Exam 1 study guide
Exam 1 study guide 32895
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Grace Mendel on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 32895 at Indiana University Purdue University - Indianapolis taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Promoting Healthy Populations in Nursing and Health Sciences at Indiana University Purdue University - Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Population Health 1 De ne health disparities vulnerable populations amp social determinates of heath Health disparities quotsystematic potentially avoidable health differences that adversely affect socially disadvantaged groupsquot Edelman et al 2014p217L Distinct patterns of differences in health status and wellbeing across population groups Vulnerable populations populations that are vulnerable to health issues such as those in poverty racialethnic minority the uninsured children and the elderly Social determinants of health the circumstances in which people are born grow up live work and age as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness 2 Describe the goal of Healthy People 2020 amp how it relates to health disparities Overarching goals of Healthy People 2020 Attain highquality longer lives free of preventable disease disability injury and premature death Achieve health equity eliminate disparities and improve the health of all groups Create social and physical enviroments that promote good health for all Promote quality of life healthy development and healthy behaviors across all stages of life Relates to health disparities by trying to eliminate them and improve the health of all groups 3 Identify the 5 components of social determinates of health Neighborhood and built environment Health and health care Economic stability Educann Social and community context 4 Discuss health disparities and possible programs to help resolve them Programs to help resolve health disparities 0 Policy and programmatic interventions Federal policy ACA Medicare Medicaid Healthy People 2020 0 State policy Hoosier Healthwise o ISDH Of ce of Minority Health 0 Sponsors the quotMinority Health Fairquot amp quotMinority Health Conferencequot 0 Community programs 0 Marion County Health Department Vaccination Clinics Paths to Quality 0 The Of ce of Minority Health OMH created in 1986 Reauthorized by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 quotHHS Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Disparitiesquot Vision quotA Nation Free of Disparities in Health and Health Carequot 0 Four Overarching Priorities 0 Assess and heighten the impact of all hhs policies programs processes and resource decisions to reduce health disparities Increase the availability quality and use of data to improve the health of minority populations 0 Measure and provide incentives for better healthcare quality for minority populations 0 Monitor and evaluate the department39s success in implementing the hhs disparities Action plan 0 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC 0 Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health REACH established in 2010 o REACH is a vital part of CDC s efforts to end racial and ethnic health gaps 0 Through REACH awardee partners plan and carry out local culturally appropriate programs to address a wide range of health issues among African Americans American Indians HispanicsLatinos Asian Americans Alaska Natives and Paci c Islanders Health Populations 1 Describe different theories for changing behavior HeaIth Belief ModeI Rosenstock 1960 1966 amp 1974 o Used to describe why some people take actions to prevent a isease and others don t c Individual perceptions Perceived susceptibiljitywhats the chance im going to get this ya Perceived severity of disease 04 Perceived barriers 04 Fe renewrived bene ts t Cues to action gsiy39mpto media information o Self Ef cacy Likelihood of action YOU ARE INCHARGE a Likelihood of behavioral change happens when erceived bene ts are greater than perceived barriers Social Cog ni tive Theory 0 dynamic process in which personal factors environmental factors amp human behavior influence each other r Behavioral ca pa bil ityf knowledge and skill to perform a given behavior a Giving insulin to themselves a Exectations a nticiated outcomes of a behavior r control blood sugar themselves 39039 SelfEf cacy con ence in one s aility to take action and overcome barrie rs Oservational learning behavior acquisition that occurs by watching the actions and outcomes of othersquot behaviors Reinforcements responSes to a person39s behaviort hat influence the likelihood of reoccurrence Reciprocal determinism improvements in behavior in uence self and others continuing the behavior Transtheo retical Model Stages of change 0 Precontemplation o No ntention to ta ke action the next 6 months 0 Centemlation o Intention to take action in the next 6 months u Preparation 0 Have ta ken steps toward change 0 intends to take action within the next month 0 Action 0 Has changed behavior modi ed lifester Within the past 6 months n Maintenance 0 Has changed behavior amp modi ed lifestyle for more than 6 months 0 Termination o SelfEf cacy 2 Discuss health promotion activities Stress management physical activities music journal social support ect Adequate sleep Good nutrition Physical activity 3 Discuss the in uence of health coaching on health amp wellness Health coaching partnering with clients in a thoughtprovoking and creative process that inspires them to maximize their personal and professional potential 4 Describe the relationship between health promotion amp health education 0 Health promotion is that which is motivated by the desire to increase wellbeing and to reach the best possible health potential teaching 0 Health protection behaviors to prevent disease detect disease in the early stages or to maximize health within in the constraints of disease doing
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