HIST1020 Exam 1 Study Guide
HIST1020 Exam 1 Study Guide HIST 1020
Popular in World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kelly Parsley on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1020 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Aaron P Althouse (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 319 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
9 9080quot 11 12 13 14 15 16 HIST 1020W0RLD CIVILIZATIONS II WORLD HISTORY FROM 0 1000 To C 1800 DRALTHOUSEF ALL 2015 EXAM REVIEW I Section 1 Textbook Key Terms Needle compass crucial instrument made available to navigators after 1000 CE that helped guide sailors on the high seas It was a Chinese invention Junks trusty seafaring vessels used in South China Seas after 1000 CE These helped make shipping by sea less dangerous Quanzhou capital in southern China during Song Dynasty considered a Holy City and big on trade Mande a people who lived in the area between the bend in the Senegal River and the bend in the Niger River east to west and from the Senegal River and Bandama River north to south Also known as Mandinka Their civilization emerged around 1000 Timbuktu center of learning during early 1300s Sufism emotional form of Islam that appealed to the common people Rumi religious writer in presentday Afghanistan Jizya special tax that nonMuslims were forced to pay to their Islamic rulers in return for which they were given security a property and were granted cultural autonomy Ibn Rushid Islamic philosopher and scholar Delhi Sultanates Turkish regime of Northern India 12061526 The regime strengthened the cultural diversity and tolerance that were a hallmark of the Indian social order which allowed it to bring about political integration without enforcing cultural homogeneity HeianKyoto period from 7941185 the pattern of regents ruling Japan in the name of the sacred emperor began during this time Angkor Wat magnificent Khmer Vaishnavite temple that crowned the royal palace in Angkor It had statues representing the Hindu pantheon of gods Feudalism system instituted in medieval Europe after the collapse of the Carolingian Empire 814 CE whereby each peasant was under the authority of a lord Francis of Assisi Italian Catholic friar and preacher in early 1200s Thomas Aquinas Italian Dominican friar and Catholic priest in early 12008 Chimu Empire South America s first empire it developed during the first century of the second millennium in the Moche Valley on the Pacific Coast 17 Tiahuanaco Inca civilization of South America 18 Cahokia commercial center for regional and longdistance trade in North America Its hinterlands produced staples for urban consumers In return its craft were exported inland by porters and to North American markets in Canoes 19 Ottoman Empire rulers of the Anatolia the Arab world and much of southern and eastern Europe in the early sixteenth century They transformed themselves from nomadic warrior bands who roamed the borderlands between Islamic and Christian worlds in Anatolia into sovereigns of a vast bureaucratic empire The Ottomans embraced a Sunni view of Islam They adapted traditional Byzantine governmental practices but tried new ways of integrating the diverse peoples of their empire 20 Safavid Empire most significant ruling dynasty in Persiamodernday Iran 15021736 after Mongolians invaded 1200s Turks and Mongolian tribes accepted Islam 21 Marco Polo Italian from Venice who worked in China and wrote Descriptions of the World which discussed China s great wealth his book spurred European ideas of business 22 Constantinople capital city formerly known as Byzantium which was founded as the new Rome by Constantine the Great 23 Topkapi Palace political headquarters of the Ottoman Empire located at Istanbul 24 Flagellants European social group that came into existence during the Bubonic Plague in the fourteenth century they believed that the plague was the wrath of God Section 2 Primary Source Information Splendors of Hangzhou 1 Be able to describe the marketplace in Hangzhou during the Song Dynasty a Exotic goods owers foods luxury items jewelry clothes etc b Very peaceful and imperial 2 What was the liveliest time of the year a During the Lantern Festival New Years 3 What is a guild Include a couple examples of the types of guilds present in Hangzhou a A group of common commercial establishments b Bone Broker s Guild antiques and Fragrant Waters Guild bathhouses 4 Teahouses were very popular and common They showcased art and calligraphy on the walls which only large restaurants did at the time They sold tea by the pint 5 6 What is a plainwater teahouse a A brothel that sells tea as a cover This is also nicknamed a dry teahouse Annual festivals are held for the countless societies Two Views of the Fall of Jerusalem The First Crusade 1 9 The Saracens in the city had been strengthening their walls and Pope Urban II was worried about getting past their defenses This caused the Christians to move their tents and canons during the night so that they were close enough to fight What did the Christians fill their machines with to hurl toward their enemy a Stones arrows burning wood and burning straw For each one machine Pope Urban II had the Saracens had 10 What gave Pope Urban s men the courage and willpower to win this crusade a A Knight on the Mount of Olives began to wave his shield for them to advance Pope Urban II s army was ruthless when capturing Jerusalem the description of the war once inside the walls was bloody and unnecessarily violent Overall he counted this victory as a glorious day for the Lord s people Abu LMuzaffar AlAbiwardi wrote about tears and pity This is obviously a drastically different account of the same battle European and Muslim Depictions of the Mongol Khans 1 2 What are yasas a Mongol law codes When a khan gains the throne a huge army is provided princes come to see him and a new set of Mongol laws are written These laws are collected in the Great Book of Yasas Chinggis Khan was open to all religions and allowed his people to be a part of any of their choice William Rubruck The Journey of Friar William of Rubruck l 2 3 4 William Rubruck was a Frnciscan Friar Flander He traveled around Asia and Europe to convert people to Christianity one of which being Sartaq the Mongol chief in southern Japan This conversion failed and he returned home Who was Mongke Khan s ugly daughter in this passage and what religion was she a Cirina Christian When did Mongke Khan summon the narrator a On the day of Pentecost Marco Polo narrated to fellow prisoners about Qubilai Khan speaking of him as a wealthy regal leader What was the capital city where the great Khan lived a Khanbaliq modernday Bejing The great palace of the great lord was described as a magnificent palace with a moat archers intricate carvings and lots of gold and silver decoration How many people could eat in the great hall a At least 6000 How many rooms are in the palace a 400 Mongol Rule in Russia 1 The Khans of the Golden Horde descended from Chinggis Khan s oldest son J ochi and ruled Russia between 1230s and 1500 What caused major destruction in Russia a Mongol conquests Chinggis Khan ordered that no one was allowed to harass tax or harm clergymen so that they would continue to pray for good fortune in their land Why was the prince of the Golden Horde angry when he sent his letter to the grand prince Dmitrievich a Dmitrievich had not visited the Golden Horde even as leaders rose and fell It had been too long so the prince of the Golden Horde wished ill will amongst the Christians Collapse and Revival in AfroEurasia p x The Black Death Bubonic Plague was sweeping across the globe like wildfire especially in Florence It lasted longer in the central Islamic lands Islam continuously spread however What empire was on the throne during this time a Ottoman Empire What Dynasty was Emperor Hongwu in control of and what did he wish to eradicate a Ming Dynasty Mongol in uence in China culture and society Plague in Florence and Its Economic Effects 1 Doctors did not understand how to stop the Black Plague from spreading or killing people They began assuming civilians had jinxed themselves 2 Unhealthy fruit was forbidden from entering certain towns 3 In the year 1348 between March and October 96000 people had died from this plague
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