Popular in Social Psychology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychlogy
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sean Campbell on Friday March 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psy 2600 at Wayne State University taught by Daniel Krenn in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Wayne State University.
Reviews for PSY 2600
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/11/16
PSY 2600 Study Guide Attribution Theory The theory that we tend to explain the behavior of others as an aspect of either internal disposition or the situation Fundamental Attribution Theory The tendency to attribute the behavior of others to internal dispositions rather than to situations Situational Attribution An assumption that a person's behavior is determined by external circumstances such as the social pressure found in a situation Dispositional Attribution An assumption that a person's behavior is determined by internal causes such as personal attitudes or goals Self-Serving Bias A readiness to perceive oneself favorably Attitude A belief and feeling that predisposes one to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events Foot-In-The-Door Phenomenon The tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request. Role A set of expectations (norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave Cognitive Dissonance Theory The theory that we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts are inconsistent Conformity Adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard Obedience The tendency to comply with order, implied or real, from someone perceived as an authority Social Facilitation Improved performance of tasks in the presence of others Social Loafing The tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable Deindividuation The loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity Group Polarization The enhancement of a group's prevailing attitudes through discussion within the group Groupthink The mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives Self-Fulfilling Prophecy A belief or expectation that helps to make itself true Mere Exposure Effect The phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them Passionate Love An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship Companionate Love The deep affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined Equity A condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it Self-Disclosure Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others Altruism Unselfish concern and actions for the welfare of others Bystander Effect The tendency for a person to be less likely to give aid if other people are present Prejudice An unjustifiable (and usually negative) attitude toward a group and its members. Prejudice generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to discriminatory action Stereotypes Generalizations about a group of people in which the same characteristics are assigned to all members of a group Discrimination A behavior that treats others unequally because of their society norms and the difference between them. Examples could be name-calling, violence, even death for their culture. In-group People with whom one shares a common identity Outgroup Those perceived as different or apart from one's ingroup. In-group Bias The tendency to favor one's own group Scapegoat Theory The theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame Other-Race Effect The tendency to recall faces of one's own race more accurately than faces of other races Just-World Phenomenon The tendency of people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get Aggression Any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy Superordinate Goals Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation Social Psychology Scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another. Bem's Self-Perception Theory When other sources fail us, we look to our own behavior for clues about our true attitudes Chameleon Effect Natural (unconscious) tendency to imitate other people’s speech, inflections & physical movements Social Norms Rules within a group indicating how members should or should not behave Minority Influence The case where a minority of group members influences the behavior or beliefs of the majority Reward Theory of Attraction Theory that we will like those whose behavior is rewarding to us and that we will continue relationships that offer more rewards than costs. Matching Hypothesis A prediction that most people will find friends and mates that are perceived to be about their same level of attractiveness Expectancy-Value Theory People decide whether to pursue a relationship by weighing the potential value of the relationship against their expectation of success in establishing the relationship.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'