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AU / History / HIST 1020 / Where was rudyard kipling born?

Where was rudyard kipling born?

Where was rudyard kipling born?

Description

School: Auburn University
Department: History
Course: World History II
Professor: Michael smith
Term: Spring 2016
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: Test 2 Notes
Description: These are the notes needed to take Test 2. It covers the industrial Age along with the enlightenment period with in it
Uploaded: 03/10/2016
10 Pages 65 Views 3 Unlocks
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Friday, February 12, 2016


Where was rudyard kipling born?



Test 2

British India  

- Religion was a justification for Empire  

- Charles Darwin: Survival of the Fittest, spawns scientific racism  

- Rudyard Kipling: “The White Man’s Burden” : British man born in India  - Concept of British Superiority was put on from Birth in with their alphabet  - The Second root of frustration was with the Entrance exam for the Indian National  

Congress, the exam took place in London and only one Indian Man was on the  Council  

- Resolution 4 called for the entrance exam to be given in India and London and for the  test to be the same so no manipulation can happen  

- Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948): Served on the INC, looked to help gain India  independence, Study in London but returned to India, Felt that the glass ceiling  applied to him also  


What were the development during the second industrial revolution?



- Another important event: The Massacre at Amritsar (April 1919): Troops opened fire  on protester due to the British using a piece legislature of Anti-Terrorism to justify it

- A year after Gandhi formed his non cooperation unit to gain India’s independence - 1.

- 2. Economic Independence: His realizes that the British were using India for its  resources, called for the people to rely on their on manufacturing to survive  - He also focused on salt because it was so heavily taxed  

- 1947 India was given independence and Pakistan was created  

- it was called Gandhi’s heartbreak: The Partition  Don't forget about the age old question of What is the difference between spatial neglect and blindness?

The Victorian Era  


Which events took place during the maji maji rebellion in 1905?



- Coincides with the reign of Queen Victoria

- Values: Empire, Science, Hard Work, Progress, Stability, Material, Prosperity,  Christian morality, Social Reform

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Friday, February 12, 2016 If you want to learn more check out When does meiosis begin and end for male and female?

- Crucial for understanding the sense of nationalism during WWI

- The Murder of Helen Jewett: Skull had three large gashes and half the body was  burnt, A jury of peers was formed to observe the crime scene. Robinson was put to  trial but was not guilty.

- Scientific Advancements: Second Industrial Rev.

- Urban Reforms: public health, housing  

- New Rights: education, labor, vote  

- Mass Leisure: Museums,sports,theatre, fiction : as a result of the creation of the 8  hour work day  

- Creation of modern consumer: department store

- RISE OF NATIONALISM  

Second Industrial Rev. 

Electricity :

Steel:  

Chemicals

Petrolium  

Inventions: Thomas Edison’s Light Bulb, Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone, Wright  Brothers

Henry Ford’s Assembly line changed the way of production. Made a faster product and  was important because it made a car more accessible because it was cheaper  

Chemistry and Medicine: Great Britain did not invest in  

Saw a sway away from herbal remedies and a much cheaper product  Medicine begin to appear to for every disease and was more price affordable  Victorian Era: Social reform Don't forget about the age old question of What is the gallbladder for?

London Population 1850: 2.7 m 1900: 6.6 m

Due to housing reform  

Education Act: Made it mandatory for education between ages of 6-12, it was state  financed so it was free  

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boys would receive a more liberal education

girls would receive less math no science and more domestic skill courses  Gender Division in Education  

Public Heath Act: Meant to deal with public health crisis, All new construction must have  running water and internal drainage: Created public sewage system  

Housing Act (1890): Inspectors had free reign to inspect, also could fine land lords,  Friedrich Engels:

Karl Marx: Communist Manifesto: argued that the history of society is a class struggle,  Class Struggle was needed for change. Outcomes: Classes Society, Progress and  greater wealth for all.

Their message was exciting to workers because it gave them meaning  

Reforms in the Realm of Work: Unemployment Insurance, Minimum Wage, Extension of  voting rights, 8 hour workday, Weekends/Holidays  

Women Wage Work: Teachers 2/3 Women, Seamstresses, Secretarial Work, Sales  Clerk  

The Passionless Ideal: That women should not focus on men but on their own self worth  and career and that a perfect will happen if she focuses on herself first  

The New Woman: Out in Public, Independent, Single, Employed, Mobility, Power,  Delayed Marriage

Typewriter Girl: Becomes a female world where they would be pay less than men  If you want to learn more check out How much consumers are willing to pay?

Flower Girls: Poor Women would gather flowers, it challenges the ideal of the  passionless ideal, Some of the women who participated in prostitution.  

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The rise of Feminism: International Movement, Divided by different agendas and  programs for political change, Origins in the European Enlightenment, “Echo” of the  French Revolution and Industrial Revolution  

Catherine Beecher: Feminism Voice

Emmeline Pankhurst: public protest for the vote: Women’s Social and Political Voice  founder  

Emily Davison: friend of Pankhurst, at the Epson Derby she was trampled by the kings  horse and died 4 days later  

1918 Representation of the People Act: Female property owners over 30 years old  1928: Universal Suffrage  

Mass Leisure: Crystal Palace, Beach ,Sports  

Nineteenth-Century Empires

- European (later USA and Japan)

What makes imperialism possible?

- Superior Militaries, New Technologies, The Exploitation of Local Conflicts, Native  Collaborators.  

- The Scramble for Africa and can be describe as invasion, occupation and annexation. - Great Britain was the first but not the only to Africa If you want to learn more check out What influences chronic medical conditions?

- European countries included Great Britain,France, Spain

- The Suez Canal acted as the invitation for Britain to enter Africa just has the sequoiy  rebellion was Queen Elizabeth was her invitation into India

- It became the first salt water passage from Mediterranean and Red Sea - Egypt king wanted to charge people to use the Canal.  

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- He went to Britain first but they passed due to they had no interest in building  infrastructure.  We also discuss several other topics like How can a person maximize utility?

- France took part and help funded the Canal as they saw a chance to get ahead  - With the canal built Great Britain is now interested

- With the debt rising from the Canal Egypt sells its shares to Britain  - Britain then acquired the canal by military occupation  

- One advantage the British early on was military technology  

- The British had the repeating rifle called the Maxim Gun.

- Other countries were interested in Africa but had no way in due to Britians military  power

- The Berlin Conference was called but they knew if they did not included Britain there  was no chance of getting in.

- Africa was divided into spheres of influence for countries and that everything was out  on the table for communication and visibility with other countries  

- Varieties of Resistance: Direct (War/Rebellion), Emulation and Political Mobilization,  Everyday Resistance

The Maji-Maji Rebellion 1905-1907

- The Rebellion occurred in Tanzania

- The Germans as they entered they began to impose colonial policies by heavily  taxing the people to help maintain control  

- They required unpaid labor to harvest some crops  

- They would enact brutal punishments if a village could not enact a quota for goods of  the town  

- With in one of the groups emerged a spiritual leader that he saw the difference in  weapons  

- He believed that if he preform a ritual over water it would act as a protector of the  people against European bullets  

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WWI

- Alliances: They aligned themselves because they had common enemies not common  goals

- England,France, Russia

- Germany, Austria,Italy

- Germany made the first move due it location and it fearing a two front war due to the  size of the russian army  

- German: Schliefen Plan- German troops move through Belgium swiftly (6 weeks),  Russia needs 6 weeks to mobilize, and the idea that Great Britain will stay out of the  war  

- War would change in front of everyone eyes, it would be something the world had  never seen

- France: Believes in Offensive strategy and Quick Victory  

- Belgium Tatics: Scorched Earth Tatics, Destroy Supply Lines, Fortify Large  Towns ,and Flood Fields

- British BEF joined Belgium in August 1914 to help  

- It slowed Germany down after a month of fighting  

- The French had brightly colored uniforms which made them easy targets in an age of  smoke powder and machine guns  

- The French did not think the Germans were heading straight to Paris, when they  found out they had to scramble  

- Taxis of the Battle of the Marne (1914): 600 taxi drivers picked up troops and drove  them back to Paris to defend.  

- The results were Germany was pushed back and Western Front was established  - Trench Warfare begins

- New Technologies: Poison Gas, Machine Guns, Air Planes, Tanks  - Glory of Combat: “War of Attrition”, National, Familial, and Personal Honor - Constant Bombardment in hopes of moving your enemy back after hitting them  

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- As a result progress would be measures in yards  

- Medicine did not catch up with modern technology as a result there is no anti-biotic  - Chemical would have an effect on troops, mustard gas and chlorine  - Effects: severe burns, blindness,  

- Trench Boots: many soldiers were given the wrong boots, they were given boots that  were good for dry conditions, and as a result they had trench foot  

- Psychological Effects: Shell Shock, PTSD  

- Christmas Truce 1914: German and British thought the war would be over by  christmas, but has the stale mat continued they made a truce and celebrated  Christmas  

- War of illusions: thought it would be a quick victory  

- there was many deaths but little gains has the British lost 60,000 and Germans  400,00 over 25 square miles at the Battle of Somme 1916

- Total War: both military and civilian toll, destroyed civilian infrastructure  - war bonds pulled money out of circulation and help stimulate the economy  - there was a sense of shaming people to buy war bonds, one man was tarred and  feathered for not buying war bonds  

- Ideal that you must ration your items to help the country

Woodrow Wilson

the US had a long tradition of Isolationism  

He was elected twice on the backing of isolationism  

He understood that the United States was a country of Immigrants and that support for  the war was spilt  

He decided to not cut off trade to those in the war but he traded more with France and  Britain.

He provided financial loans to both sides but more heavily supports France and Britain  Entente Powers Owed US: 2 Billion  

France and Britain: 3 billion

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Factors that Made the US go to war: Sinking the Lusitania by U-Boats 128 US  Passengers, Zimmerman Note: telegraph that said Germany would help Mexico get  land back from US if Mexico was to declare war on Germany. April 1917 US Joins  

Germany after the sinking said it would resume unrestricted Submarine warfare  

They believe they could achieve victory in 5 months and that the US could no mobilize  in those 5 months

Wilson described WWI; “ As the War to End All Wars”  

The war shattered expectations in the sense it was different between the massive loss  of life and the new technology it changed warfare forever it gave warfare some of it new  technologies.

Total War: A country uses not some but all its resources to the war effort Blurs line been soldiers and citizens  

national sacrifice  

Western Front has a stalemate, the events would help end the stalemate  Ending Stalemate: U.S. joins the war,  

Harlem Hellfighters: There were initial concerns about arming African Americans,  42,000 see action, They were assigned to segregated units, 369th (Hell Fighters)

Eastern Front vs Western Front  

Eastern Front: 1,000 Miles no trench system, Russia was not able to handle the line it  self

Trouble for Russia: Huge Army poor Infrastructure, Mutinies (1916-17), Chaos,  Revolution was unavoidable  

Fourteen Points: Wilson response: Abolish Secret Treaties, Disarmament to minimum  level, Balkan states de-occupied, League of Nations (Global Watch Dog).

Russia Pulls out of WWI: Territory Lost to Germany ( Baltic States, Finland, Poland) Russia was in the middle of a civil war  

The Last Window of Opportunity

German tried to outlast the US and make a final push, but it did not work with the  addition of US troops the war was tipped towards defeat for Germany  

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Germany was having to ration its food.

Peace Table (The Big Four): Britain, Italy, France, US

the three not there are Russia, Germany, Austria  

The four will try to sway the peace to what their pre war objectives are  League of Nations Created: US will never join the league of Nations  

German was only allowed to have a voluntary army of 100,000, was to repay the  damages

Loss of German Territory  

The Russian Revolution  

Two Phases, two revolutions  

March 1917: Democratic Revolution  

November 1917: Communist Revolution  

Russia remained communist until 1991  

Why Russia?

Ruled be an absolute monarch  

Defined by hereditary privileges and duties  

Overwhelmingly agriculture economy  

Large Peasant population  

Little industrialization

Provides lasting political change unlike the French Revolution  

Revolution was started with the Ideas of Marxism  

Vladimir Lenin:

Pre-1917 discontentment  

revolution requires violence  

peasants replace Proletariat  

Importance of part leadership and loyalty

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1905 revolution after loss to Japan  

Lenin had attracted a few elites that were willing to over throw the Czar  Lenin and his followers had to flee to Switzerland  

Lenin returns back to Russia with the help of Germany in April 1917  10

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