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UT / History / HIS 315 / When was the rise of the organized labor?

When was the rise of the organized labor?

When was the rise of the organized labor?


School: University of Texas at Austin
Department: History
Course: The United States Since 1865
Professor: Michael stoff
Term: Fall 2014
Cost: 25
Name: HIS315L Week Four Notes
Description: This is week 4 notes in Professor Stoff's class! I know that there is not a week 3 notes, that is because I realized this week that I actually labeled week 2 week 1. Don't worry, you aren't missing any information. Let me know if you have any questions!
Uploaded: 09/18/2015
9 Pages 8 Views 22 Unlocks

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When was the rise of the organized labor?




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- - a place that drew it's population from all

Who is terence powderly?

over the world. Easy to become "A men'can"!.? AN - "Melting pot

- several people looked down on immigration. SASINO - how did immigration change the face of the If you want to learn more check out psych 102

U.S.? in two edo - people retained their identities & their traditions

Who is samuel gompers?

We also discuss several other topics like rel 108

Ausrotts but over time become more loyal to America. o bardd die Rather than a "melting pot" America is a w hen tossed salad.si

- pluralistic integration us. instant assimilation. la massive influx of immigrants roughly 35 million

otto 6/w 1840 -1920. talle .jstoposto a so people were being pushed out of Europe EHO TVASIMME OS -religious persecution 31 Vlot I alt is ottone NWIRENS - famine edge We also discuss several other topics like What is the bariatric surgery?

- easier transportation - 1907: largest amount of imming immigration

to U.S. If you want to learn more check out nancy roberts asu

- mostly white protestant / O

n orthern european.

-1880s : Global migration Clabor exchange) ront srouw donimistot - rooted in desire for people who If you want to learn more check out csce 2114

Chau s easonally migrated blc of industrialization



COUP 1910c



- all brands of people coming from all over so - all different backgrounds, religions, cultures.

- people were unsure of this "new OHAMON immigrant"

A NOONJWA Smoogd of

came from non-democratic

cultures. How could they be

a American"? .IN 3

businessmen would send representatives over

seas; wages nigh, living easy. cost obert vont sere people came in search of jobs. ANDMA at lore the dream & deal mere different We also discuss several other topics like walter carson pitt

6 z7 NINJ MA - changed complexion & sources & Kind of

immigration that America had sense je traten av since experience di Jawa Nonas no "immigrants were like animals"

osho lived in ghettos syoung to two As Neng nou s immigrants were segregated. TTI ) THE MYTH OF THE EURO – IMMIGRANT "GHETTO "

- polish ghetto, Russian ghetto Little Italy Nostat - characteristics:

- permananti

- poor twotetorg tiw - those who live there are the same.

- Nasyonas NoNtaga Chomogenic) spo NOXS Todas) Notorpine in public policy

low suposo not enot Ni 1st Claw determined where they

eyid in and could live).

- what are they doing in these ghettos?

(o searching for order

- people matched laborers W labor (2) Immigrant Aid societies

-organized among ethnicities



- aid


people, help find

jobs, etc.

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Stay So

(3) foniegn newspapers

es - Daily forward print news of old & new


country. Also gave advice. ☆ immigrants seening to order own world X (4) Ethnic neighborhoods : most important to order lives.

Savanot nich

nonworking class

- were these areas permanant ?

Tood No turnover rate of - bought

507: every 10 years. in the jf way out, B - neighborhoods weren't actually homogenic.

There was always a mixture. wot an- Discriminated within ethnic neighborhoods.

asunto o south Italians didn't like

a to Northern Italians. Public policy: determining factors in Euro-immigrant

were mobility and income. AN. Immigrants were over-running the country

- 2 was this true?

* "birds of passage": come to work for a (postus season or 2, make $$$, go home.

angut cabout 40% returned home) - 1910: 14.5% were of all u.s. citizens were born


- chinese came for work on needed them to build railroads. (

West Coast). - actively recruited by RR companies. lov ter - most discriminated immigrant group at the time

s & even later. UST





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- considered subhuman bio <marginal members of human race. - victimized by bad press & a bad reputation.

tegeledesctors is chinese pou pouring into california w/

to the gold rush

- cali passed a fontegn miners tax

- 98% of revenue from this tax

2000 come from chinese Naung - chinese couldn't send their Kids

to school Ovo - seattle & other Northeastern states

e to expelled all chinese students from

schools. aggos (1880s)

- limited 4 pushed out of cities Ronrod Noron sin many end up in Chinatowns. wil to Chinatowns had all features of a ghetto.

- lots of drugs. No aut lots of prostitution an en-chinese exclusion act of 1882 MINNS antonio- no chinese laborer can enter the

Situs. not now 1870 barred from becoming u.s. citizens

SMON OR (barred from naturalization)

Canon - trapped here w/ a disproportionate sex srow Nositis 2nratio tool

at - couldn't reproduce ni 5 -- high incidena of prostitutionino AV


92 A to tow

high gang / clan count ble no

in aquinoa family life w a CONCLUSION: why do amen cans historically react violentry to immigration? They posed a threat to America!


the strange


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AJOISMA JAISTRUONI MI 28 091715 Exam matching from reading is now

(bold words are important / vocab) so (Plunkit q's not in detail) Lessay

cchoose from a prompts) no ter general q agree or disagree, then

asus more specific qs). need to bring a blue book. - Have the whole ihr & 15 min to take it.

ПВv in pen bacИшр реи са &- argumentative essay orog

- 4 piece of evidence for every historical claim




-unions became the womers response to industrialism na industrialization brought all kinds of changes!

- economies of scale, mechanization - workers this new wond made life difficult Svantang had to compete wi onners & managers.

o under control of powerful manager

• politicians created an in hospitable environment for wonders

y not surprising that they

In organized. nous A - the past shapes everything

- revolution promised :

10 freedom 2) independence dos

3) private property 2p created a competetive society

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- workers saw the above freedoms nuxa c dogout differentiy s brow

Quat. with citizenship came responsibilities

and obligations to serve the

public work on bro"freedom" meant freedom to fulfill

these obligations. e independence to act on issues in as w the community.

• property meant more than matenal

posessions, it was intellectual IM


- pudlers make steel/ required alot

of skill

- their knomedge was their

309 property. JASTUONI OT Iano-machines replaced pudlers & Hanom of sengasp honenowledge (their property) enero to win elo t was stolen from them.

Norto non radical worcers rejected this - fraternal societies , brotherhoods, an cooperative rather than competetive My societies

now ON - no one was a worker & no one

was an owner Equality. HAN c> resistance - Accomodation : wonders who accepted new

system & tried to work with it.

accept competition & caputalism &

find their place in it. child labor


- textile mills o women (257. labor force)


-new kind of labor force created oz you or work was different, too major scales forced

to wonders to produce more & more

o worridas depended on how long it tool Hang how for workers to meet production Junto in less satisfied wonders cho craftsmanship)

o nor was dangerous SUR VO


- hundreds of thousands of brosas atto injured every year on the job.

lou wades, no bargaining irone - regular depressions ravaged farm prices

- Workers were caught in a cycle of

wage slavery ccycles of debt, slaves of the 181 to 18 s economic system).

Luo increased labor protests

- Mwona zow an ao be cause of working hours ! tosid RNO DON - conditions

192000 - 8 hr work day

- workers began to organize! no Ludz – cause, consequence, changercontinuity,

all governed by context. contigency:

multiple possible outcomes.

•Knights of Labor Terrence Powderly

-radical union in -vertical growth in labor - anybody could join! - create a union that embraced all those

who worked in the womeplace ovas - "an injury to one is a cause of concern Log rent for all" NO w now

to usloy remake America

-turn away from competition & create

cooperative society La brotherhood).

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lotu- some couldn't join 10701052 10 vecgamblers, lawyers, banners, 11quor sellers).

gwoms som made & from people's Nody ti wolwon No to

misery ! I Nostonberg - everybody would share profits. Curgonentoo on - alternative to industrial capitalism,

"socralist utopia" conosnant wanted monopolies/trusts outlawed. No vos -distribute profits according to

NINA ability & need. Wag mot-1885:700,000 members still growing

- 1886: massive strives, disaster t to vol 24 tdob to chicago, McCormick

• Haymarket square Riot (18867

- violence broke out JONOW AN Now to suas -bomb was shown

— иос Grred b/с Mob Now IN 18 - conspiracy to stock

gan no

of unient's dropped. unitin - American Federation Of Labor samüll Gompers

laccomodation srde

• exclusive to skilled workers VWGS

ccarpenters, mechanics, tail 013) only white men nu pure & simple unionism

• using power of collective to improve sont en woord corporate capital ist system

e og better conditions, hours, payt Yonos 70 2 Moo accepted socket as competetive, &

norers could maximize their place

by finding their place in it. storo & Nasi AF OF L blossomed


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- survived depression a prospered -1.6 million workers were members - only constituted 12% of wom force!

- why not more?

(1) political system set against

unions. (2) national sensibility that

Americans were individual 13t3 (3) power of managers & owners

hired pinnertons

cstrike breakers - Another 30-40 years would go by

before something would change,

Study Soup


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