Southeastern Indians study guide quiz 3
Southeastern Indians study guide quiz 3 21902
Arkansas Tech University
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This page Study Guide was uploaded by Autumn Stewart on Friday March 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 21902 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Rebecca Weiwel in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Southeastern Indians in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 03/11/16
Study guide for Southeastern Indians Early Contact Europeans had two objectives when coming to the new world extract wealth convert souls to christianity Spanish subjugation hierarchy based on conquest English slave trade primarily economic interest in the new world and focus on colonization wanted land for new towns and plantations were in constant competition with natives for best farmland needed slaves for said plantations the natives also wanted trade connections Deer skin and slave trade associated with budding world economy the english wanted skins and slaves and the natives wanted guns the indian slave trade took place before during and after african slave trade native groups did slave raids on other native groups 18th century colonia port towns are booming the french are challenging the english in trade economy natives prefer to trade with the french American Indian policy colonial era natives are considered to be foreign sovereign nations by the crown but sovereignty often ignored high intolerance and ethnocentrism Policies preemption colonists hold the titles to all indian land indians only have the right to occupy the land removal remove and relocatenatives assimilation natives should adopt white characteristics elimination if indians refused to assimilate or relocate this was the policy the violence was justified if indians attacked first or refused to accept god39s law Proclamation of 1763 the british crown reinterprets tribal sovereignty argues that the king must protect tribes from quotcolonial excesses and injusticequot establish boundary of the appalachians that the settlers can39t cross What about the french french and indians war 17541763 a lot of natives side with the french french are winning for the first few years until the natives begin to switch sides to the british then the british win france ultimately gives up american possessions after the french and indian war all indians who sided with the french are punished now the colonists are thinking of splitting from england American Revolution revoutionary war 17751783 now there are new American policies for dealing with the natives Early US indian policy 1787 the northwest ordinance the federal government must respect indian land and property except in the case of quotjust and lawful warsquot commerce clause of the constitution makes indian nations on the same status as foreign nations federal government must deal with tribes and use treaties 1790 indian trade and intercourse act establishes boundaries of indian country regulates trade renewed several times until 1834 Treaties basic setup indian nation signs the treaty and gives up someall land and someall sovereign powers and the federal government enters into a trust responsibility Removal five civilized tribesthe cherokee chickasaw seminole creek and choctaw all signed treaties guranteeing right to live in ancestral lands but american settlers also want this land so presidentjackson makes a new policy supports removal act of 1830 740 tribes removed Timucua origins their cultural development stretches back thousands of years several archaeological cultures with similarities to other southeastern groups quottimucuaquot ecompasses several cultural groups who spoke different dialects of the same language Lifeways the precontact diet consisted of fish shellfish reptiles native plant foods and maize maize not as emphasized as it was in other southeastern cultures this all changes with mission life built mounds out sand for burials and rituals organized into around 35 chiefdoms at time of contact never one large political unit but some chiefdoms made alliances 3 210 villages per chiefdom Leadershipcivil and religious each village had a chief higher chief in main village of the chiefdom hierarchy of chiefly officials from specific clans seperate hierarchy of war chiefs and officials typical villages contained 200300 people in 30 houses large council house matriinea society European contact first contact with europeans was probably in 1525 de soto marched through the territory in 1519 french established Fort Caroline 15641565 15951630franciscan missions in all chiefdoms major epidemics Timucuan rebellion in 1656 spaniards reorganzie missions along the camino real Mission life syncretism of old and new changes include but are not limited to diets religion labor economics traditons continued but are not limited to poitica structure social organization construction methods abor drafts Demise disease labor and warfare cause a continued depopulation slave raids from the north also damage population greatly ast known timucuan indian was on ship to cuba in 1763 4 Apalachees cultura continuity from late prehistoric times through spanish missionization de soto and apalachees evidence for eastern and western capitals vitachucoruled by the peace chief Anhaicaruled by the war chief apalachees put up fierce resistance culturally and linguistically distinct from timucua likely muskogean speakers different artifact styles more reliance on farming than timucua
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