Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide PSY 1010
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This 26 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kelly Parsley on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 1010 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Paul J Watson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 388 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
PSYCH 1 010 Introduction to Psychology Dr Watson STUDY GUIDE Section 1 Lecture Questions Basic and Applied Psychology 1 How will we define psychology this semester a A discipline that attempts to explain the causes of persons through the scientific method it is a basic science 2 What are the three key terms in our definition of psychology a Persons causes and the scienti c method 3 Relative to goals what are the two types of science a Basic and Applied 4 What is basic science a A type of science with the goal of creating new knowledge 5 How can the work of basic scientists be described as an attempt to create a bank of knowledge a Like a bank you have an account you make a deposit into your account and you make withdrawals from your account Deposits a scientist makes a discovery and publishes a paper about it c Withdrawals scientists want everyone to read their papers everyone is encouraged to use the bank s library of knowledge d The main point of a bank of knowledge deposit wealth that s available to everyone 6 What is applied science a Apply what one already knows to the solution of real world problems 7 What is an area of specialization in which psychologists operate as applied scientists a Medical professionals psychiatrists 8 To what extent is the differentiation between basic and applied science relevant to all science a EVERY science falls into one or both categories basic andor applied science but the combination of the two is unusual 9 How is psychology somewhat unique with regard to this contrast between basic and applied science a Psychologists add to the bank of knowledge basic but they also use what they already know to prescribe medicine and treatment for patients applied b Psychology is one of few scientific disciplines that is both basic and applied 10 In what ways was our analysis of basic and applied science too simplistic a It is usually true but not quite always 11 What is the more complicated truth about the relationship between basic and applied science and how does the history of AIDS illustrate that more complicated relationship a It is believed that only basic scientists discover and only applied scientists apply but this is not true b Applied scientists of medicine discovered AIDS This discovery was directly transferred to Immunology another basic science Frustrations with Psvchology 1 What three reasons explain why you might experience frustration when you go to psychology to better understand yourself or to solve personal problems a The language of psychology is difficult to understand b Things are complex c Therapists often disagree 2 Relative to our day to day language how might the language of Psychology be described In other words do psychologists speak plain English when they operate as psychologists Is there only one language of Psychology a It is difficult to understand the language of psychology because the books are written with psychological jargon that is hard for a nonpsychology major or professional to understand b They do not speak plain English by any means and there are many languages of psychology because psychologists disagree on the definition of a person 3 Why do psychologists frequently say Things are complex Does this statement mean that psychologists believe the subject matter of Psychology really cannot be explained or organized a There is never a right or wrong answer in psychology because psychologists disagree on the definition of a person and therefore will give different input on the same solution No two minds think the same way so the mind itself is considered complex and difficult to understand Psychologists can explain but it takes some effort beforehand 4 One of these three reasons for your potential frustration with psychology is most important because if you can understand this reason then basically you can understand psychology Which of these three reasons is most important 3 THINGS ARE COMPLEX 5 What three things contribute to the disagreements that exist among psychologists a Persons causes and the scienti c method 6 What is it about the concept person that causes psychologists to disagree a When does a person begin and when does it end Psychologists different ideas on the definition of person will provide different solutions to the same problem 7 What do con icts over the person most importantly re ect and how do controversies over abortion and euthanasia re ect this issue a Things are complex and psychologists disagree b Depending on when a psychologist believes a person begins he may or may not support abortion and euthanasia If he believes that a person begins at contraception he will not support abortion However if he does not believe a person begins until much later he will be more supportive of the mother s choice 8 How might disagreements over the person have an impact on therapy and the decision of whether or not to file for a divorce a Because psychologists disagree a woman may get therapy from two different psychologists about the same issue and receive two separate solutions one may conclude that she needs to get a divorce while the other concludes that she needs to remain married Person nd causes 1 Assuming that psychologists are experts in persons what is it about being this kind of expert that causes them to disagree 3 Psychologists are experts in persons but since different psychologists define the person differently they are experts in different things 2 Can the problem that psychologists have with defining the person be solved scientifically Explain your answer a No science will never solve this problem One cannot use a cause and effect method because there is no way to gather the necessary information b Example Science cannot prove that people are made in the likeness of God because it cannot prove one s values through a cause and effect method 3 Problems in defining fundamental concepts are not specific to psychologists there are similar problems between religious leaders and lovers 4 Can psychologists define the concept cause How can this concept be defined a The problem is not definitional Cause is a definition that leads to a consequence b Cause I Effect c Antecedent I Consequence 5 What is the one statement about causality with which almost all psychologists will agree 3 Persons are caused by variables 6 What is a variable Give some examples of betweenperson and withinperson variables that might be of interest to psychologists a Variable anything that varies b Betweenperson action urged by an emotion among people who have frequent contact c Withinperson the amount of sex hormones circulating in the blood supply varies 4 7 How do issues related to causality contribute to the disagreements among psychologists a Things are complex 8 What is the principle of parsimony Does it generally assume a positive role in science a Principle of Parsimony you should spend as few causal concepts as possible explain the most with the least words b It is viewed as stingy and acts as though everything is either black or white It does not account for grey areas 9 Can scientists be too parsimonious Use the naturenurture controversy to illustrate your answer a Yes not everything is black or white b Nature persons are caused by their inborn biological nature c Nurture persons are caused by their nurture 10 What is the argument of social scientists who emphasize the role of nature a if you can explain their inborn biological nature you can understand the person 11 What is the argument of social scientists who emphasize the role of nurture a you can learn to be who you are through experiences 12 What is the position of this course with regard to the naturenurture controversy a Both concepts are true and cannot stand alone 13 Can explanations based only upon nature and nurture be sufficient to explain persons a No both nature and nurture are required to explain the cause of a person Model of Causality 1 What do scientists mean when they talk about a model a A guideline or instructions to explain a problem 2 What is the fundamental question of psychology a What is the cause of a person 3 How many basic answers do psychologists have for this fundamental question a An infinite amount 4 What are the five categories of variables in the model of causality that we will be using this semester a Physiopersonal Intrapersonal Interpersonal Metapersonal and Nonpersonal Table A What causes a person What causes a depressed person Physiopersonal Body Low serotonin activity Table A What causes a person What causes a depressed person Intrapersonal Mind Pessimistic explanatory style you are the villain in your own life story the world is a horrible place there isn39t a future just a series of unfortunate events Interpersonal Close relationships Loss of relationships or pleasures Depression makes this loss of relationships worse Metapersonal Culture and history Cooperative communal societies safety net Individualistic competitive societies makes you more vulnerable lack of a system of meaning or religion Nonpersonal Physical environment Poor diet Seasonal affective disorder Depression and Model of Causality 1 How can the model of causality developed in the lectures be useful to you as you read the book a This model explains the format to study psychology by learning how to decide What causes a person It says something about behaviors and psychological states 2 What physiopersonal variables may be involved in causing depression Table A What is a psychiatrist and how does the education of a psychiatrist differ from the education of a psychotherapist or clinical psychologist in other words What degree does a psychiatrist have that the psychotherapist does not How does prozac affect brain chemistry How do brain cells communicate with each other What is serotonin a Psychiatrist a psychologist Who specializes in prescribing drugs b Prozac increases serotonin activity in the brain 0 Brain cells communicate by electric signals traveling along the axon d Serotonin a compound in one s blood platelets that constricts one s blood vessels and sends transmissions to the rest of the body 3 What intrapersonal variables may be involved in causing depression Table A Who explained depression in terms of a cognitive triad What are the specific elements of this cognitive triad What kind of explanatory style is associated With this cognitive triad a Aaron T Beck s cognitive triad i Self ii World iii Future b It has a pessimistic explanatory style 4 What interpersonal variables may be involved in causing depression Table A What metapersonal variables may be involved in depression Table A 6 What nonpersonal variables might affect depression Table A What is Seasonal U Affective Disorder a Seasonal Affective Disorder one is depressed during certain times of the year generally Winter Social Sciences and Model of Causality 1 What are the social sciences a Social Science disciplines that attempt to explain the cause of persons through the scientific method b Categories psychiatry psychoanalysis behavioral psychology social psychology anthropology sociology political science economics nutrition and geography 2 Do social scientists disagree Are issues related to persons relevant If so how are they relevant Are issues related to causes relevant If so how are they relevant a Yes they disagree b Yes the biggest issue definition of persons is the cause for dispute c No the main issue of cause remains intact throughout social science 3 How can the model of causality we have developed this semester be related to the average arguments and historical origins of the social sciences a The same model can be used across all social sciences to explain the cause of a person 4 How can work in different social sciences be related to an interest in physiopersonal intrapersonal interpersonal metapersonal and nonpersonal variables Table B Table B What causes a person Social sciences per area Physiopersonal Body Psychiatry Intrapersonal Mind Psychoanalysis Freud Interpersonal Close relationships Behavioral psychology Social psychology Metapersonal Culture and history Anthropology Sociology Political science Economics Nonpersonal Physical environment Nutrition Geography Game of Science 1 How are philosophers both like and unlike psychologists a Philosophers rely on rationalism instead of using the scientific method 2 What is rationalism a Rationalism all true knowledge comes from the use of logic and reason alone 3 What is empiricism a Empiricism all true knowledge comes from experience 4 How might the social sciences be placed in the context of other disciplines in terms of methods and concerns a Methods social sciences fall in line with the natural sciences b Concerns social sciences follow in line with the humanities 5 What are some of the disciplines in the natural sciences and what questions do they ask a Biology What is the cause of life b Chemistry What is the cause of matter c Meteorology What is the cause of weather d Geology What is the cause of rocks and oil e Physics What is the cause of everything 6 What are some disciplines in the humanities and how might they be like psychology a Philosophy What is the cause of a person through rationalism b Religious Studies What is the cause of a person through biblical texts c Literature What is the cause of a person through experience and creativity 7 In class we said In science the name of the game is causality How does this statement point out two fundamental philosophical assumptions of science a All science is founded in determinism b The best game is the experiment 8 What is determinism a Determinism belief that everything is determined there are no uncaused effects in the universe 9 How can empiricism be related to the idea that in science the name of the game is causality a Empiricism tied to determinism sprouts knowledge 10 Which particular scientific method do psychologists prefer to use 3 Experiment 11 How might the experiment be defined How might that definition be related to two philosophical assumptions of science a Experiment highly structured experience designed to isolate cause and effect The Experiment 1 What is a phenomenon a Greek for that which reveals itself b A scientist gets interest in something all experiments begin with this 2 What is a hypothesis a Hypothesis presumed relationship between variables a tentative explanation b This must be testable with a presumed cause and presumed effect 3 What are the two basic variables of an experiment a Independent and dependent variables 4 How are these two variables defined a Independent variable variable that a researcher manipulates presumed cause b Dependent variable variable that a researcher measures presumed effect 5 Two is the minimum number of groups that an experiment must have 6 What are these groups called and how are they defined a Experimental Group group that receives the independent variable b Control Group comparison group without independent variable 7 What are the two basic concepts underlying the logic of the experiment a Sameness and Difference i Two groups start out the same with one difference If they re different at the end the independent variable was a cause If they are still the same at the end it was not a cause 8 Describe the logic of an experiment using an example a Phenomenon There is more violence in 2015 than in 1915 b Hypothesis Violent television and video games is a major factor in the growing violence c Independent variable the researcher shows 20 3rd graders random violent clips from the movie Kill Bill d Dependent variable The children were then observed at recess and there were 86 accounts of aggressive behavior e Independent variable The children were then observed at recess and there were 86 accounts of aggressive behavior f Experimental group this is the group of 3rd graders observed in the above steps who watched Kill Bill g Control group 20 3rd graders watch Mr Roger39s Neighborhood and were sent outside These kids only showed 12 accounts of aggressive behavior h Confound the experimental group had 18 boys and 2 girls the control group had 2 boys and 18 girls they began with a difference and ended with a difference i Restart the experiment with 10 girls and 10 boys in each group 9 What is a confounding variable a Confound an uncontrolled variable is systematically linked with the independent variable this skews results so data must be discarded and restarted 10 How many potential confounding variables are there in any particular experiment 10 a There could be an infinite number of confounds in every experiment 11 What does the existence of confounding variables mean with regard to how the results of any single experiment should be interpreted a The results must be discarded and the experiment should be restarted 12 What is the solution for addressing the interpretative problems that result from the possible in uence of confounding variables in any single experiment a No single experiment proves anything mher Research Methods 1 Which research procedure would a psychologist prefer to use and why a Experimentation it is the simplest way to gather information 2 What two limitations can prevent psychologists from conducting experiments when they would like to use this procedure a Manipulating the independent variable could be considered unethical b Manipulating the independent variable might be impossible In terms of how they are interpreted what two basic types of research procedures are 9 available to psychologists a Experiment and Correlation 4 What is a correlation a Correlation scientific study that gives the corelationship between variables 5 What three basic outcomes can be obtained in a correlational study a Positive Correlation Direct Relationship b Negative Correlation Inverse Relationship c No Correlation No Relationship 6 What is a scatter plot What is a bestfitting line What is a correlation coefficient a Scatter plot a graph of points that shows the correlationrelationship by finding the bestfitting line b Bestfitting line a line drawn in the averages of the points showing the direction of correlation c Correlation coefficient single number that expresses the direction and magnitude of the relation between two variables 7 What are the possible values of a correlation coefficient a Between 10 and 10 8 Does a negative correlation mean the absence of a correlation ll 9 10 a No a negative correlation indicates an inverse relationship What do scientists assume about correlation and causation a One can never assume causation based on correlation What are the directionality and third variable problems How do they in uence the conclusions that we can make based upon correlational data refer to above answer a Directionality Problem sometimes it is unclear which variable is the cause and which variable is the effect b Third Variable Problem there may be no causal relationship at all the correlation could be produced by a third variable that produces the two variables of interest Origins of Biological Psychology 1 2 3 4 What is biological psychology and how can it be related to the naturenurture controversy and to the neurosciences 3 Biological Psychology specialty within psychology in subgroup neuropsychology that proves the nature aspect of naturenurture deals with the mindbody problem What are the historical origins of the neurosciences What general issue did the neurosciences first attempt to explore What discipline first explored this general issue When did neuroscientists begin to use the scientific method to explore this issue a It began in the late 1700s b Empiricism was used to explore this problem when discussing the naturenurture issue it transitioned from philosophy to neuroscience In broad terms what basic strategy has the neurosciences used to explore the fundamental issue that concerns them 3 Divide and Conquer divide a mind problem like anger and a body problem like amygdala to understand the correlation between the two problems mind s emotion and a piece of the brain What is reductionism How might reductionism be related to the phenomena of human existence and to the scientific disciplines that study those phenomena 12 a Reductionism underlies the neurosciences the whole is equal to its parts b Definition higher levels of functioning will be explained by lower levels 5 What is eliminative reductionism What implied definition of the person is built into eliminative reductionism What does eliminative reductionism suggest about persons after they die aEliminative Reductionism belief that all scientific talk about mind will be eliminated and be replaced by scientific talk about the body b A person is just a body language would be radically transformed 6 Why would biological psychologists be interested in the functioning of the cell 3 Groups are explained by persons persons explained by cells cells explained by chemistry chemistry explained by physics etc Understanding cells would in turn explain the cause of person 7 How can the functioning of the cell be explained in terms of a factory metaphor a A cell is a biological factory i Nucleus boss of the cell ii Contains DNA a chemical memorandum genetic material iii Cytoplasm cell gel plasm biological machines are contained in this iv Membrane cell wall active living process that contributes to the work of the cell factory b A cell is a protein factory i Protein long squiggle of amino acids ii Proteins are tool c A cell is a biological tool factory i Builds its own tools and tools for others Neurons as Information Units 1 On average what percentage of the body weight is made up by brain tissue What percentage of the circulating blood supply is typically made available to the brain What does this disparity in percentages suggest a Brain tissue 2 of total body weight b Blood supply 20 c The brain is very important 13 2 What are glial cells What do eliminative reductionists assume about the role of glial cells in the mind and body problem a Glial Cells glial is Latin for glue they support and hold together the rest of the brain functionality 3 Which cells do eliminative reductionists believe to be most important in trying to understand the relationship between mind and body a Neurons 4 Why can a neuron be characterized as an information unit What three basic structures of neurons are associated with the functioning of these biological information units What are the functions of each of these three basic structures a All information units receive process and transmit information b Dendrites receive Soma process and Axon transmit 5 If information within a neuron is an electrical event what are we referring to when we discuss electricity in this context a Charged particles oating in water ions atoms or molecules that have gained or lost an electron which has a negative charge 6 What three potentials describe the electrical information within a neuron and in what structures of the neuron are some of these three potentials most typically located Incidentally in very general terms what do we mean when we talk about potentials as they relate to neurons a Potentials something on the inside that does not show from the outside with a power being unused b Resting Potential electric charge when a neuron is neither receiving or transmitting information c Action Potential electric charge when a neuron transmits a message d Graded Potential electric charge when a neuron transmits a message 7 Where is an action potential first triggered in a neuron What other name is used to designate the action potential a It occurs in the Axon Axon Hillock and is signaled by a spike 8 What is the allornone law 14 a An incoming signal from another neuron is either sufficient or insufficient to reach the threshold of excitation Information between Neurons 1 At what structure does communication between neurons occur In terms of the Greek origins of this word what does the name of this structure mean What are the three parts of this structure a Synapse Greek for conjunction bAxon Soma and Dendrite 2 How much time passes between the arrival of an action potential at the end of the axon and the appearance of a graded potential at a dendrite a 1 millisecond 3 What is the end of the axon called What does an axon potential do when it reaches the end of an axon What is a vesicle What is a neurotransmitter a Axon Hillock The Axon potential spikes when it gets here b Vesicle uidfilled or airfilled sac c Neurotransmitter substance that transmits nerve impulses across a synapse 4 Once released what do molecules of neurotransmitters do What structures in the dendrite pick up neurotransmitters How do neurotransmitters affect those structures a The molecules are either degraded or stored in the vesicles b Dendritic Receptor Sites receive the neurotransmitters and relay information Section 2 Multiple Choice Book Questions Chapter 1 1 Which of the following was mentioned as a skill to which psychology students would be exposed 15 Critical thinking Use of the scientific method Critical evaluation of sources of information All of the above 999 2 Psyche is a Greek word meaning a Essence b Soul c Behavior d Love 3 Before psychology became a recognized academic discipline matters of the mind were undertaken by those in a Biology b Chemistry c Philosophy d Physics 4 In the scientific method a hypothesis is an a Observation b Measurement c Test d Proposed explanation 5 Based on your reading which theorist would have been most likely to agree with this statement Perceptual phenomena are best understood as a combination of their components a William James b Max Wertheimer c Carl Rogers d Noam Chomsky 6 is most wellknown for proposing his hierarchy of needs a Noam Chomsky b Carl Rogers c Abraham Maslow d Sigmund Freud 7 Rogers believed that providing genuineness empathy and in the therapeutic environment for his clients was critical to their being able to deal with their problems a Structuralism b Functionalism c Gestalt 16 10 ll 12 13 d Unconditional positive regard The operant conditioning chamber aka box is a device used to study the principles of operant conditioning a Skinner b Watson c James d Kof lta A researcher interested in how changes in the cells of the hippocampus a structure in the brain related to learning and memory are related to memory formation would be most likely to identify as an psychologist a Biological b Health c Clinical d Social An individual s consistent pattern of thought and behavior is known as an a Psychosexual stage b Object permanence c Personality d Perception In Milgram s controversial study on obedience nearly of the participants were willing to administer what appeared to be lethal electric shocks to another person because they were told to do so by an authority figure a 13 b 23 c 34 d 45 A researcher interested in what factors make an employee best suited for a given job would most likely identify as an psychologist a Personality b Clinical c Social d IO If someone wanted to become a psychology professor at a 4year college then she would probably need a degree in psychology a Bachelor of science b Bachelor of art c Master s l7 d PhD 14 The places less emphasis on research and more emphasis on application of therapeutic skills a PhD b PsyD c Postdoctoral training program d Dissertation 15 Which of the following degrees would be the minimum required to teach psychology courses in high school a PhD b PsyD c Master s degree d Bachelor s degree 16 One would need at least an degree to serve as a school psychologist a Associate s b Bachelor s c Master s d Doctoral Chapter 2 1 Scientific hypotheses are and falsifiable a Observable b Original c Provable d Testable 2 are defined as observable realities a Behaviors b Facts c Opinions d Theories 3 Scientific knowledge is a Intuitive b Empirical c Permanent d Subjective 4 A major criticism of Freud s early theories involves the fact that his theories a Were too limited in scope b Were too outrageous c Were too broad d Were not testable 18 5 Sigmund Freud developed his theory of human personality by conducting indepth interviews over an extended period of time with a few clients This type of research approach is known as an a b c d 6 a b c d 7 Archival research Case study Naturalistic observation Survey involves observing behavior in individuals in their natural environments Archival research Case study Naturalistic observation Survey The m jor limitation of case studies is a The superficial nature of the information collected in this approach b The lack of control that the researcher has in this approach c d The absence of interrater reliability 8 The benefit of naturalistic observation studies is a The honesty of the data that is collected in a realistic setting b How quick and easy these studies are to perform c The inability to generalize the findings form this approach to a larger population The researcher s capacity to make sure that data is collected as efficiently as possible d The ability to determine cause and effect in this particular approach gt9 a b c d 11 An Using existing records to try to answer a research question is known as Naturalistic observation Survey research Longitudinal research Archival research involves following a group of research participants for an extended period of Archival research Longitudinal research Naturalistic observation Crosssectional research is a list of questions developed by a researcher that can be administered in paper form a Archive b Case study c Naturalistic observation 19 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 d Survey Longitudinal research is complicated by high rates of a Deception b Observation c Attrition d Generalization Height and weight are positively correlated This means that as height weight a Increases decreases b Decreases decreases c Increases decreases d Decreases increases Which of the following correlation coefficients indicates the strongest relationship between two variables a O90 b O50 c 080 d 025 Which statement best illustrates a negative correlation between a number of hours spent watching television the week before an exam and the grade on that exam a Watching too much television leads to poor exam performance b Smart students watch less TV c Viewing television interferes with a student s ability to prepare for the upcoming exam d Students who watch more television perform more poorly on their exams The correlation coefficient indicates the weakest relationship when a It is closest to 0 b It is closest to 1 c Is it positive d It is negative means that everyone in the population has the same likelihood of being asked to participate in the study a Operationalizing b Placebo effect c Random assignment d Random sampling The is controlled by the experimenter while the represents the information collected and statistically analyzed by the experimenter 20 Dependent variable independent variable Independent variable dependent variable Placebo effect experimenter bias d Experimenter bias placebo effect 19 Researchers must important concepts in their studies so others would have a 037 clear understanding of exactly how those concepts were defined a Randomly assign b Randomly select c Operationalize d Generalize 20 Sometimes researchers will administer an to participants in the control group to control the effects that participant expectation might have on the experiment a Dependent variable b Independent variable c Statistical analysis d Placebo 21 is to animal research as is to human research a Informed consent deceptive b IACUC IRB c IRB IACUC d Deception debriefing 22 Researchers might use when providing participants with the full details of the experiment could skew their responses a Informed consent b Deception c Ethics d Debriefing 23 A person s participation in a research project must be a Confidential b Rewarded c Voluntary d Public 24 Before participating in an experiment individuals should read and sign the form a Informed consent b Debriefing c IRB d Ethics Chapter 3 2l An is a sudden permanent change in a sequence of DNA a Allele b Chromosome c Epigenetic d Mutation refers to a person s genetic makeup While refers to a person s physical characteristic a Phenotype genotype b Genotype phenotype c DNA gene d Gene DNA is the field of study that focuses on genes and their expression a Social psychology b Evolutionary psychology c Epigenetics d Behavioral neuroscience Humans have pairs of chromosomes a 15 b 23 c 46 d 78 The receives incoming signals from other neurons a Soma b Terminal buttons c Myelin sheath d Dendrites An facilitates or mimics the activity of a given neurotransmitter system a Axon b SSRI c Agonist d Antagonist Multiple sclerosis involves a breakdown of the a Soma b Myelin sheath c Synaptic vesicles d Dendrites An action potential involves Na moving the cell and K moving the cell a Inside outside b Outside inside c Inside inside d Outside outside 22 10 ll 12 13 14 15 16 Our ability to make our legs move as we walk across the room is controlled by the nervous system Autonomic Somatic Sympathetic d Parasympathetic If your is activated you will feel relatively at ease a Somatic nervous system b Sympathetic nervous system c Parasympathetic nervous system d Spinal cord The central nervous system is comprised of a Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems b Organs and glands c Somatic and autonomic nervous systems d Brain and spinal cord Sympathetic activation is associated with a pupil dilation b storage of glucose in the liver c increased heartrate d both A and C The is a sensory relay station where all sensory information except for 037 smell goes before being sent to other areas of the brain for further processing a Amygdala b Hippocampus c Hypothalamus d Thalamus Damage to the disrupts one s ability to comprehend language but it leaves one s ability to produce words intact a Amygdala b Broca s Area c Wernicke s Area d Occipital Lobe An uses magnetic fields to create pictures of a given tissue a EEG b MRI c PET scan d CT scan Which of the following is NOT a structure of the forebrain a Thalamus b Hippocampus 23 C Amygdala d Substantia nigra 17 The major two hormones secreted from pancreas are a Estrogen and progesterone b Norepinephrine and epinephrine c d Glucagon 18 The endocrine glands a Ovary b Thyroid c Pituitary d Pancreas 19 The a Adrenal b Thyroid c Pituitary d Master 20 The a Adrenal b Pituitary c Testis d Thyroid Chapter 1 1 D 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 B 6 C 7 D 8 A 9 A 10 C Thyroxine and oxytocin and insulin secretes messenger hormones that direct the function of the rest of the gland secretes epinephrine secretes hormones that regulate the body s uid levels Answers 24 11 B 12 D 13 D 14 B 15 D 16 C Chapter 2 WNQP PP P JNNNNr tr tr tr tr tr tr tr tr tr to PPPEQWWSQP PPPt Q39 gtOOWUOWUWUgtUOUWUgtOOWUWWU Chapter 3 poqoxuthwr x gtWOUWOWU 25 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 wgtOUUWOUUUOW 26
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