BIO 192-201 Final Exam Study Guide
BIO 192-201 Final Exam Study Guide BIO 192
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Wryan Mitchell on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 192 at DePaul University taught by Dr. Windsor Aguirre in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 79 views. For similar materials see General Biology II in Biology at DePaul University.
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Date Created: 03/10/16
BIO 192 Final Exam Study Guide 1. Community Ecology a. Define: “competitive exclusion principle”, “interspecific competition”, “intraspecific” competition” i. Examples: Paramecium experiment, Balanus & Chthamalus barnacles b. Define: “niche partitioning” c. Define: “character displacement” d. Define: “keystone predator” i. Example: sea stars e. Define: “ecological succession” i. Define: “primary succession”, “secondary succession” 1. Give an example of each type 2. Understand how life-history tradeoffs play a role in the successional sequence f. State the level of organization g. Define: “ecosystem”, “ecosystem ecology” 2. Ecosystem Ecology a. Define: “primary producer” i. Understand how it receives its energy ii. Know the levels of consumers b. Define: “trophic level”, “food web”, “food chain i. Explain how energy is lost between trophic levels c. Understand what “production efficiency” is d. Explain what an “energy pyramid” is and its importance in food webs and trophic levels e. Define: “biological magnification” f. Explain the effects of DDT and PCB in ecosystems g. Define: “biogeochemical cycling” h. Identify the major chemicals in chemical cycles i. Identify and explain the four chemical pools i. Explain the carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles i. Define: “nitrogen-fixation” ii. Understand how the chemical pools play a role in each cycle 3. Diversity: Prokaryotes a. Determine what the components/requirements are for organisms to have “unity of life” b. Explain what a prokaryote is i. What domain are prokaryotes primary found in? ii. State the physiological characteristics of prokaryotes iii. Define: “archaea” 1. Define: “extremophile” iv. State the physiological differences between bacteria and (archaea and eukaryotes) v. State the reproductive abilities of prokaryotes c. Define: “horizontal gene transfer” d. Explain prokaryotes role in chemical cycling in the Nitrogen and Carbon cycles e. Understand the importance of the flagellum i. Understand how it influences their ability to find food f. Define: “biofilm” i. Understand why biofilm is created g. Define: “endosymbiosis” i. Explain the endosymbiosis hypothesis 4. Diversity: Protists a. Determine the physiological characteristics of protists i. Understand why they are considered neither plant nor animals b. State the multiple environments that protists can be found in c. Understand the reproductive processes that protists perform i. Determine the costs and benefits of those reproductive processes d. Understand why protists are so diverse i. Define: “Apicomplexans” e. Define: “plasmodium” i. Explain its life cycle in relation to mosquitoes and Malaria f. State some possible solutions for controlling Malaria i. State the possible issues with these solutions g. Define: “diatom” i. Explain its physiological features ii. State where diatoms can be found, in terms of ecosystem and everyday life h. State other types of protists 5. Diversity: Fungi a. Define: “fungi” i. Determine the physiological characteristics of fungi 1. Give examples of fungi 2. Determine if fungi are heterotrophs or autotrophs b. Define: “fruiting bodies” i. Give an example of fruiting bodies c. Explain what mycelium is and why it is important for fungi d. Explain the reproductive patterns of fungi e. Define: “lichen” i. Explain how mutualism play a role in the creation of lichen f. Explain fungi’s role as a predator i. Ex.- nematodes g. State which chemical pool fungi plays an important in (in the Carbon cycle) h. Explain “why the world isn’t covered in dung” i. Explain the role that the fungus Pilobolus has on this 1. Explain the adaptation of Pilobolus i. Explain fungi’s role as a competitor i. Ex.- Bats and White Nose Syndrome (WNS) 1. Explain the effects that WNS has on bats j. Explain fungi’s role in tree cavities
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