipolar I and Bipolar II. Bipolar 1 involves having at least one manic episode which may have been preceded by and may be  followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes Bipolar 2 is defined by he presence of recurrent depressive episodes and one or more hypomanic  episodes What are the features of persistent depressive disorder and cyclothymia? Persistent depressive disorder is defined by having a depressed mood most of the day more days than not, as indicated by either subjective account or observation by others for at least 2 years and includes  having two or more of the following symptoms: poor appetite or overeating; insomnia/hypersomnia; low  energy or fatigue; low self­esteem; poor concentration or difficulty making decisions; feelings of hopelessness Cyclothymia is a disorder where there have been numerous periods with hypomanic sxs and  depressive sxs that do not meet criteria for an episode for at least two years  Understand how persistent depressive disorder and major depressive disorder relate and also how they differ. Similar sxs but major depressive disorder has good days and very bad ones in which they sink lower  than their normal mood significantly while persistent depressive disorder is where the patient is consistently  at an overall sad/depressed mood almost all of their days Describe the general relationship between depression and anxiety; what is similar and what distinguishes them.  Depression and anxiety have high comorbidity with each other. Depressive and anxiety disorders  both  Understand the facts & risk factors related to suicide. Risk factors include history in the family, preexisting mood disorders, alcohol or drug abuse,  stressful life events experienced as shameful or humiliating Describe the biological (e.g., low levels of serotonin, etc.) explanations of mood disorders. What are the theories  associated with biological explanation that were discussed? Stress hypothesis – overactive HPA axis/cortisol which stimulates increased anxiety in patients, also  suppressed hippocampal neurogenesis Describe the psychological explanations (Beck’s coping styles, cognitive triad, negative schemas, etc.) of mood  disorders. Beck: Depressed persons engage in cognitive errors: arbitrary inference – draw a negative  conclusions without evidence to support this conclusion or overgeneralization where negatives apply to all  situations, cognitive triad includes the view of oneself, the world and experiences, and view of the future, all  this combined and negative schemas can create a perfect storm for mood disorders Understand gender considerations in the prevalence of Bipolar & Depressive Disorders. Women in society have more standards than men do – correlates with the higher ratio of women to  men of having mood disorders around the world What are the general classes of medication treatment for Bipolar & Depressive Disorders, including the pros and  cons? Tricyclics, Monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and SSRIs: some can take longer and some have lethal  side effects But there are higher efficacy and fewer side effects Understand Learned Helplessness along negative coping styles in their explanation of the development and/or  treatment of mood disorders.  Learned helplessness can be attributed to depression and coping styles  Somatoform Disorders  Describe the diagnostic features and differences of somatic symptom disorder, illness anxiety disorder, and  conversion disorder.  If subtypes were discussed understand the differences.  Understand the risk factors as discussed for the above diagnosis.  Somatic Sxs Disorder: One or more of the following sxs: excessive thoughts, feelings, or behaviors  related to the somatic sxs, disproportionate and persistent thoughts about the seriousness of one’s sxs,  persistently high level of anxiety about health or sxs, excessive time and energy devoted to these sxs, and  these sxs must last more than 6 months HIGH FOCUSED ON SXS Illness Anxiety Dis.: preoccupation of having or acquiring a serious illness, somatic sxs are not  present or are mild, high level of anxiety about health, excessive health related behaviors/maladaptive  avoidance and must last more than six months HIGH FOCUS ON DISEASE Conversions Dis. One or more of the following sxs: clinical findings provide evidence of  incompatibility btwn sxs and recognized neurological conditions, sxs or deficits causes clinically significant  distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas, results in discharge of anxiety, ex/  weakness or paralysis, abnormal movement, swallowing sxs, speech sxs, attacks or seizures,  anesthesia/sensory loss, special sensory like vision, smelling or hearing, mixed type – acute episode less than  6months, persistent lasts longer than 6 months What is meant by factitious disorders and malingering; how are they the same/different? Both sxs are voluntarily and intentional, bu factitious only gain is to assume sick role and can involve family members while malingering include multiple secondary gain issues (like money, time of work etc) Dissociative Disorders Be able to identify and exclude the diagnostic criteria for DID. Disruption of identity characterized by two or more distinct personality states which may be  described in some cultures as an experience of possession – related alterations include in affect, behavior,  consciousness, memory, perception, cognition and or sensory­motor functioning, also recurrent gaps in the  recall of every day events, personal info and or traumatic events etc. Describe key factors/theories related to the origin/development/etiology of DID.  Thought that the multiple different personalities were different ways of coping with trauma, most  common in children exposed to long­term physical, sexual, or emotional abuse – natural tendency to escape  or dissociate from persistent stress and or suffering What are the risk factors and ages associated with development? ^ What treatment options were discussed for DID? Associated with PTSD treatment, need to be very careful when in therapy because the personalities  each need to be coaxed out of the primary personality in order to neutralize them all Eating Disorders What are the diagnostic criteria and features of bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa; be able to understand and  identify what differentiates them from one another? Bulimia ner.: reccurent episodes of binge eating, larger amount than normal, sense of lack of control, recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain Anorexia ner.: restriction of energy intake relative to requirements leading to a significant decrease  in body weight, intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat or persistent behavior that interferes with  weight gain, disturbance in one’s body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body weight or  shape on self­evaluation What factors {cultural, social (friends), media, psychological} are theorized to be significant in the  development/risk factors/etiology of eating disorders?  Society and pop culture pressure on women to be a certain size, friends and family than can also be  influenced  What factors are associated with the promotion of dieting in adolescent girls? If young women diet, they are more likely to become obese or overweight than those who don’t What aspects of treatment are involved in working with people who have bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa?  What is most important to address in therapy and what is most resistant to change? Lots of therapy, starts off with regaining weight – food journals can be involved – address beliefs  about weight and dieting, also harmful attempts to control weight and methods to compensate – educate the  physical consequences, ineffectiveness, planned meals etc. What are the general features of binge­eating disorder? Recurrent episodes of binge eating, eating in a discrete period of time, an amount of food that is  definitively larger than what most would eat in similar period of time similar circumstances, sense of lack of  control, episodes include three or more of the following: eating much more rapidly than normal, eating until  feeling uncomfortably full, eating large amounts of food when not feeling physically hungry, eating alone  because feeling embarrassed by how much one is eating, feeling gross/disgusted afterwards or very guilty


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.