Study Guid for Exam 1
Study Guid for Exam 1 KNR 181
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Monica Notetaker on Friday September 18, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to KNR 181 at Illinois State University taught by Megan Taylor in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 149 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology I in Kinesiology at Illinois State University.
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Clutch. So clutch. Thank you sooo much Monica!!! Thanks so much for your help! Needed it bad lol
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Date Created: 09/18/15
Monica Tyler Chapter 1 Questions 1 The correct sequence of levels forming the structural hierarchy is c chemical cellular tissue organ organ system organismal 2 The structural and functional unit of life is a a cell 3 Which of the following is a major functional characteristic of all organisms e all of these movement growth metabolism responsiveness 4 Two of these organ systems bear the major responsibility for ensuring homeostasis of the internal environment Which two a nervous system 1 endocrine system 5 In each case choose the structure or organ that matches the given directional term a distal the elbowthe wrist b lateral the hip bonethe umbilicus c superior the nosethe chin d anterior the toesthe heel e superficial the scalpthe skull 6 Assume that the body has been sectioned along three planes 1 a median plane 2 a frontal plane and 3 a transverse plane made at the level of each of the organs listed below Which of these organs would be visible in only one or two of these cases c lungs d kidneys 7 Relate each of the following conditions or statements to either the dorsal body cavity or the ventral body cavity a surrounded by the bony skull and the vertebral columnd0rsal b includes the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities ventral c contains the brain and spinal cordd0rsal 1 contains the heart lungs and digestive organsventral 8 Which of the following relationships is incorrect b parietal pericardiumouter surface of heart 9 Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection b abdominal cavity 10 Terms that apply to the backside of the body in the anatomical position include c posterior dorsal Chapter 2 Questions 2 All of the following are examples of the four major elements contributing to body mass except 1 sodium 4 A deficiency in this element can be expected to reduce the hemoglobin content of blood a Fe 5 Which set of terms best describes a proton b positive charge 1 amu in the nucleus 6 The subatomic particles responsible for the chemical behaVior of atoms are a electrons 7 In the body carbohydrates are stored in the form of a glycogen 9 In a beaker of water the waterwater bonds can properly be called 1 hydrogen bonds 10 When a pair of electrons is shared between two atoms the bond formed is called a single covalent bond 15 Which of the following molecules is an inorganic molecule 1 sodium chloride 18 It is probably 1 monosaccharide 19 A triglyceride consists of a glycerol plus three fatty acids 21 The lipid used as the basis of Vitamin D sex hormones and bile salt is b cholesterol Chapter 3 Questions 1 The smallest unit capable of life is d the cell 2 The major types of lipid found in the plasma membranes are a cholesterol c phospholipids 3 Membrane junctions that allow nutrients or ions to ow from cell to cell are b gap junctions 5 Osmosis always involves e abc a selectively permeable membrane a difference in solvent concentration diffusion 6 A physiologist observes that the concentration of sodium inside a cell is decidedly lower than that outside the cell Sodium diffuses easily across the plasma membrane of such cells when they are dead but not when they are alive What cellular function that is lacking in dead cells explains the difference c active transport solute pumping 7 The solutepumping type of active transport is accomplished by 1 changes in shape and position of transport molecules in the plasma membrane 8 The endocytotic process in which a sampling of particulate matter is engulfed and brought into the cell is called a phagocytosis 11 The information sequence that determines the nature of a protein is the b gene 19 A pancreas cell makes proteins that it releases to the small intestine Which of the following best describes the path of these from synthesis to exocytosis at the pancreatic cells plasma membrane c rough ERDGolgiDPM Chapter 4 Questions 1 Use the key to classify each of the following described tissue types into one of the four major tissue categories a Connective tissue 1 Tissue type composed largely of nonliving extracellular matrix important in protection and support c muscle 2 The tissue immediately responsible for body movement 1 nervous tissue 3 The tissue that enables use to be aware of the external environment and to react to it b epithelium 4 The tissue that lines the body cavities and covers surfaces 2 An epithelium that has several layers with an apical layer of attened cells is called c strati ed e squamous 3 Matching b simple columnar 1 Lines most of the digestive tract f strati ed squamous 2 Lines the esophagus a pseudostratified ciliated columnar 3 Lines much of the respiratory tract 1 simple squamous 4 Forms the walls of the air sacs of the lungs g transitional 5 Found in urinary tract organs 1 simple squamous 6 Endothelium and mesothelium 4 The gland type that secretes products such as milk saliva bile or sweat through a duct is b an exocrine gland 5 The membrane which lines body cavities that open to the exterior is a c mucous membrane 6 Scar tissue is a variety of b connective tissue
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