STHM study guide; exam --> 9/23/15
STHM study guide; exam --> 9/23/15 STHM 1113
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sara Will on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to STHM 1113 at Temple University taught by Altschuler, Benjamin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 93 views. For similar materials see THE BUSINESS OF LEISURE in Recreation and Leisure Studies at Temple University.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
STHM STUDYGUIDE FOR EXAM held on 92315 Everything from 82815 up until 91615 EXAM on 923 15 1 Define Leisure 2 Define Recreation 3 Define Play 4 on average how much money do Americans spend a year on leisure 5 What some examples of different types of leisure 6 importance should never be equated with 7 in the industrial age people defined themselves through what 8 Define leisure ethic 9 Define purple leisure 10 examples of purple leisure 11 4 things leisure is utilized by 1 2 3 4 12 what are some examples of things that are changing constantly over time 13 There are general leisure benefits such as a improved condition b prevention of condition c psychological realization d and others e EXPLAIN WHAT EACH OF THESE MEAN quotMMMMMMAMMAMMMM 14 what are general factors that promote change 15 there is a rapid increase in affluence measured by the GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT AKA GNPgive examples of rapid increase due to this 16 examples of demographic changes 17 City changes a explain rural areasexburbscities b rural c exburb d cities 18 environmental leisure movement and creation of parks Give 2 parks and their dates a b 19 21 st century what changed since WWII 20 Explain government supply 21 What does it take to have leisure 22 explain the leisure of greece formality 23 explain rome and leisure for the mass 24 Explain the medieval europe 25 what is protestant reformation 26 what did martin luther believe 27 what did john calvin believe 28 who is max weber 29 define humanism 30 PURITANS 1640 EXPLAIN 31 define BLUE LAW 32 remember a RELIGION ISN39T AGAINST LEISUREPEOPLE IN RELIGION JUST WANT ALL PURPOSE INTENTION meaning what is planned for life ahead of them no changes 33 What is the nature of leisure 35 What is John Neulinger s theory of leisure 36 what are the 5 branches of philosophy 37 what is logic 38 what is inductive and deductive reasoning 39 what did plato believe 40 what did aristotle believe 41 what did bertrand russell believe 42 what did joseph pieper believe 43 what is play theory 44 what is surplus energy theory 45 What is relaxation theory 46 What is Freudian theory of play 47 What is preparation theory 48 What is stimulus arousal theory 49 What is competence effective theory 50 What is ow 51 What is catharsis theory 52 What Is self expression theory 53what is huizinga s play theory Answer Key sthm studv quideexgm 92315 1 Leisure Activity Chosen in relative freedom for its qualities of satisfaction 2 Recreation participation in a recreational activity rrra39e neeee 999FP oneeeee N 11 Play True play is voluntary spontaneous and intrinsically rewarding 300 billion different types of leisure tv religious worshipping phone computer sports exercise socializing interaction with family and friends shopping travel hobbies entertaining MONEY WORK leisure ethicwell being and quality of life over possessions Not all leisure recreation and play exercises one beneficial to individuals and society may be pleasure but not beneficial examples of Qurple leisure graffiti pushing boulder in goblin valley Utah drug use hazing stealing robberies ocean drowning skydiving or cliff jumping rape others from different POV ymca to provide service don t want money Disney provide service want money national parks preserve land museums and liberty bell examples of government 4 things leisure utilized by age race ethnicity religionculture examples of things that are constantly changing overtime technology social media maps sexuality live streaming nance 13 meanin a Aege ence internet video games outdoor sports rules equipment style and apparel safety meanings improved condition leisure allows human overcome potential deficiencies and operate full capacity ghandicapped people gt national ability center prevention of condition leisure can stem further having a disease such as cancer or anything else psvcholoqical realization leisure experiences improve in STRINIC and TANGIBLE elements etc others social economic environmental population and family dynamic and social expect of government agrarian society farm life gt moves to more industrial urban society city mples of affluence gt weaILh increase in affluence led to increase in poverty increase gap in wealth between rich and poor example of middle class 90000 upper class 600000 luxury fever examples of demoqraphic chanqes united states has 325 million people3rd most populous nation changing identity to diversification baby boomers retire and control wealth older generation more active than the young now days 63 is young marketing older generations City changes gt rural areas population centers in US dramatic shift to urban areas decline of cities lead to suburbs exburbs places beyond suburb willing to live further from cities for better quality of life cities here for recreation space new view gt leisure and recreation held resurgence and revitalization of urban areas 2 parks and the dates YELLOWSTONE 1872 CENTRAL PARK 1850 mnqes since WWII no longer stay at home moms 1 source income marriage at later age in life have kids at older age c places of location stresses on family 20 government supply explanation more entrepreneurial a nonprofit and government agencies constrained 21 what it takes to have leisure MONEY essential 1 a free time simple social society must be able to free yourself from work b strong economic base 22 Greece leisure similar to united states leisure a cities are designed to support leisure and develop the mind b CAVEAT only for free and rich white men supported by slave labor 23 Rome and leisure for the m roman civilization has different purposes than greece a rome is large city social ills great wealth disparity b mass leisure used to calm underemployed and unemployed masses it is a distraction to preserve social and political structure 24 medieval europe crappy place a feudalism lords and vassal b leisure based off of war hunting and sports c people don t live long d catholic church keep society together e Lutheran church beginning of reformation 25 W a focus on afterlife b focus on work key to get to heaven afterlife c work hard and make moneyshows allegiance about you and what you deserve to get to heaven 26 martin luther god calls you to work on COMMERCE AND AGRICULTURE 27 iohn calvin divinity achieved through obedience responsibility and work a said you are predetermined and born knowing if you will go to heaven or hell question isif you knew it was guaranteed why do all this work if you want to reassure that you will get to heaven you need to WORK 28 max weber capitalism and work ethic a capitalism tied to protestant work ethic b pre elected at birth for heaven no one knows if they are elected c reassurement one must lie a godly life be productive no waset l d no selfindulging activity constant work on commerce and reinvestment essential for capitalism e wordy asceticism severe selfdiscipline and avoidance of all forms of indulgence typically for religious reasons 29 define humanism belief in ability of human to create to show their ability reformation made this possible a reformation is a 16th century movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Catholic Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches 30 puritans puritans take over england puritanical law all about religion and work puritans are against any forms of leisure no christmas or rewarding things b their way or the highway basically c puritans unhappy with england and english church sail to US in 1620 to plymouth rock on mayflower d puritans wanted a theocracy based on believe in lifestyle and environmental challenges 31 blue law a law prohibiting certain activities such as shopping on a Sunday in colonial New England a strict religious law particularly one preventing entertainment or leisure activities on a Sunday a can39t have ice cream cone in back pocket on a wednesday b can39t sing in shower c house mother for sorority 32 remember RELIGION ISN TAGAINST LEISUREPEOPLE IN RELIGION JUST WANT ALL PURPOSE INTENTION meaning what is planned for life ahead of them no changes 33 What is the nature of leisure public objective state derived from Greek approach leisure is about free time circumstance and what people can see 35 John Neulinger s theorv of leisure based on perceived freedom and motivation 36 5 branches of Philosonhv 1 Epistemology Theories on how we know what we are Empiricist must be observable and there are 2 types guantitative numbers and survey gualitative interpreting meaning and reason and significance rationalists think about bigger issue that you cannot get from senses logic and reasoning aesthetics where it comes from beauty and value outdoor recreation Ethics good or bad morality related with leisure and recreation people oriented metaphysics reality nature i think therefore i am how do i know i am not in a dream Politics study of force what actions are permissible 37 Logic study of rules of inference 38 Inductive reasoninq premise true conclusion most likely true bottom up reasoning Deductive reasoninq generated from theory top down reasoning O meww 39 PLATO o perfect o utopic society maximize happiness of citizens 0 create perfect society maximize happiness achieve sensor and control forms of activity leisure o shape character and influences people 0 remove lazyl society can only be based upon leisure no sleeping o be better person to maximize of who you are 40 ARISTOTLE o strive for self perfection 41 Bertrand russell 0 work can never be virtuous o mentality justifies slave mentality 0 technology provides resources so all can have leisure yet leisure still only for upper class people 0 workshare leisure proposal 0 problem with all advances still have slave mentality for certain people that we need to work work work upper class people do nothing but leisure 42 ioseph pieper too fixated on work place too much emphasis on practicality of outcomes intellectual labor leisure only used if it replenishes us for work trigonometry not used for practical outcome grocery store is this cucumber this size 00000 o 43 what is play theory gt deals with getting rid of or restoring energy 0 a way to practice for life practice jobs 0 essential for development physical o something to look forward to o 44 surplus energy theory 0 herbert spencer 0 need to expel and burn excess energy o 45 relaxation theory 0 play that restores energy 0 rejuvenates the exhausted 0 exercise to Facebook 46 developmental theories o freudian theory of play 0 children gain control competence as resolve conflict 0 people develop from play 0 47 o preparation theory 0 allows church to practice for advert life 0 playing of roles for example is actual practice 0 leads to stronger teamwork and role acceptance 48 contemporary developmental theories stimulus arousal theory 0 constantly seeing at stimulus 0 develop knowledge and need for things such as experimental 4900mpetence effective theory 0 play motivated by need to test areas in environment 0 achieved through experimentation and information building 0 repetition leads to good outcome 50 FLOW o in the zone or more technical term flow 0 cziksentihaly o players skill matched to the challenge o if skill or challenged exceeds on another task either becomes boring or frustrating 51 EXPRESSIVE THEORIES o catharsis theory 0 play helps purge emotions o develops from Aristotle o socially acceptable way to channel rage o 52 selfexpression theory 0 human are dynamic 0 need to express their personalities 53 huizinga s play theory all of life and is marked by freedom and never imposed in anyways o occurs during its own special time o essential for its civilization influence over many forms of human society
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