ART History Exam #2 Study Guide
ART History Exam #2 Study Guide ART 1906
Popular in Art History Survey 1
Popular in Art History
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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Katie Warren on Friday March 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ART 1906 at East Carolina University taught by Michael Duffy in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 93 views. For similar materials see Art History Survey 1 in Art History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 03/11/16
Art History Exam #2 Study Guide Test Date: March 16, 2016 *****This is additional and some similar information from what the professor gave for his study guide***** NOTE FOR READER: For notes and study guides in this class I will give the full name of the painting or piece of art so that you can either look them up in your book or hopefully online if you do not have a book. Hope this makes it easier to study! The test will consist of 3 parts. The first part you will be looking at 10 different pictures and trying to remember 3 certain things about each one (date, artist and artwork name). On the second part you will be looking at 2 different pictures and trying to recall 5 things about each one. Then you will have 25 multiple choice questions about the vocab list that was providedThis is a study guide that will make your review easier! Part 1: There will be 10 out of these 52 works of art that you need to know this information about each one: o Name of the Art o The date that it was made o The name of the Artist (If Anonymous you put that as the answer!) Ajax and Achilles Playing a Game (Pg. 100 Figure 5-1) o 540-530 BCE o Exekias (potter and painter) Funerary Krater (Pg. 130 Figure 5-2) o 750-735 BCE o Anonymous West Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina (Pg. 112 Figure 5-13) o 500-470 BCE o Anonymous Anavysos Kouros (Pg. 116 Figure 5-20) o 530 BCE o Anonymous “Peplos” Kore (pg. 115 and 116 Figure 5-21) o 530 BCE o Anonymous The Death of Sarpedon (Pg. 119) o 515 BCE o Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter) Kritios Boy (Pg. 121 Figure 5-26) o 475 BCE o Anonymous Charioteer (Pg. 122 Figure 5-28) o 470 BCE o Anonymous Warrior (Pg. 123 Figure 5-29) o 460-450 BCE o Anonymous A youth pouring wine into the kylix of a companion (Pg. 127 Figure 5-34) o 480 BCE o Douris The Parthenon (Pg. 129 Figure 5-36) o 447-432 BCE o Kallikrates and Iktinos East Pediment of the Parthenon (Hestia, Dione, Aphrodite) (Pg. 130 Figure 5-37) o 447-432 BCE o Pheidias Workshop Lapith Fighting a Centaur (Pg. 131 Figure 5-38) o 447-432 BCE o Anonymous Spear Bearer (Doryphoros) (Pg. 134 Figure 5-42) o 450-440BCE o Polykleitos Porch of the Maidens (South Porch), Erechtheion (Pg. 136 (Figure 5-45) o 420-410 BCE o Anonymous Grave Stele of Ktesilaos and Theano (Pg. 140 Figure 5-50) o 400 BCE o Anonymous Woman and Maid (Pg. 141 Figure 5-51) o 450-440 BCE o Achilles Painter Hermes and the Infant Dionysos (Pg. 143 Figure 5-52) o 370-330 BCE o Praxiteles workshops Aphrodite of Kinidos (Pg. 144 Figure 5-53) o 350 BCE o Praxiteles Man Scraping Himself (Apoxyomenos) (Pg. 144 Figure 5-54) o 350-325 BCE o Lysippos Alexander the Great Confronts Darius III (Battle of Issos), (Pg. 146 Figure 5-56) o 310 BCE o Anonymous Gnosis, Stag Hunt (Pg. 146 Figure 5-57) o 300 BCE o Anonymous Theatre, Epidaros (Pg. 148 Figure 5-59) o 390 -300 BCE o Anonymous Dying Gallic Tumpeter (Pg. 149 Figure 5-60) o 220 BCE o Epigonos Athena Attacking the Giants (Pg. 151 Figure 5-63) o 175-150 BCE o Anonymous Laocoon and Sons (Pg. 152 Figure 5-64) o 100 BCE-100 CE o Hagesandros and others Nike (Victory) of Samothrace (Pg. 153 Figure 5-65) o 180 BCE o Anonymous Old Woman (Pg. 154 Figure 5-66) o 200-100 BCE o Anonymous The Ficoroni Cista (Pg. 156 Figure 6-1) o 350-300 BCE o Novios Plautios Apollo (Pg. 160 Figure 6-4) o 510-500 BCE o Vulca Dancers and Diners, Tomb of the Triclinium (Pg. 162 Figure 6-7) o 480-470 BCE o Anonymous Married Couple (Larth Tetnis and Thanchvil Tarnai) Embracing (Sarcophagus Lid) (Pg. 164 Figure 6-10) o 350-300 BCE o Anonymous Capitoline She-Wolf (Pg. 165 Figure 6-11) o 800-500 BCE o Anonymous Reclining couple on a sarcophagus (Pg. 163 Figure 6-9) o 520 BCE o Anonymous Patrician Carrying Portrait Busts of Ancestors (Pg. 168 Figure 6-14) o 100 BC-100 CE o Anonymous Aulus Metellus (The Orator) (Pg. 169 Figure 6-15) o 80 BCE o Anonymous Pont Du Gard (Pg. 170 Figure 6-17) o 25 BCE-10 CE o Anonymous Angustus of Primaporta (Pg. 173 Figure 6-19) o 20 BCE o Anonymous Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) (Pg. 174 Figure 6-20) o 13-9 BCE o Anonymous Peristyle Garden, House of the Vettii (Pg. 178 Figure 6-27) o 50-79 CE o Anonymous Wall Painting in the “Ixion Room,” House of the Vettii (Pg. 180 Figure 6-29) o 50-79 CE o Anonymous Initiation Rites (the Cult of Bacchus), Villa of the mysteries (Pg. 180 Figure 6-30) o 60-50 BCE o Anonymous City Scape, House of Publius Fannius Synistor (Pg. 181 Figure 6-31) o 50-30 BCE o Anonymous Garden Vista, Villa of Livia at Primaporta (Pg. 182 Figure 6-32) o 25 BCE-10CE o Anonymous Portrait of a Married Couple (Pg. 184 Figure 6-35) o 40-60 CE o Anonymous The Arch of Titus, Rome (Pg 185 Figure 6-36) o 81 CE o Anonymous Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum), Rome (Pg. 188 Figure 6-39) o 70-80 CE o Anonymous Young Flavian Woman (Pg. 189 Figure 6-40) o 90 CE o Anonymous Column of Trajan, Rome (Pg. 193 Figure 6-47) o 113-120 CE o Anonymous Pantheon, Rome (Pg. 194 Figure 6-49) o 110-128 CE o Anonymous Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius (Pg. 200 Figure 6-57) o 176 CE o Anonymous Part 2: You will have to identify and answer 5 questions on each of the two art pieces that are shown on the test. There will be about 6 minutes to be able to do this for each artwork. The information you need to know on each work of art is: o Data on the materials and dimensions of the artwork o Patrons who requested the artwork o Who the artist was o The style of the work (visual elements, principles of composition) o Subject (who the art was representing, the story or the type of figures in the piece) o The function or purpose of the artwork o The message it should convey to the viewer These answers can be a few words to a sentence. Only 2 out of the following 4 works of art will appear on the exam: The Parthenon (Early Classical Greek Architecture) Year: 447-432 BCE. Found on page 129-133 o Information from class notes: Kallikrates and Iktinos VIEW (A) AND PLAN (B) OF THE PARTHENON: 447432 BCE Pg. 129 (Figure 536a) o There was a back room that held a lot of riches. This is a temple to Athena Parthenos and she was considered a virgin and victor in war. o Human senses and details of the human body were used to make a perfect building. They started off with perfect measurements and then they tweaked it until the measurements were not perfect but it looked more perfect. o They wanted harmonious proportion with front and sides length. 1:2 proportion: perfect rectangle but changed to 4:9 or so for front to sides because it looked better. o The width of the columns was 4:9 spaced also. o The building was made to look like a piece of art. The crafts men even made the floor curved. o Entasis means swelling of columns. Kallikrates and Iktinos VIEW (A) AND PLAN (B): 490 BCE o Pg. 129 (Figure 536) o Temple has valuable objects inside and this was a temple built to Athena. Picture from web: continuous Ionic Frieze PHOTOGRAPHIC MOCKUP OF THE EAST PEDIMENT OF THE PARTHENON (USING PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE EXTANT MARBLE SCULPTURE) 447432 BCE o Pg. 130 (figure 537a) o Athena was born as an adult and in the sculpture she was just born. But Selene is on one side and is Helios preceding on a horse drawn chariot was on the other. A lot of their gods came from the sea or underworld. Male figure was reclining (Hercules). Or Dionysos is who this figure could be and panther or lion skin is being sat upon. o The two figures represent earth goddesses and grain. Demeter and Persephone. o Other side of Pendiment: o Hestia: Zeus’s sister goddess of heart and home o Aphrodite is daughter and there is Dione are clumped together. o Peplos (a fine robe) was produced every four years and put on Athena’s statue in the Pediment. LAPITH FIGHTING A CENTAUR 447432 BCE o Pg. 131 (figure 538) o Two sculpture friezes and mostly on sides of temple not the front o There were 92 figures on the temple but many have not survived o How do we know there was anything on the walls since some are completely gone? o Ancient writings by Greek writers who described many temple monuments in writings. o People have gone and expected the temple and they know that there was something there at one time. o Greeks claimed these Lapiths people as their ancestors. Centaur is trying to get away at this point and there is dramatic tension in this figure. Both were large and strong figures. o Ionic frieze means continuing stretch o Information from book notes: o Athenians began working on the Parthenon in 490 BCE and it was still being finished a decade later. The Perikles were now in command of the area and decided to get the architects Kallikrates and Iktinos to make the temple design larger. o White marble was used to build this structure. o The supervisor of the whole project was Pheidias. He had great attention to proportions such as the ratio 4:9. o There were many sculptures on the Parthenon and this includes those that are talked about above from the class notes. Euphronios (Painter) and Euxitheos (potter) (Archaic Greek Art) 515 BCE. On pages 119-120 o Information from class notes: o A CLOSER LOOK: The Death of Sarpedon by Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter): 515 BCE Pg. 119 o Red figures are done very well in this pottery piece. Euphronios signed this piece of work. o This is from the Iliad and is one of Homers famous poetry works. His mortal woman friend was killed by Patroclus who was a young warrior. o The viewer can tell the warrior in this work is wounded because red is coming from his body. He is being carried away to the afterlife by two people called sleep and death who were minor gods: Hypnos (sleep) and Thanatos (death). The afterlife was thought to be a field and meadows where people could move freely. Hermes is at the top of this and he has a staff with serpents. Hermes is wearing winged head gear which is a symbol of him, this shows that he is a messenger god. o Details of body show that Hermes is about to turn and foreshortening is used for the first time. o Information from book notes: o 18 inches tall and made of Ceramic. This piece was a Krater of calyx (handles curve out like a flowers calyx) with red figure decoration. Red figure decoration stands out against a black background. o Euphronios was one of the best known red figure artists. He also used foreshortening. o This pottery was used as a punch bowl during a symposium or social gathering. o On the bowl is a recreation of the Greek story of Sarpedon getting killed by Patroclus. Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) Early Roman Empire 139 BCE. On pages 172175 o Information from class notes: o ARA PACIS AUGUSTAE (ALTAR OF AUGUSTAN PEACE): 13-9 BCE. Pg. 174 (Figure 6-20 A Broader Look) o This structure follows Greek tradition with the angular walls. o There are panels on it of Friezes. o The structure is made of marble and there is garlands on it. These folic garlands made of ox sculls in the corners and representing sacrificial altar ceremonies. The garland has frites and flowers of every season of the year. o Back panel: o Mythological origins of Rome. This is classical Greek art from earlier period times with exposure of futures art and draperies o There are scrolling acanthus leaves and animals below them and these are natural theme of prosperity with the animals and bushes. o Information from book notes: o Dedicated in 9 BCE to Augustus’ triumphant return to the capital after 3 years of establishing the Roman rule in Gaul and Hispania. o Made of marble and was 34 feet by 38 feet. o Walled rectangular structure surrounding an altar that was open emulating Greek tradition. Had lots of propaganda on the walls and garlands representing peace and prosperity. Forum and Column of Trajan (High Imperial Roman Art) (110-117CE) On pages 190-193 o Information from book notes: o Forum: o Architect was Apollodorus of Damascus, a Greek o Finished in 117 CE o Made for Hadrian who was a Trojan o This was the layout of the area where the basilica, column, market, temple, and library was in a city. o Column o Decorated with spirals and 125 feet tall. o The band spiraled around it housed scroll information and this column was next to the library. Was a pictorial narrative of the Dacian campaign of 102-103 and 105-106 C.E. o The column depicted Dacia as a strong, stable and efficient commander in a well ran army and that his enemy Rome was worthy. Part 3: This part will be multiple choice questions and there will be 25 of them. On the study guide the professor gave us there is a list of vocabulary terms from the book. I will be taking those terms and giving you the page number they are found on and what piece of art they are referring to since that is a lot that was on the last test. Temenos: (Temple pg. 108) this was the enclosed area that was saved for worship, had an outdoor altar also Amphora: (Ajax and Achilles Playing a Game Pg. 101) this container was created to be more than just a storage jar. Caryatid: (Treasury of the Siphnians Pg. 107) this is a column carved to look like a woman Corinthian Order: (Temples Pg. 108) variant of Ionic order and this emerged in the Archaic period Cella: (Temple of Hera I Pg. 108) this is the inside of the temple, the large interior main room Entasis: (Temple of Hera I) This is the shape of the columns Order: (Architecture, Greek Temples Pg. 110) This is not talking about a specific one but there were different ways to do the columns and connectors on top! Kouros: (Metropolitan Kouros Pg. 114) This is the male statue Kantharos: ( illustrated image on Pg. 117) Large wine cup Calyx Krater: (Euphronios on Pg. 119) this pottery has handles that look like flower’s calyx Contrapposto: (Kritios Boy Pg. 120) example of this posture in a figure Agora: ( Athens Agora pg. 137 and 138) Marketplace Tessera: (Alexander the Great Confronts Darius III at the Battle of Issos Pg. 145 and 146) This is small cubes of colored stone or marble arranged into an image for floor in an important room. Proscenium: (The Theater in Epidauros Pg. 148) raised platform usually used to house the orchestra Torc (Pg. 150 Also worn by the Dying Gallic Trumpeter on Pg. 149) Was a pure gold twisted necklace worn by victors or important Gallic people Cista: (The Ficoroni Cista Pg. 156) This was a cylinder shaped container that held wealthy women’s grooming tools. Atrium: (Etruscan Architecture Pg. 158) this was another word for open courtyard containing a pool and plants Tuscan Order: (Etruscan Temple on Pg. 158 and 159) This is a type of column structure Keystone: (Pont Du Gard Pg. 170) this is the stone at the top of the arch that keeps all the other stones in place. Voussoir: (Pg. 170) the stones that are in an arch and they are wedge shaped. Engaged column: (Roman Temples such as the one dedicated to Portunus on Pg. 171) Columns are set into a wall Groin Vault: (roman vaulting Pg. 187) there are two barrel-vaulted spaces that intersect Basilica: (Restored perspective view of the central hall, Basilica Ulpia on Pg. 191) this is the large rectangular building with a large open interior. Coffer: (Pantheon Pg. 195 and 196) the ceiling has panels and this is what they are called Exedra: (Pantheon on Pg. 196) These are the niches in the walls of the Pantheon that held the statues of gods Pediment: (pg. 107 Reconstruction drawing of the Treasury of the Siphnians) This is the triangle shaped part of the roof over then opening to the building Stylobate: (the Greek orders Pg. 110) the part of the floor or the part that the columns rest on. It is at the top of the steps and the floor of a temple. Acrotera: (the Greek orders Pg. 110) The decorative elements that are on the roof of temples Peplos: (Peplos Kore Pg. 115) The robe the girl has draped on her in this figure. It is rectangle shaped and pinned up at the shoulders Oculus: (Pg. 187 the Roman Vaulting) An opening to a dome or vaulted ceiling that lets in skylight and is sometimes open and sometimes covered. Cubiculum: (plan and reconstruction drawing of the house of the Silver Wedding Pg. 178) A smaller rectangular shaped room off of the center of a house. Emblema: (Roman Mosaics on Pg. 199) intricate mosaic design made in a workshop in smaller square trays and then put together at the mosaic site for the full picture. Forum: (Reconstruction drawing of the central Pompeii in its current state Pg. 177) This is the town center in Roman construction and where there are buildings where people gather at. Opus reticulatum: (Pg. 194 Concrete) this is a roman brickwork to represent a cross pattern
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