Exam 2 Study Guide
Exam 2 Study Guide PY 370
Popular in History and Systems
Popular in Psychlogy
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jordana Baraad on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steele in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 158 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for Exam 2 Study Guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/17/15
PY 370 Exam 2 Study Guide MidMillennium Transitions in Psychology Western Europe 14001800sl Renaissance developed in Italy rebirth innovation universities Start of questioning of the Church Leonardo da Vinci Multitalented man advanced art and science Drew vivid drawings from cutopen cadavers promoted idea that brain is important to behavior Reformation Martin Luther s 95 theses separation Protestant amp Catholic church Furthered Church s loss of hold on people s behavior ideas Scientific Revolution Church v sci new knowledge modern sci ENCOURAGED Key discoveries Microscopes 1St time seeing brain tissue up close Different densities 1St indication that different functions Earth rotates around Sun Copernicus Cells small units of tissue essential to life Laws of motion Newton telescopes printing press considered most important invention increased literacy accessibility of books for common man eventually led to writing on psych abnormalities Anatomy of Melancholia 1St book discussing mental illness Women excluded primarily upper class educated male movement Some of Church power still remained Psychology considered philosophy NOT SCIENCE Treatment of Symptoms inhumane religious explanations remained prevalent Exorcisms ceremonies to remove demon in attempt to alleviate symptoms Madhouses Lifetime lockup for even mild mental illnesses no treatmenttherapy emphasis more on securing not curing ice baths shock system back to normalcy gyrating chair increase blood ow to brain Views on Human Behavior 1 Humanism focus on life gt afterlife free will happiness man gt Church 2 Rationalism ideas are innate senses useless 3 Empiricism knowledge ideas are learned through experience Rejects innate ideas senses key Knowledge fears etc LEARNED not genetic Key Figures Ren Descartes prominent Rationalist figure Worked with pineal gland in brain Thought to be window to soul bc centrally located in brain Notion that brain structure shapes human nature Innate knowledge senses useless Ex Horse born knowing how to walk humans too LAD Language Acquisition Qevice Developed by Chompsky living psychologist who studies linguistics Notion that we re already born with ability to understand language Modernday rationalist Ex of 18th century ideas being carried into present day John Locke founder of empiricism Tabula rasa Latin for blank slatequot Born with no knowledge experiencially learned Immanuel Kant blends rationalism and empiricism Not just senses innate tools Some learning experiential and hierarchical IeanIacuqes Rousseau developed stages of cognition simple 9 complex Precursor to Piaget Readiness Appropriate levels met at each age range 18005 Pseudoscience Pseudoscience touted as science fact but fraudulent false 1 Phrenology skull shape indicates behavioral traits personality ability Counseling sessions to identify weaknesses give guidance possible to CHANGE behavior 2 Physiognomy Facial features reveal aspects of character and intellect Exacerbated racial stereotyping some still exists today 3 Mesmerism illness caused by disrupted ow of magnetic bodily uid Reminiscent of humors Key People Terms Franz Gall phrenology founder German frontal cortex activity 9 brain matter pushed 9 eye bulging intelligence phrenology map Localization of different aspects of cognition in brain pseudoscience but planted seeds for neuropsychology Ex language functioning in Broca s Area psychograph machine that produces skull measurements Fowler Brothers New England brothers who made MAIOR PROFIT off phrenology lohann Lavater codeveloper of physiognamy Franz Mesmer founder of Mesmerism Touted healing powers of his hands Mesmer the greatquot exiled after fraud discovered Physiological Advances in 1800s Physiology study of the function of living organisms and their anatomy 1 Golgi staining Camillo Golgi visualize nerve tissue under light microscope Observe neuron structure different densities 2 Speed of nerve impulses measured by Herman von Hemholtz 90 ft sec Intersection of science and psych Psychologists Goal recognition as independent discipline Worthy of lab space and research funding Not lumped in with philosophy Lots of resistance knowledge of human mind NOT helping peoplequottreatment therapy etc Key Figures Terms Herman von Hemholtz Determined speed of nerve impulse First measurement of factor related to cognition human behavior 1St link of psychology to science and objective measurement William Wundt father of experimental psychologyquot a Scientific method in psych separation from philosophy Visual audio signals to measure reaction time b 1St psych lab Leipzig Germany 1879 c established psych as independent specialty d mentorship model Student of von Hemholtz premed 50k published pages introspection experimental selfobservation selfre ection process developed by Wundt key contribution to psych field How do you feel about thatquot qualitative information on reaction to stimuli environment all sensations openended responses varied widely subjectivity garnered criticism Stanley Hall major psych figure increased perceived legitimacy in US Studied under Wundt in Germany Returned to US to practice psych at Iohn Hopkins John Hopkins 1St US university to have a psych lab Created American Psychologist Association APA Goal promote psych as a science amp collaboration to advance progress created on writing style guidelines producers of Psychlnfo current scandal sole accreditation authority Founded American Journal of Psychology Became president of Clark university Interest in children 9 Child study movement developed educational psychology and developmental psychology Child study movement learn how children learn observe the world Acquired lots data via questionnaires Hall 1St to emphasize importance of adolescence as formative stage Edward Titchner Wundt s prot g developer of structuralism English biologist studied under Wundt in Germany tasked Boring to write first history of psychology textbook carried on Wundt s introspection studies structuralism analysis of components individual elements of the brain How do they correlate to complex experiences and behavior 1St school of thought in psychology pushback lost traction when Trichner died
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'