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Health Study Guide 2

by: Summer Notetaker

Health Study Guide 2 Health 1000

Summer Notetaker
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

Second study guide for health covering chapters 1, 9-13, and 16
Dr. Shrader
Study Guide
health, Study Guide
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Summer Notetaker on Friday March 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Health 1000 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Shrader in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Health in Health Sciences at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 03/11/16
Health Study Guide 2 Covers chapters 1, 9-13, 16 Chapter 1 Healthy life expectancy; the number of years a person is anticipated to live based on conditions at their time of birth Heart diseases are the leading cause of death for all age groups. Young adults 15-25 are most likely to die from accidents (car) Health: the ever changing process of achieving individual potential in the physical, social, emotional, mental, spiritual, and environmental dimensions. Wellness: the dynamic, ever changing process of trying to achieve one’s potential in each of six interrelated dimensions based on one’s unique limitations and strengths. Risk behaviors; behaviors that increase one’s susceptibility to negative health outcomes Determinates of health: The array of critical influences that determine the health of individuals and communities Non-modifiable determinants; deaths not linked to preventable lifestyle behaviors Modifiable determinants of health; Lack of physical activity; poor nutrition; excessive alcohol consumption; tobacco use Health disparities: Preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged groups Different stages of Transtheorectial Model: Pre-contemplation; no intention of changing Contemplation; recognize problem and contemplate need to change Preparation; close to taking action, make plan Action; follow plan Maintenance; continues actions and works toward making changes permanent Termination; behavior is ingrained Person with self-efficacy will be confident and have a positive attitude If you have an external locus, you believe life events are out of your control Federal student loans are better than private loans because they have More Consumer friendly with interest rates, deferral options, penalties, tax breaks, and fees Credit score is based off the Length of credit history, current debt, total credit available, how often you applied for credit If you have a low credit score, you wont be able to apply for a loan or purchase important things like a house or car If a credit card is stolen, you are still responsible for the charges made before it was reported Fraud is more common with social media accounts because people use personal info for passwords and usernames Chapter 9 Hunger is the physiological need to eat to sustain life Appetite is the psychological desire to eat Enzymes and stomach acids help body to break down nutrients 50-70% of body weight is water complete proteins contain all nine essential amino acids complex carbohydrates provide sustained energy Cholesterol is the fat circulating in the blood that can build up on the inner walls of arteries and restrict blood flow The body is made of up about 95% triglycerides Transfat makes high risk for heart disease Sodium is needed for the regulation of blood and body fluids The most common nutrient deficiency in the world is iron Portion vs serving: Serving; recommended amount you should consume Portion; amount you choose to eat at any one time Foods that are mainly fat and have no nutrient value: Cakes, cookies, sodas, energy dinks, cheese, pizza, ice cream, hot dogs, beer, refined grains Lacto-ovo-vegetarian eat dairy products and eggs Vegans don’t eat anything that is food or food products from animals If eating leftovers, make sure to eat them within three days of the day you cooked it Chapter 10 68% of Americans are obese basal metabolic rate is the Rate of energy expenditure by a body at complete rest in a neutral environment ghrelin is the hunger hormone satiety is the Feeling of fullness or satisfaction at the end of a meal our bodies fight to maintain a certain weight is the theory called Set point theory Yo-yo diets involves a cycle of restriction and weight loss followed by a period of weight Calorie intake has increased for Americans because there are More foods with high calories and low in nutrients exist compared to back then 1 in 6 American children are obese the obesity and overweight in our country is mostly due to the lack of physical activity if you are 10% about your ideal weight, you are considered obese BMI: number calculated from a person weight and height that is used to assess risk for possible present or future health problems If you have a BMI of 30 or more, you are considered obese You have to work out 3500 calories to lose one pound. Very low calorie diet involves a restriction of total food intake to a small amount or the exclusive use of powder or liquid formulas as the source of nourishment Severe calorie restriction causes Blood sugar imbalance, cold intolerance, constipation, decreased BMR, dehydration, diarrhea, emotional problems, fatigue, headaches, heart irregularities, kidneys infections Body image is How you see yourself in you mind, what you believer about your appearance, and how you feel about your body Negative body image is distorted perception of your shape of feelings of discomfort, shame or anxiety about your body Body dysmorphic disorder: Obsessively concerned with appearance and have distorted view of own body shape, body size, weight, perceived lack of muscles, facial blemishes, size of body parts Anorexia can lead to heart attacks and seizures Chapter 11 Adults should exercise for 150 minutes’ weekly Exercise helps the body maintain its Metabolic rate Physical fitness is a Set of attributes that allow you to perform moderate to vigorous intensity physical activities on a regular basis without getting too tired and with energy left over to handle physical or mental emergencies Exercise can improve mental health and decrease stress by making you Feel better about self, can improve the way body handles stress A muscle’s ability to perform contractions for a length of time is muscular endurance The amount of force that a muscle can exert in one contraction is muscle strength The range of motion that a joint or series of joints can achieve is flexibility The relative proportions and distribution of fat and lean tissue throughout the body is body composition The SMART system is designed to help improve fitness The FITT principles include Frequency; intensity; time; type You can measure cardiovascular health by Target heart rate; perceived exertion; the talk test The core muscles are the Deep back, abdominal, hip muscles that attach to the spine and pelvis Most serious form of heat related illness is a heatstroke Chapter 12 1 out of 3 Americans suffer from cardiovascular diseases avoiding alcohol with decrease your risk of cardiovascular diseases four behaviors that will improve your cardiovascular health are: Not smoking; sufficient physical activity; a healthy diet pattern; an appropriate energy balance and normal body weight three health factors that will help are: Having optimal total cholesterol without medication; having optimal blood pressure without medication; having optimal fasting blood glucose without medication arteries are vessels that carry blood away from the heart veins are vessels that carry blood back to the heart the smallest vessels are called capillaries hypertension is when you have constant elevated blood pressure the lower number that represents the pressure on the walls of the arteries during the relaxation phase of heart activity is Diastolic blood pressure the upper number that represents the pressure on the walls of the arteries when the heart contracts is Systolic blood pressure myocardial infarction is referred to as a heart attack during a heart attack an Area of heart suffers permanent damage because its normal blood supply has been blocked during a stroke the Brain is damaged by disrupted blood supply characteristics of metabolic syndrome are Abdominal obesity elevated blood fat low levels of HDL cholesterol elevated blood pressure greater than 135/85 elevated fasting glucose greater than 100 mg/dL six modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease are: Avoid tobacco Cut back on saturated fat and cholesterol Maintain a healthy weight Exercise regularly Control diabetes Control your blood pressure Manage stress 4 modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease are: Race and ethnicity Heredity Age Gender Obesity Strains the heart, forcing it to push blood through the many miles of capillaries that supply each pound of fat Metastasis is the Process by which cancer spreads from one areas to different areas of the body The most deadly type of skin cancer is Malignant melanoma Warning signs for melanoma are Asymmetry Border irregularity Color Diameter Women who have a lot of sleeping partners can get Ovarian cancer A pap test for women scans for Cervical cancer Men should perform a testicular self exam monthly About 8% of Americans have diabetes The pancreas secretes insulin Type 1 diabetes often appears in childhood or adolescence first Common symptoms of diabetes include: Thirst excessive urination weight loss fatigue nerve damage blurred vision poor wound healing and increased infections Uncontrolled diabetes can increase the risk of blindness Pre-diabetes is the cluster of six conditions that strongly increase a persons risk of developing type 2 diabetes Chapter 13 pathogens are tiny organisms that cause diseases antibodies form when the body is invaded by antigens a disease that is always present is called endemic Hepatitis B can lead to Chronic liver cancer or liver cancer Chapter 16 Allopathic medicine is conventional medical practice A premium is “the amount that most private health insurance plans require the patient to pay towards health care expenses before the plan’s benefits begin. Copayments are a set fee that insurance plans require a patient to pay at the time of service. 480 the difference between Medicare and Medicaid: Medicare; provides health insurance to people over the age of 65, disabled Medicaid; provides health insurance to low income people 17.9 percent of the gross domestic product is spent on US health care


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