New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

history 102 study guide 2

by: Tessa Mosher

history 102 study guide 2 HIS 102

Tessa Mosher
SUNY Oswego

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

terms and questions for test 3-18-16
World History 20th Century
Gregory S Parsons (P)
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in World History 20th Century

Popular in History

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tessa Mosher on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIS 102 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by Gregory S Parsons (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 89 views. For similar materials see World History 20th Century in History at State University of New York at Oswego.


Reviews for history 102 study guide 2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/13/16
Terms to know: Fascist movement:  based on the ideology that exalts the nation above the individual and calls  for a centralized government with a dictatorial leader, economic and social regimentation, and  forcible suppression of opposition  Benito Mussolini: (1883­1945) burst open the Italian scene with the first fascist movement in  Europe. He began his political career as a socialist but was expelled from the party after  supporting Italy’s entry into WWI. Created a new group called Fascio di Combattimento ( league of combat) Anti­semitism: hostility toward or discrimination against Jews  lebensraum (living space): a doctrine adopted by Hitler, that holds that a nations power depends on the amount of land it occupies. Thus, a nation must expand to be strong  Nazi: short for the National Socialist German Workers’ Party­ originally the German Workers’  Party that Hitler took over and transformed into the Nazi Party Zaibatsu: powerful business cartels formed in Japan during the Meiji era and outlawed  following WWII Nanjing Incident: Japanese took over Chinese capitol of Nanjing, raping and killing thousands  of innocent civilians in the process for several weeks  New Order in East Asia: compromised Japan, Manchuria, and China. Its hope was that Japan  would drive western influence out of China  Monroe Doctrine for Asia: Stated Japan would guide its Asian neighbors on the path to  development and prosperity.  The Great East Asian Co­Prosperity Sphere: Its plan included to increase its power of the  empire to cause East­Asia to return to its original form of independence and co­Prosperity by  shaking off the Yoke of Europe and America, and  to let its countries and peoples develop their  respective abilities in peaceful cooperation and secure livelihood.  Final Solution: Was the annihilation of the Jewish people. This plan was thought up by Nazi  Leaders trying to find a solution to the Jewish problem. Holocaust: A plan and tactic made up by the Nazi Party that is responsible for the death of  nearly two of every three European Jews. It caused the death of 9­10 million other people  that  German leaders felt should be prosecuted (homosexuals, Gypsies, ect.)  Yalta Conference 1945: Set up the Cold War framework­ three leaders met in Yalta to discuss  how to rearrange the situation in Europe after the defeat of Nazi Germany and then how would  they fight and defeat Japan. The iron curtain: the national barrier separating the former Soviet bloc and the West prior to the decline of Communism that followed the political events in Eastern Europe in 1989. The Truman Doctrine: Stated that the US would provide financial aid to countries that claimed  they were threatened by communist expansion. containment: was a strategy advocated by George Kennan to contain further aggressive Soviet  moves  The Marshall Plan: Intended to rebuild prosperity and stability, it included 13 billion dollars for the economic recovery of war in Europe. NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization­ formed April 1949, Belgium, the Netherlands,  France, Britain, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, and Iceland signed a treaty with US and  Canada stating they would provide mutual assistance if any one of them was attacked. Warsaw Pact: 1955­ military alliance between Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany,  Hungary, Poland, Romania and Soviet Union CCP: Chinese Communist Party who resisted the US in creating a coalition government with  them.  PLA: Peoples Liberation Army­ included nearly one million troops  under the communists. liberation theology: an activist movement especially among the Roman Catholic clergy in Latin America that combines Marxist ideas with a call to liberate the oppressed from injustices Salvador Allende: Chilean physician and politician, known as the first Marxist to become  president of a Latin American country through open elections. Augusto Pinochet: Chilean general and dictator who served as president after leading the junta  that overthrew the government of Salvador Allende. Became chief of army and senator. During  his rule many economic reforms were undertaken but thousands of dissidents were tortured or  executed The Dirty War: 1976 when the military installed new regime, using the occasion to kill more  than six thousand leftists  Lula (Luiz Inácio Lua da Silva): a former lathe operator, popular among the countries working  masses and came to power on the promise to introduce antipoverty programs and reverse his  predecessor’s policy of privatizing major industries. NAFTA: North America Free Trade Agreement­ highly controversial in the United states  because of the fear that US firms would move factories to Mexico where labor costs are cheaper  and environmental standards less stringent. Many Mexicans felt NAFTA was more beneficial to  US than its southern neighbor.  Bay of Pigs: a failed attempt to invade and overthrow Castro’s government that took place on  April 17, 1961 Fidel Castro: Established a regime based loosely on the Soviet Model Guantanamo: a bay on the SE coast of Cuba. It’s the site of a US naval base established in  1903, where suspected members of Al­Qaeda and the Taliban were held from 2002  Madres of the Plaza de Mayo: an association of argentine mothers whose children were  “disappeared” during the dirty war of the military dictatorship between 1976 and 1983 Uhuru: “Freedom” in Swahili. A key slogan in African independence movements, especially in  Kenya.  Kwame Nkrumah: led Ghana to independence from Britain in 1057 and served as its first prime minister and president.  ANC: African National Congress founded in 1912, it was the beginning of political activity by  South African blacks. It was the majority party in South Africa.  Pan­Africanism: The concept of African continental unity and solidarity in which the common  interests of African countries transcend regional boundaries. Mau Mau Movement: Kenya’s militant resistance against British colonial rule. Began as a  movement agitating for the return of African land and political right in 1946.  Apartheid: The system of racial segregation practiced in the Republic of  S. Africa until the  latest 1990’s; involved political, legal, and economic discrimination against non whites  Q: Who were the supporters of the Fascist movement in Europe?   ­ alarmed conservatives and wealthy American business men from the 1920’s­40’s D. p.128 What were the opposing views of Chruchill and Chamberlain on how to respond  to Hitler's demands at Munich? – Churchill believed that Czechoslovakia should have been  left alone and they would’ve done better that why while Chamberlain believed that Hitler’s  demands of taking Czech was a good idea that even though they would be losing freedom it  would set them up for a better life . Do these arguments have any winder relevance for other world crisis, such as crisis in  Syria, Ukraine, and Iraq? ­ Many people believe that other countries should help them even if  that means freedom is taken away while others believe we should not help them and let them  work it out themselves. Q: Based on the reading, do you think Japan was an aggressor or a victim in WWII.  Did  Japan bear the responsibility to wage war as an aggressor? – I believe Japan was an  aggressor due mainly to the fact they refused to surrender even after they were told something  horrible would happen to them if they didn’t.    Based on your analysis, does Emperor Akihito's new year statement acknowledge Japan's  war responsibility and apologize to those who were victimized by Japan's aggression? – I  don’t think he acknowledges the aggression of Japan I think he only acknowledges that many  people were killed and wounded during this time of war, no matter who was responsible for it. Q: Based on your knowledge on the Holocaust, do you think that all the Nazi are  intrinsically evil?­ I don’t believe they were all evil, a lot of them were doing what they were  told to do by leaders who struck fear in everybody’s lives.   To what extent can we argue that Holocaust was only possible in the 20th century? – We  can say the holocaust was only possible in the 20  century because Germany was a very well  developed country and the people were easily manipulated into believing the words of Hitler­  they had the weaponry and other resources to be successful and other countries did not see a  problem before it was to late. It would not be possible now because countries are more aware,  treaties and agreements have been made to help this type of thing from happening again. Q: Study the posters produced during WWII.  Can you find a common theme in terms of  how the belligerent parties construct the image of self and the image of the enemy. – The  image of self is very strong and patriotic, while the image of the enemy is very dehumanizing  and showing they were weak.  What were the strategies employed by the producers of these posters. – Strategies were  mainly dehumanizing the enemy using animals to represent them, they also used positive images  for the specific homeland to create nationalism to get people to either fight or support the war  Q: If Cuba saw US as its archrival enemy in the world, why would it allow US to maintain  a naval base on its territory? ­  Because they believed if they did not have the naval presence  and guerrilla wars were launched peasants would try to over throw old regimes According to Che, what is the goal of the Cuban Revolution? – Che believed the goal of the  Cuban Revolution was for change to occur and nationalize key elements of the Cuban economy    Q: D. p.295, According to Ayi Kwei Armah, who was to blame for conditions in his country (Ghana, previously known as the Gold Coast)?­  According to Ayi Kwei Armah  the  conditions for his country were to be blamed upon the rich man who was jealous and was going  to take into their hands the power to steal the nation’s riches and use it for their own satisfaction. D. p.298 Why was Mboya confident that the people of Kenya could surmount the  challenges of nationhood?­  because they had been through enough  and appreciated freedom  enough to defend it with their lives.  Based on recent development in Kenya, was Mboya too optimistic about the future of his  nation?( Please note, Kenya is the country that suffered from al­Shabaab terrorist attack in  2013.) ­ I believe he was, I think that nationalism can only go so far if you are not as developed as other countries. These countries that are more developed and want something from  another country will do anything possible to get it especially if they have the upper hand.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.