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History Final Exam Study Guide1. Identify the author or document of the following primary source quote:"I fear all wehave done is awaken a sleeping giant and filled him with a terrible resolve." Admiral Yamamoto, 19412. About _______ Americans served in uniform during WWII: 16 million3. By 1945, women made up ________________ of the workforce on the homefront. more than one third (By 1945, women made up more than one third of the workforce on the homefront.)4. The vast majority of Nazi Germany's war casualties occurred on the Eastern Front.5. Which of the following does NOT describe an aspect of the impact of World War IIon American society?It brought recovery from the stagnation and unemployment of the Great Depression.Military life served as a melting pot, as well as taking Americans far from home.Women found new economic opportunities despite little change in gender attitudes.Women and minorities felt resentment at being barred from military service. Women and minorities felt resentment at being barred from military service.6. Identify the author or document of the following primary source quote:" I worked inbuilding number 11. I pulled a lot of gadgets on a machine. The shell slid under and powder went into it. Another lever you pulled tamped it down. Then it moved on a conveyor belt to another building where the detonator was dropped in. You did this over and over." Peggy Terry7.Collectively the Allies, despite early defeats, enjoyed significant strengths that would bring victory in the long haul, including all EXCEPT: a professed public commitment to Wilsonian ideals that managed to sustain morale.8.Which of the following nations was not present at the first organizational meeting of the United Nations in San Francisco in April 1945? Germany (The United Nations organization had emerged out of the community of World War II allies, including its most powerful members: the United States, Great Britain, China, and the Soviet Union.)9.The neutrality legislation of the 1930s was based on the assumption that the United States could keep out of war by banning arms sales to countries at war.10.To assist Great Britain after the fall of France in 1940, President Roosevelt devised ways to provide aid without going to war.11.FDR's "Four Freedoms" included all of the following except the Freedom of Choice.12.Japan's military leaders called their own imperial vision of Asia the Great East Asia CoProsperity Sphere (After the League of Nations protested Japan's invasion of Manchuria, it simply left the international body and declared itself as the center of a Great East Asia CoProsperity Sphere, which they went on to control with military force.)13. What did President Franklin D. Roosevelt promise American voters in his reelection campaign of 1940? The United States would become "the great arsenal for democracy." (The president promised voters that rather than fight, the United States would become the "great arsenal of democracy.")14. The most decorated unit in U.S. military history was the: 442nd Regimental Combat Team15. Key blunder of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor: declaration of war was not
submitted prior to attack16. Which of the following nations provided support to the leftleaning Spanish Republic defending itself against the military coup of fascist Generalissimo Francisco Franco from 1936 to 1939? the Soviet Union (Only t)he Soviet Union and Mexico aided Spain's fledgling democracy, which was not sufficient and could not prevent the rise of Franco's fascist dictatorship.17. June 6, 1944, was the date of Operation Overlord, the Allied attack across the EnglishChannel.18.Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence? Executive Order 8802; Attack on Pearl Harbor; Battle of Midway; Bombing of Hiroshima19.Which of the following best describes African American participation in the armed forces during World War II? African Americans joined despite racial discrimination and prejudice. (Despite racial discrimination and prejudice, more than a million black men and women served in the armed forces during World War II.)20.By the end of the war, Americans' average income jumped to nearly twice what it had been in 1939.21.The battle that turned the tide against the Nazis on the eastern front in early 1943: Battle of Stalingrad22. Identify the author or document of the following primary source quote:"Men, I would have never asked for you if you weren't good. I have nothing but the best in my army. I don't care what color you are, so long as you go up there and kill those Kraut sonsabitches." Gen. Patton to the 761st Tank Battalion23. Why did the German Luftwaffe begin to strike targets in England in the summer of 1940? German bombers were supposed to prepare a ground invasion. (In the summer of 1940, German fighters and bombers struck targets in England. In what came to be known as the Battle of Britain, Hitler sought to soften up England for a German invasion.)24. Identify the author or document of the following primary source quote:"The Japanese Race is an enemy race and while many second and third generation Japanese born on American soil, possessed of US citizenship, have become Americanized, the racial strains are undiluted." Gen. John Dewitt25. Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers' Party embraced all of the following except: Communism. (Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers' Party embraced a totalitarian government, racism and antiSemitism, and territorial expansion, but it was not a Communist government, despite the party's title.)26. America's basic cold war strategy emerged when the Truman administration adopted the recommendations of U.S. diplomat and Soviet specialist George Kennan. This strategy is known as the containment doctrine.27. In 1959, vice president Richard Nixon and Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev engaged in _______ at the American National Exhibition in Moscow. the kitchen debate28. Several factors explain the rise of the cold war. Which of the following does NOT describe these factors? economic: both the U.S. and USSR were economically devastated after World War II29. The Korean War was an example of all the following except: appeasement30. Identify the author or document of the following primary source quote:"Two thousand years ago the proudest boast was 'civis Romanus sum.' Today, in the world of freedom,
the proudest boast is 'Ich bin ein Berliner.' Some say that communism is the wave of the future. Let them come to Berlin [...] Freedom has many difficulties and democracy is not perfect, but we have never had to put up a wall to keep our people in, to prevent them from leaving us [...] All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words 'Ich bin ein Berliner." John F. Kennedy, 196331. Identify the author or document of the following primary source quote:"It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures [...] Should we fail to aid Greece and Turkey in this fateful hour, the effect will be farreaching to the West as well as to the East." President Truman, March 194732. Which of the following was a practical benefit of humanitarian aid to Western Europeans? As Europeans recovered, so would their interest in buying American goods. (Secretary of State George Marshall did not emphasize the antiCommunist strategy in his plan, but he believed that humanitarian aid would also recover European demand for American goods.)33. To end the Cuban Missile Crisis the superpowers pledged to all the following except: USSR not intervene in Vietnam34. Which of the following events stunned Americans in 1957? the Soviet launch of the Sputnik satellite (In 1957, Soviets stunned America by orbiting the first space satellite, dubbed Sputnik.)35. The Gulf of Tonkin resolution, as passed by Congress, authorized President Johnson to take all necessary measures to repel attacks on U.S. forces.36. General MacArthur was relieved of his command in Korea because he publicly opposed Truman's policy of limited war in Korea.37. Which of the following best assesses the outcome of the Korean War? Korea remained divided, almost as it had been in 1950. (On July 27, 1953, Communist and United Nations forces signed the armistice ending its "police action." But Korea remained divided, more or less along the same lines as when the war had begun in 1950.)38. Identify the document or author of the following primary source quote:"All men are created equal. They are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. This immortal statement was made in the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America in 1776.In a broader sense, this means: All the peoples on the earth are equal from birth, all the peoples have a right to live, to be happy and free. . . . For these reasons, we, members of the Provisional Government, declare that from now on we break off all relations of a colonial character with France." Ho Chi Minh, 194539. Among the "shocks of 1949" was the fall of China to Mao Zedong's Communists.40. The Berlin Wall remained standing1961198941. Why did the United States discourage Ngo Dinh Diem from abiding by the Geneva Accords and hold nationwide elections in 1956? They feared Ho Chi Minh's broad popularity.42. What did the secretary of state offer in his Marshall Plan? to provide financial aid to rebuild Europe's wartorn economies43. How have most historians assessed the real threat the Soviet Union posed to the UnitedStates after World War II? Historians have argued that American policymakers
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School: California State University Long Beach
Course: U.S. History 1865-Present
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: history, History173, and Studyguide
Name: History 173 Final Exam Study Guide
Description: I have all the quiz question/answers and study guide/essay questions and answers.