Study Guide for Exam 2
Study Guide for Exam 2 CLA 2444
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Megan Standiford on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CLA 2444 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Christine Steer in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 64 views.
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Date Created: 03/10/16
1. Who did Pygmalion fall in love with? a. A statue of a woman 2. Aphrodite is said to be the daughter of Zeus and who? a. Dione 3. The Horae are the children of Zeus and who? a. Themis 4. Sappho came from the island of… a. Lesbos 5. Where do we hear the tale of Cupid and Psyche? a. Apuleius’ Metamorphoses 6. In the Symposium, Socrates relates that the true parents of Eros were Poros and Penia, which mean what? a. Resourcefulness and Poverty 7. Who narrates the story of the three original sexes? a. Aristophanes 8. In what dialogue does Plato inquire into the nature of Eros? a. The Symposium 9. Which mortal did Aphrodite conceive the Trojan Aeneas with? a. Anchises 10. True or false: Adonis was the consort of Cybele who castrated himself a. False 11. Who is the ithyphallic son of Aphrodite who ensure prosperity and guards against thieves? a. Priapus 12. True or false: We associate Crete with Aphrodite a. False 13. Who was worshiped by eunuch priests? a. Cybele 14. Who was the daughter of Cinyras that fell in love with her own father? a. Myrrha 15. By whom is Socrates instructed in th true nature of Eros? a. Diotima 16. Who is the mother of Attis? a. Nana 17. With what Phoenician goddess is Aphrodite often confused? a. Astarte 18. What happened to the women of Cyrpus? a. They became the first prostitutes 19. Who is not considered a possible father of Priapus? a. Cronus 20. Why did Artemis punish Actaeon? a. He caught sight of her bathing 21. Callisto was turned into what after having an affair with Zeus? a. A bear 22. Hecate is a goddess of what? a. Crossroads 23. Who was responsible for divulging Phaedra’s secret to Hippolytus? a. Phaedra’s nurse 24. What city in Asia Minor was home to one of the most famous cult centers of Artemis? a. Ephesus 25. What deity is seen as a foil to Artemis in Euripides’ Hippolytus? a. Aphrodite 26. With what two deities is Artemis usually associated? a. Hecate and Selene 27. What was Orion punished for? a. He tried to rape Artemis 28. In what guise did Zeus seduce Callisto? a. As Artemis 29. With whom does Artemis not share the quality of chastity? a. Callisto 30. Who was the woman whose children were slain because of their mothers pride? a. Niobe 31. What is the function of Artemis that she shares with Hera and Eileithyia? a. Goddess of childbirth 32. What is the meaning behind the Greek word sophronein as employed by various characters in Euripides’ Hippolytus? a. To be temperate 33. Through what god does Theseus pronounce a curse upon his son? a. Poseidon 34. What is Phaedra’s principal motivation in her initial silence, her disclosure to her nurse, and finally her suicide note? a. She jealously wishes to guard her noble reputation 35. What is not a part of the iconography of Artemis? a. Her only male attendant is Pan 36. In what city does Euripides Hippolytus take place? a. Troezen 37. In what constellation is the Dog Star? a. Orion 38. What is not another name for the constellation that Arcas became? a. The great bear 39. Of what city was Niobe queen? a. Thebes 40. Cassandra was condemned to what after she rejected Apollo after she promised to love him? a. Have the gift of prophecy but never be believed 41. Who is Apollos mother? a. Leto 42. Which of Apollos male loves accidentally killed a stag? a. Cyparissus 43. What is Apollo not a god of? a. Travelers 44. Apollo did what to get attendants for his temple at Delphi? a. Turned himself into a dolphin and jumped aboard a ship 45. How did Marpessa insult Apollo? a. Desiring a mortal lover instead of him 46. How did the laurel become sacred to Apollo? a. Daphne was turned into a laurel tree to escape Apollos advances, and in his grief the laurel always had a special place in his heart 47. What king was Apollo condemned to serve as punishment for killing he Cyclopes? a. Admetus 48. The foolish music critic who decided against Apollo was? a. Midas 49. Which musician opponent did Apollo flay alive for daring to challenge the god? a. Marsyas 50. For what action did Zeus kill Apollos son Asclepius? a. He brought Hippolytus back from the dead 51. Who was the youth that Apollo loved but accidentally killed with a discus? a. Hyacinthus 52. The one successful love affair Apollo had was with who? a. Cyrene 53. What was the fate of Cumaean Sibyl? a. She spurned Apollo’s advances and was doomed to live for generations until only her voice remained 54. Why is Apollo called the Pythian? a. Apollo killed the dragon that guarded the site 55. What island is the site of Apollo’s birth and site of a famous sanctuary? a. Delos 56. Who rejected the advances of Apollo and chose the mortal Idas instead? a. Marpessa 57. Who was the father of Daphne? a. Peneus 58. What epithet of Apollo was thought to bear testimony to the difficult nature of his replies? a. Loxias 59. What does the term python mean? a. “I rot” 60. Under what mountain at Crisa did Apollo lay out his temple and slay the she-dragon? a. Parnassus 61. What is the name of the youth loved by Salmacis? a. Hermaphroditus 62. What is not true of Hermes? a. He is the god of young boys 63. What is the name of the numerous statues of the head of Hermes on a pillar, with male genitals? a. Herms 64. In his role as Psychopompos, Hermes does what? a. Guides the souls of the dead into the Underworld 65. Why was Apollo upset with the infant Hermes? a. Hermes stole the cattle of Apollo 66. What is the caduceus? a. The staff entwined with two snakes 67. With which rustic region of Greece is Hermes most associated? a. Arcadia 68. Who is the mother of Hermes? a. Maia 69. What instrument did Hermes invent and give to Apollo? a. The lyre 70. What is not a function or epithet of Hermes? a. God of Florists 71. What epithet of Hermes ultimately derives from his association with the Egyptian god Thoth? a. Trismegistus 72. Who was implicated in the mutilation of the herms? a. Alcibiades 73. What are Hermes’ talaria? a. His sandals 74. With what trickster god does Hermes have the most in common? a. Prometheus 75. With what mountain is Hermes often associated? a. Cyllene 76. After Narcissus pined away, his body became what? a. A flower 77. Some sources say the wife of Dionysus is who? a. Ariadne 78. What are Satyrs? a. Part animal and part man 79. What is the name of the wand carried by Dionysus and his followers? a. The thyrsus 80. What is not true of Echo? a. She spurned the advances of Pan and was transformed into a pine tree 81. What nymph was changed into reds, which were then used by Pan to fashion a pipe? a. Syrinx 82. What happened to the pirates who abducted Dionysus? a. They were turned into dolphins 83. Who was given the gift of wine for welcoming the god? a. Icarius 84. What is the name given to older satyrs? a. Sileni 85. What does the term omophagy mean? a. It means the eating of the raw flesh of the sacrificial animal 86. In the Bacchae, what young king of Thebes rejects the worship of Dionysus? a. Pentheus 87. What is not true of Dionysus? a. From the myths about him, it spears that he was native to Greece 88. What was the fate of Semele? a. She asked to see Zeus in his true for and was blasted by his appearance 89. What is the nature of human beings according to the variant myth of Dionysus’ origins? a. Human beings are both titanic and divine 90. In a variant myth, who is Dionysus’ mother? a. Persephone 91. Who wrote the Dionysiaca? a. Nonnus 92. Why was midas granted the gift of the golden touch? a. He released Silenus 93. What is the name of the sacred band that forms the Dionysian entourage? a. Thiasus 94. Who tries to convince Pentheus to revere the new god Dionysus? a. Tiresias 95. Who is not a sister of Semele? a. Nysa 96. Demeter is a goddess of a. Grain 97. The father of Persephone is a. Zeus 98. Who finally told demeter that hades had carried off her daughter? a. Helius 99. What is not another name for the god who rules the underworld? a. Plutus 100. Who is credited with originating the Mysteries? a. Orpheus 101. Under what name does Demeter travel to Eleusis and the palace of Celeus? a. Doso 102. Whom did Demeter select to spread her arts of agriculture? a. Triptolemus 103. When Demeter first arrived at Eleusis, she stopped where? a. The maiden well 104. What is the kykeon? a. The prescribed drink first mixed for Demeter? 105. What does the term hierophant refer to? a. The high priest 106. Why was Demeter’s daughter required to spend part of the year in the Underworld? a. She ate of the pomegranate 107. Where is the chief sanctuary for the performance of Demeter’s mysteries? a. Eleusis 108. What is not a name for the queen of the Underworld? a. Hecate 109. According to the Homeric Hymn, Demeter at Eleusis tried to immortalize who a. Demophoon 110. What city-state was initially involved in the rites at Eleusis? a. Athens 111. What has been claimed as the ultimate revelation in the Mysteries of Demeter? a. An ear of grain 112. What was one of the most famous of women’s festivals and the subject of a comedy by Aristophanes? a. Thesmophoria 113. What is the term for the things carried in the sacred caskets? a. Hiera 114. Who is the queen of Eleusis? a. Metaneira 115. In the myth of Er, where do the virtuous go? a. Upward through an opening in the sky 116. The name hades may mean what? a. The unseen one 117. Who is not a judge in the underworld? a. Charon 118. What suicide does not response to Odysseus at all? a. Ajax 119. How was Ixion punished in the underworld? a. He was bound to a revolving wheel 120. In the underworld, what is the River of Forgetfulness? a. Lethe 121. What does the term chthonian mean? a. It refers to a divinity who is of the earth 122. What region of the underworld is hell? a. Tartarus 123. Who dressed himself as Zeus and imitated the god’s thunder and lightning? a. Salmoneus 124. What does Aeneas not bring with him when he enters the underworld? a. A coin for Charon 125. Aeneas travels to the underworld a. To speak with his father, Anchises 126. In what dialogue can Plato’s myth of Er be found? a. The Republic 127. With whom of the buried dead did Odysseus first speak in the underworld? a. The seer, Tiresias 128. Achilles in the underworld tells Odysseus a. That he would rather be a slave among the living than a king in Hades 129. What comrade did Odysseus find had not been properly buried? a. Elpenor 130. Both Odysseus and Aeneas try three times to grasp one of the shades. Who were they? a. Anticlea and Anchises 131. What arose from the blood of Uranus’ genitals? a. The Erinyes 132. What comedy by Aristophanes features the god Dionysus journeying to the underworld? a. Frogs 133. What creature guards the realm of Tartarus in Vergil’s underworld? a. The fury Tisiphone 134. Whom must Aeneas bury to enter the underworld? a. Misenus 135. Who was the tyrant of Pamphylia and murderer of his parents in the myth of Er? a. Ardiaeus 136. Who dies longing for Odysseus’ return? a. Anticlea 137. Which god is a consort of Dea Syria? a. Tammuz 138. Which Aegean island was home to the cult of the Cabiri? a. Samothrace 139. A full account of the initiation into the rites of Isis is given in what? a. Apuleius’ Metamorphoses 140. What is not a typical feature of mystery cults? a. Exclusion of women 141. Which sea god does Aristaeus consult to learn why his bees have died? a. Proteus 142. Like Hesiod, the Orphic tradition introduces early on the procreative power of Eros, also called by the Orphics... a. Phanes 143. According to Orphic Theogony, the first principle was a. Chronos 144. Which divinity is not associated with the stories of Orpheus? a. Artemis 145. What is said of Orpheus? a. He was torn apart by enraged maenads 146. Orpheus had his origins in… a. Thrace 147. According to Vergil, Eurydice’s untimely death resulted from what? a. A snakebite she suffered while attempting to flee the advances of Aristaeus 148. What term is used to describe the harmonizing of different cults and their myths into some kind of unity? a. Syncretism 149. What was the name given to the shedding of the blood of a bull in the rites of Cybele and Attis? a. Taurobolium 150. Who sprang from the cosmic egg in the Orphic cosmology? a. Phanes 151. What is not a Dionysian element in the story of Orpheus? a. He plays a lyre 152. Who is sometimes said to be the father of Orpheus? a. Oeagrus
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