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Cal Poly - POLS 341 - Study Guide

Created by: Abby Kienle Elite Notetaker

Schools > California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo > Political Science > POLS 341 > Cal Poly - POLS 341 - Study Guide

Cal Poly - POLS 341 - Study Guide

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background image Final Exam Study Guide: Con Law   Professor Denbow    Vocabulary / Terms to know:  Classical Liberalism                         Rationality Review                                           Judicial Activism  Republicanism                                 Footnote 4 (Carolene Products)                     Judicial Restraint   13 th  Amendment                             Living Constitution                                      Freedom of Contract Liberalism  14 th  Amendment                             Warren Court                                                   The Great Depression   State Action Doctrine                     Fugitive Slave Clause                                    Substantial Effects Test   Civil Rights Act of 1875                   Civil Rights Act of 1964                                Warren Court (and critiques)  Enumerated powers                        Concurrent powers                                       Writ of Mandamus  Judicial Review                                 Habeas Corpus                                               Interstate Commerce   Police Powers                                    Sherman Anti-Trust Act                               Desegregation   Federal Fugitive Slave Act               Revenue Clause                                             Gun Free School Zone Act   Federalism                                          Lochner Era   Court-Packing Plan                            The New Deal   Legislative Deference                      Warren Court  NIRA                                                    Interstate Commerce Clause   National Labor Relations Board     Violence Against Women Act   The New Democrats                         Concurrence  Dissention                                           Narrow interpretation vs. broad   Reconstruction Era                            Original Jurisdiction   Appellate Jurisdiction         Majority Opinion     What cases deal with which constitutional issues? (match from list of readings from class)   1.  Powers of the national government  
2.  Separation of powers 
3.  Judicial power 
4.  Federalism  
5.  Civil rights  
background image Case / Reading  Background / Happenings 
/Court Decision  
Significance / Constitutional / Relevance 
/Takeaway  
The Declaration of 
Independence 1776 
  Declares independence 
for the colonies from 
the British Crown  
  Life, liberty, and the 
pursuit of happiness 
(later amended to 
“property”) 
  Government should 
protect these rights  
  Government is 
illegitimate if it does not 
have the consent of the 
people  
  Gave rise to the Articles of 
Confederation 
  Fear of strong central 
government, attempting to limit 
national power  
  Gives rise to a debate between 
classical liberalism and 
republicanism   
The Constitution 1776    General welfare and 
liberty are most 
important  
  North wanted stronger 
central gov to regulate 
interstate commerce 
  South wanted strong 
central gov to protect 
“property” right (slaves) 
  Lays out powers of 
national and state 
governments  
  Struggle between national and 
state governments
 (federalism) 
  Division between the North and 
South 
  Separation of powers between 3 
branches  
  Emphasis on slavery and property 
rights 
  Property ownership very 
important  
Losurdo 2011     Talks about the 
relationship between 
slavery and liberty 
arguments in regards to 
liberalism  
  Cannot call for one 
while simultaneously 
calling for the other  
  A despotic government 
is the best at abolishing 
slavery rather than a 
“free government” 
(direct democracy) 
  Draws on ideas from 
Locke, Calhoun, Smith  
  Points out a clear tension b/w 
how the framers of the 
Constitution and Liberalists view 
personal liberty and their 
justification of slavery 
  Shows the importance of slavery 
disputes in creating the 
constitution (3/5 clause, fugitive 
slave) 
  Points out contradiction within 
liberalism  
  Shows constitutional justification 
of slavery  
Federalist #10- James Madison 
1787 
  Focuses on the 
inevitability of factions  
  We must control the 
effects bc we cannot 
control the causes  
  Pushed for the ratification of the 
constitution and a representative 
government (strong central) 
  Relationship between national 
government and individual rights 
 
background image   Democracies are not 
very good at this  
  Republic are the best 
governments to control 
factions with a 
representative 
government  
  Land ownership and 
property rights of those 
who govern emphasized 
  Marbury vs. Madison 1803     Marbury wanted a writ 
of mandamus to force 
commission to be 
delivered  
  Dispute over if the court 
had the power to issue 
the writ or if Marbury’s 
rights had even been 
violated 
  Marshall delivers 
unbiased and in-depth 
decision  
  Marbury has the right 
to a remedy, but the 
Court has no authority 
to offer one  
  Judiciary Act of 1789 
giving Congress the 
right to issue writ was 
passed through 
ordinary legislation and 
not through the 
Amendment process 
making It 
unconstitutional  
  Established judicial review and 
power 
  Gave credibility to the Court 
system  
  Established Constitutional 
Precedence  
  Unbiased opinion gives even more 
credibility  
  What the Supreme Court says 
goes  
Gibbons vs. Ogden 1824    Gibbons owns federal 
license to operate ferry, 
Ogden wants a 
monopoly on this and 
seeks and acquires one 
from NY  
  Court rules that NY law 
is in violation of the 
interstate commerce 
clause  
  Congress has the right to regulate 
interstate commerce- huge 
establishment  
  This is an EXCLUSIVE power of 
congress  
  Dispute between national and 
state powers
  
  Overturns NY law and federal 
license for Ogden (national 
supremacy) 
  ICC includes navigation     Marshal shows judicial restraint 
background image   Broad construction of ICC  Worcester vs. Georgia 1832    Worcester convicted for 
being on native 
American lands without 
permit in GA 
  GA law states that they 
must, this violates 
federal treaties with 
Native Americans  
  Court overturns GA law 
and Worcester’s 
conviction but he is not 
released by orders from 
Jackson  
  Congress has the power to create 
treaties with tribes, GA had no 
constitutional authority to uphold 
the permit law  
  States cannot pass legislation that 
effect sovereign nations (Native 
Americans) 
  Struggle between national and 
state powers, issue of federalism  
  Holding unenforced by the 
executive, ignored (separation of 
powers)
 
Prigg vs. Pennsylvania 1842    Prigg; slave catcher 
capturing an escaped 
slave and her family 
from free territory  
  Arrested for this by PA 
for violating their 
personal liberty laws 
  Court rules that the 
Fugitive Slave clause 
allows for the recapture 
of escaped slaves and 
that personal liberty 
laws are not 
constitutional  
  Issues of federalism    National supremacy     Established more slaveholding 
security for the South  
Dred Scott vs. Sanford 1857     Scott and family taken 
to free territory for 
many years- master 
dies; are they free? 
  Court says no, salve 
holders have individual 
“right” to property and 
Congress can’t make 
these changes in new 
territories  
  Congress does  have the 
power to impart 
“needful rules and 
regulations” in new 
territories, but the 
Court dismisses the 
abolishing of slavery as 
not needful; says this 
text is “narrow” 
  Slaves established as property 
more firmly  
  Territory governance- national 
powers
  
  Slaves are not citizens and 
therefore cannot litigate (civil 
rights)
 
  Judicial activism is shown in this 
decision; I a political decision  
  Strengthened security of slavery     Established that congress had 
limited power in the newly 
acquired territories  

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School: California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
Department: Political Science
Course: American Constitutional Law
Professor: Professor Denbow
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: constitutional law, final exam, Study Guide, and american
Name: Final Exam Study Guide POLS 341
Description: This study guide includes terms to know, concepts to now, and a detailed explanation and takeaway of each case or reading that we have read. The essays are also included at the end. This chart style really helped me get an A on the first midterm so I hope it helps you too! I promise it is only super long because of the table format. :)
Uploaded: 03/10/2016
17 Pages 93 Views 74 Unlocks
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