Earth Systems Exam 1 Study Guide
Earth Systems Exam 1 Study Guide ERTH 101IN-001
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Megan Robinson on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ERTH 101IN-001 at Montana State University - Bozeman taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see The Earth System (lecture) in Earth Sciences at Montana State University - Bozeman.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Earth Systems Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 Questions 1 2 991 m 7 8 9 What consequences arise from the fact that Earth is a closed system Define geosphere hydrosphere atmosphere biosphere and anthroposphere What and Where is the Earth s life zone What is the difference between negative and positive feedback How is the energy cycle different from the other Earth systems What are three human activities that have affected the Earth s external activity What is global change How do humans contribute to this change What are the five basic steps of the scientific method What are three types of models Important Information is a holisitic approach to studying the Earth as a Whole system of many interacting parts any portion of the universe that can be isolated for the purpose of observing and measuring A is a representation of something typically a simplification of a complex original The amount of energy or matter that is transferred 0 If the ux into a reservoir is gt than the ux out 0 If the ux into a reservoir is lt than the ux out Identify each Earth System Reservoir Chapter 2 Questions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 Important Chapter 3 Questions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 What is the difference between heat and temperature Describe the transfer of heat by conduction convection and radiation What are the three laws of thermodynamics What are the four main sources of Earth s internal terrestrial heat energy What is the geothermal gradient How does heat move towards the surface from the core What is the difference between Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy What is a blackbody radiator What are the dangers of CMEs What is luminosity and how do scientists measure it What is the Moons effect on the Earth Information inputs and outputs pathways and reservoirs for the energy that drives all of the other cycles of the Earth system heat generated by internal friction from the constant distortion of the planet external heat from the gravitational potential energy of the dense core material sinking into the center of the planet heat released as the innermost material solidified The earth is meaning it has the capacity to deform reversibly The caused by the elastic deformation within the planet is translated into heat one of the Earth s internal heat energy sources What is the difference between an element and an atom Cation Anion How are compounds different from mixtures and solutions What is a mineral What minerals are most common on Earth s crust Describe the three major rock families What is soil Why is it so important What is regolith Describe three different types of regolith What are the two main types of sediment What are biogeochemical cycles What are the three familiar states of matter on Earth Important Information Chapter 4 Questions 1 2 9 80 8 9 10 common states of matter solid liquid and gas unmixable liquids do not mix spontaneously an thoroughly with one another mixable liqids and gases mix to form one phase consist of carbon hydrogennitrogenoxygen atoms bonded together by covalent bonds Three major compositional layers in the Earth 0 Metallic iron solid inner core liquid outer core 0 Dense rocky matter 0 Thin less dense rocky matter Summarize and describe the various groups of objects of our solar system Describe the steps in the formation of solar system as per the nebular hypothesis What were the main factors that in uenced the evolution of the planets subsequent to the formation of the solar system What is the difference between relative age and numerical age What is the habitable zone of a star What is the ecliptic Why is Earth s axis not oriented perpendicular to the ecliptic and what impact does this have on seasonality What is radioactivity How does a solar system form Hint What is the Kuiper Belt Important Information Has cleared the neighborhood around its orbit Has not cleared the neighborhood around its orbit Solar Processes Affecting the Solar System 0 produced in Sun by ow of charged particles electrons and ions ejected bubbles of plasma 0 moving charged particles generated in Sun s upper atmosphere electrons and ions 400 kmsec In ated bubble formed by solar wind in the interstellar medium ISM Solar wind slows to subsonic speeds Formation of the Solar System Age 457 billion years Gravitational attraction of larger bodies I acting on planetesimals causes larger objects to move further away Rocky planets lose angular momentum by interacting With dust particles in protoplanetary disc or by collisions With smaller planetesimals they move closer to Sun The Sun is 9985 of the mass distribution
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