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by: ayanhassan


Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > History > > TheLogicofAmericanPoliticsChap5review pdf
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chapter 5 exam review for The Logics of American Politics Exam on 3/13/2016!!! I hope this is of benefit to viewers.
POLS 2311
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Date Created: 03/09/16
th The Logic of American Politics, 7  Edition Test Bank Chapter 5 (some questions missing because I deleted some) 38 here and important concepts; thus this  chapter will be weighted more important. 4. Advances in national civil liberties policy have frequently involved a. simply majoritarian decision making such as the ballot initiative process. b. undermining the constraints of the Constitution. c. reigning in majorities that assert their prerogatives over the objections of individuals and groups who  did not wish to conform to prevailing social norms and rules. d. reigning minorities that assert their prerogatives despite the objections of majorities. 5. Which branch of the federal government is designed to play a key role protecting civil liberties in the  United States? a. Legislative b. Executive c. Judicial d. Federal 6. What are the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution called? a. Bill of Liberties b. Incorporated rights c. Bill of Rights d. Decile provision 8. Which of the following best describes the language of the Bill of Rights? a. It seems generally clear and unequivocal but sometimes is ambiguous. b. It allows wide latitude to politicians who want to change its constitutionally protected liberties. c. It is never in conflict with other equally clear constitutional provisions. d. It is so vague as to be meaningless until either Congress or the Supreme Court expands and defines its  meaning. 10. In Federalist No. 84 Alexander Hamilton poses the question, “Why declare that things shall not be  done which there is no power to do?” He was expressing which of the following concerns? a. That the federal government would go too far in protecting civil rights b. That the people would have too much freedom c. That the Supreme Court would overrule Congress d. That a list of rights in the Constitution might imply that the federal government had the authority to  restrict the freedoms not expressly protected 11. What is the name of the process that uses the Fourteenth Amendment to make the Bill of Rights  binding on the actions of state governments and not just the federal government? a. Enumeration b. Incorporation c. Socialization d. Polarization 12. Although the Antifederalists lost their battle against ratification of the Constitution, which of the  following is true? a. They ultimately prevailed when the Court struck it down. b. They salvaged a major political concession in the Bill of Rights, which is their chief legacy to future  generations of Americans. c. They were able to achieve their political goals by winning all of the early Senate elections. d. They ultimately prevailed when they orchestrated the impeachment of John Marshall. 13. In 1833, in the case of Barron v. Baltimore, the Supreme Court reasoned that the whole thrust of the  Bill of Rights was a. directed exclusively at restraining state power. b. directed at restraining federal and state power equally. c. advisory in nature, directed at neither the federal government nor the states. d. directed exclusively at restraining federal power. 14. A unified national citizenship is provided for in the Constitution a. in the national citizen clause of Article I. b. only by implication. c. in the first sentence of the Fourteenth Amendment. d. expressly in the Declaration of Independence. 15. The second sentence of the Fourteenth Amendment, which includes both the “equal protection clause” and the “due process clause,” means in part that a. states are equally protected from the federal government dictating the process through which taxes are  paid when due. b. all persons enjoy the same civil liberties and rights, which the states cannot deny without following  reasonable, legally established procedures applied equally to everyone. c. all citizens enjoy the same civil liberties and rights that the states cannot deny without following  reasonable, federally established procedures applied equally to all citizens and enforced through the  federal marshals program. d. all persons enjoy the same civil liberties and rights that the federal government cannot deny without  following reasonable procedures established by the states and applied as each state sees fit to all citizens. 16. In the 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases, the Supreme Court stated that ____________________ would  “fetter and degrade the State governments by subjecting them to the control of Congress.” a. the establishment of the Food and Drug Administration b. the broad application of the Fourteenth Amendment to state policy c. the president’s executive order concerning butchers in New Orleans d. the Emancipation Proclamation 18. The first provision of the Bill of Rights to be incorporated by the Supreme Court into the Fourteenth  Amendment’s due process clause was a. the Fifth Amendment’s ban on taking private property without just compensation. b. the equal protection clause. c. the Ninth Amendment’s right to privacy. d. the Sixth Amendment’s right to a jury trial when accused of a felony. 19. From the 1920s through the 1940s, the Supreme Court incorporated into the due process clause of the  Fourteenth Amendment the First Amendment freedoms, which include a. the right to an attorney when arrested. b. the right to avoid quartering soldiers. c. speech, press, and religion. d. the right to bear arms. 20. In part, the incorporation decisions handed down by the Supreme Court since 1925 have done which  of the following? a. Severely limited the ability of individuals to seek redress in federal court for violations of their  constitutional rights b. Caused a dramatic decrease in the size of the civil liberties docket of the Supreme Court c. Forced the states to amend their own constitutions to be more like the Constitution d. Offered new opportunities for litigation and have generated the dramatic growth in the civil liberties  docket of the Supreme Court 22. The Bill of Rights has, during the twentieth century a. gradually by incorporation, come to be accepted as national policy that applies to every level of  government. b. been so seriously restricted that most civil liberties are primarily protected by state law. c. been incorporated into each state constitution so that all 50 states now actually have the exact language  of the Bill of Rights amended onto each state constitution. d. become unimportant as rights no longer cause much political discord. 23. How has Madison’s vision of the national government as the ultimate guarantor of individual rights  fared throughout the years? a. It has never been realized. b. It has been successfully discredited by the Supreme Court. c. It has largely been shown to be inaccurate by state action. d. It has largely been realized. 24. Incorporation of provisions of the Bill of Rights into the Fourteenth Amendment occurred through  which of the following? a. Judicial interpretation b. Legislative mandate c. The amendment process d. State constitutional conventions 25. Judicial decisions regarding civil liberties a. are almost always unanimous since the language of the Bill of Rights is clear. b. reveal the personal and political ideologies of the justices so judicial doctrine can change as justices  come and go from the bench. c. are remarkably consistent over time. d. demonstrate that judges have the capability to ignore their personal and political ideologies and make  the right decision. 26. Which of the following statements about judicial ideology and civil liberties is most accurate? a. Judicial ideology allows elected officeholders to keep the judiciary from straying too far from the  majority opinion in the country. b. The lack of advice and consent gives the President the ability to bend the Supreme Court to his will on  matters of civil liberties. c. Judicial ideology is unimportant because there is broad support for civil liberties in the United States. d. Judges are unpredictable in the patterns of voting so it makes it very hard for the other branches of the  government to predict what the Supreme Court might do. 27. The Roberts Court a. has been distinguished by a growing trend of deciding cases involving civil liberties unanimously. b. has been distinguished by deciding relatively few civil liberties cases. c. has been distinguished by deciding many cases involving civil liberties with a conservative 5–4  majority. d. has been distinguished by deciding many cases involving civil liberties with a liberal 5–4 majority. 29. The “criminal anarchy” for which Benjamin Gitlow was arrested and convicted was which of the  following? a. Violently resisting the draft b. Committing arson c. Organizing labor strikes d. Attempting to assassinate a New York senator 30. Although in Gitlow v. New York, the Supreme Court established the Fourteenth Amendment’s  jurisdiction over the states, when it came to free speech, which of the following was also true? a. The Court soon expressed regret for the decision because the freed defendant, Benjamin Gitlow, started a violent riot with one of his speeches. b. The State of New York declined to follow the ruling by the Supreme Court order and executed Gitlow. c. Defendant Gitlow’s nomination to the Supreme Court some twenty­five years later was defeated  because of his early activism. d. Defendant Gitlow still had his state­level conviction upheld and went to prison. 31. The “clear and probable danger” test a. requires the Supreme Court to consider all factors when determining whether speech should be  restricted. b. requires the Supreme Court to consider whether the gravity of the evil discounted by its probability  justifies the invasion of free speech. c. requires the Supreme Court to consider speech protected unless the probability is so high that the act  will occur. d. requires the Supreme Court to restrict political speech if it presents any kind of danger to public safety. 32. The Supreme Court has held all of the following to be expression protected by the First Amendment  except which of the following? a. Wearing black armbands b. Burning the American flag c. Obscenity d. Protesting at military funerals 35. The case of Miller v. California reformulated the standard for obscenity and did which of the  following? a. It shifted primary authority for obscenity policy back to the states and, implicitly, to local governments. b. It removed state and local government authority for determining obscenity policy. c. It upheld the federal Child Online Protection Act. d. It established barriers to the transnational transmission of pornography on the Internet. 37. An independent press plays an indispensable role in maintaining a representative democracy for  which of the following reasons? a. Because it is typically run by the journalistic elite, who are better equipped to know for whom to vote  than the average citizen. b. Without reliable information about the performance of officeholders, citizens would be hard­pressed to  monitor their agents, and politicians would find it difficult to communicate with their constituents. c. Because otherwise consumers have few opportunities to be exposed to commercial print ads. d. Because the government has elaborate authority to initiate prior restraint. 38. Although the First Amendment guarantees the freedom of religion, before independence which of the  following was true? a. Many of the early colonies designated official churches that believers and nonbelievers alike were  forced to attend and support with taxes. b. The freedom of religion was guaranteed in the last paragraph of the Articles of Confederation. c. The freedom of religion was guaranteed in the Fourteenth Amendment of the Articles of Confederation. d. There were so few different religions that the colonists felt that there was no need for such protections. 39. Which of the following is true about the religious freedom provision of the First Amendment? a. It established official churches in the early colonies. b. It has been limited by the Fourteenth Amendment. c. It applied restrictions on the states and the national government as soon as it was ratified. d. It prohibits Congress from passing any legislation “respecting an establishment of religion, or  prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” 40. Madison and Jefferson both subscribed to the view that the First Amendment erects a “wall of  separation between church and state” a. but this is only one interpretation, as separation is not mentioned in the Constitution itself. b. but all of the other Founders were clear and unequivocal that the government was grounded in and  relied on Judeo­Christian religious doctrine. c. although the Constitution specifically calls for the federal promotion of “religious values.” d. but the Supreme Court has never addressed government entanglement in religion. 41. Which of the following is true about the religious freedom provision of the First Amendment, which  prohibits any legislation respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof? a. It has never been incorporated into the Fourteenth Amendment. b. It confirms that the country was founded as a Christian nation. c. It requires the states to tax churches and other major religious institutions at the same rate as  businesses. d. It at first only applied to actions of the federal government. 42. The Lemon test was designed to a. determine whether the federal government had established religion. b. determine whether the federal government prevented the free exercise of religion. c. determine whether the First Amendment could regulate obscenity. d. determine whether a fair public trial occurred. 44. The free exercise clause of the First Amendment has been interpreted to allow which of the  following? a. Door­to­door solicitations but not animal sacrifice b. Animal sacrifice and door­to­door solicitations c. Animal sacrifice but not door­to­door solicitations d. Neither the ingestion of peyote nor door­to­door solicitations 47. The Supreme Court has interpreted the Fourth Amendment to allow for police searches and seizures  of evidence without a warrant under all of the following circumstances, except for which of the  following? a. When searching to ensure evidence is not lost b. When the search occurs in “hot pursuit” of a suspect in the act of committing a crime c. When using a thermal imaging device to conduct a blanket sweep of neighborhoods to search for  basement marijuana fields d. When searching with the consent of the suspect 48. Despite the Fifth Amendment’s ban on self­incrimination, a witness can be compelled to testify  against himself under which of the following circumstances? a. If accused of treason b. When there is a clear and present danger to the public if the defendant refused to testify c. If granted immunity from prosecution d. When prosecuted by the federal government for a state crime 49. The effect of the Supreme Court’s decision in Gideon v. Wainwright has been to a. prevent those accused of a crime from being forced to give a confession. b. ensure that defendants in criminal cases have the right to counsel through all stages of the legal  process. c. limit the admission of evidence at trial that was illegally collected. d. prevent the use of the death penalty because it is cruel and unusual punishment. 50. The Supreme Court has held the death penalty to be which of the following? a. Cruel and unusual under the Eighth Amendment, which means it is unconstitutional b. Constitutional throughout the history of the country c. Constitutional for the federal government but cruel and unusual for the states to carry out d. Constitutional since 1976 after the State of Georgia separated trials from sentencing so juries could  consider aggravating and mitigating circumstances 51. The constitutional right to privacy is to be found in the Constitution’s penumbras, which are best  defined as a. implicit zones of protected privacy rights on which the existence of explicit rights depend. b. those rights that are explicitly set forth in the Bill of Rights. c. those rights incorporated into the Constitution from the state constitutions. d. those explicit rights contained in the Fourteenth Amendment. 52. Which of the following is true about the Supreme Court’s 1973 opinion in Roe v. Wade? a. It was the first case to recognize a constitutional right to privacy. b. It was the first time the Court had ruled on any issue regarding the decision of an individual to bear a  child. c. It legalized abortion despite the fact that all fifty states at the time had laws prohibiting abortions. d. It ended abortion’s varying legality across the states.


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