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UNT - HIST 1040 - Class Notes - Week 8

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Schools > University of North Texas > History > HIST 1040 > UNT - HIST 1040 - Class Notes - Week 8

UNT - HIST 1040 - Class Notes - Week 8

School: University of North Texas
Department: History
Course: American History
Professor: Wendy Watson
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: political science and history
Name: PSCI 1040 Bureaucracy notes!
Description: This will be great material to study for the exam! You gotta know this, the bureaucracy is HUGE!
Uploaded: 03/10/2016
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background image Notes:  Bureaucracy Class 3/8/16 - 3/10/16 Cabinet Departments:   - Agriculture, commerce, defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human services…etc…  - Secretary is head of all   - Attorney General for justice   - Heads of departments appointed by president and confirmed by senate   Independent Executive Agencies   Examples:   - NASA   - CIA   - Veterans’ Affairs started here…  Other bureaucratic Agencies   - Independent regulatory commissions: Headed by multiple people instead of just one person inc  charge. The president appoints the head of these commissions in long staggered terms and often one  president doesn't get to appoint all of them   - Postal Rate Commission, Federal Reserve Board   - Goal: remove this from party politics  - Independent government Corporations: US postal service, Tennessee Valley Authority, Amtrak  - More autonomy   The Politics of Agency Structure:   - Creating Agency = issues importance  - Once a group has an agency representing them it is hard to take it away   - Independence from executive, cabinet departments   The Politics of Agency Structure: The Unitary Executive:   - Remember Hamilton: Unified, or unitary, executive necessary for “energy”  - Why strong executive: The buck stops with the president, there is one person responsible for the blame  and the credit if you have a strong president  - Everyone should be acting by the president   - Structure of agencies affects unitary executive   The Politics of Agency Structure: The Regulated Interests:   - Agency devoted to your issue means it is important, gives you visibility   - Agency Capture - A form of political corruption that occurs when a regulatory agency, created to act  in public interest, instead advances the commercial or political concerns of special interest groups that  dominate the industry   - Iron Triangles: Bureaucratic agency, interest group and a congressional committee or subcommittee   - Exchange information, they know each other   - Creates a system of influence that may not be healthy with all these bonds.   - Issue Networks - Simple   - Revolving door   Last time:   - Federal bureaucracy is HUGE   - Congress creates agencies in a certain way in order to achieve political objectives   - Presidential control varies   What bureaucratic agencies do:   - Implement laws and policies   - Techniques: Inspection and enforcement   - Example: Determine whether someone is breaking the law and put penalty   - Making the rules that are being enforced / provide basis for inspection  
background image Notes:  Bureaucracy Class 3/8/16 - 3/10/16 What bureaucratic agencies do to implement policy:   - Adjudication - they are acting like judges   - Legislation - laws considered collectively   - Litigation - Go in Front of the courts   Forces affecting Bureaucratic agencies:   - Congress: Make laws to be implemented   - President: Review laws to see if they aren't what the president wants them to be   - Clientele: People being regulated affects what agency does  Bureaucracy:   Problem #1: Slow and Inefficient   - Going through this process takes a long time to see results and more money spent   - Congressional and Presidential CONTROL   - Policy Slippage: if the president tells his secretary of ed to do something, she turns around and conveys  that to the next person and the next person its like the game of Telephone, by the time the info reaches  destination things have been lost in translation   - Fairness and equal treatment   Problem #2: Ineffective   - Impossible tasks   - Results difficult to measure   Problem #3: Slow to change prone to Expansion and Waste   - “Parochialism”  (Narrow perspective)   - Self Interest   Ways to fix the bureaucracy:   - Termination of an agency and get rid of it   - Deregulation: Take away the laws the agency is implementing   - Devolution: Allows states to be the laboratories of democracy  - Privatization: Take policy objectives out of government control put into private agencies, imposing  profit motive on public activities.  

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School: University of North Texas
Department: History
Course: American History
Professor: Wendy Watson
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: political science and history
Name: PSCI 1040 Bureaucracy notes!
Description: This will be great material to study for the exam! You gotta know this, the bureaucracy is HUGE!
Uploaded: 03/10/2016
6 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
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