Exam 1 Cheat Sheet
Exam 1 Cheat Sheet Geo 1305
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This 1 page Study Guide was uploaded by Callie Burnett on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Geo 1305 at Texas State University taught by Paul R Zunkel in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 563 views. For similar materials see Meteorology in Geography at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
Meteorology Permanent gasses will have the same percentage no matter where you are Big 3 Nitrogen N27808 o Oxygen 022095 o Argon Ar93 o Water Vapor H20 25 heat water Carbon Dioxide C02 039 respiration helps regulate our temps Ozone 03 01 00 absorber of UV radiation Good Ozone near the surface 630 miles on the stratosphere When the sun goes down Bad Ozone near the Earth s surface Smog Chloroflurocarbons CFC s Chlorine Atomic oxygen in stratosphere destroys ozone Hairspray cans Troposphere all weather happens in pretty much this only layer Tropopause boundary between layers and varies in length depending on the temp in regions troposphere stratosphere outcasting anvil top where the clouds cant go any higher so it goes sideways Stratosphere area of little weather Mesosphere coldest atmosphere layer Thermosphere upper most layer Hot Atmosphere vertical structure no definite height lonosphere electrically charged particles within the mesosphere and thermosphere Auroras interactions between the ionosphere subatomic particle emitted from the sun excite atmosphere gasses Mean Free Path the average distance a molecule travels before colliding with another molecule and releases energy isobars line of pressure in areas Electromagnetic Radiation Emitted solar energy is transferred to Earth 12 billionth of the energy out off by the sun Energy transferred mechanisms 2 Conduction use solid materials Convection fluid mixing Radiation no physical medium less than 4 micrometers shortwave radiation longer than 4 micrometers long wave radiation Lmi CT Lmi the wavelength of maximum emission micrometers C Wien s constant 2900 mmk T Temperature k Aphelion Occurs when Earth is farthest away from the sun Perihelion Occurs when Earth is closets to the sun Solar Declination The point where the sun is directly overhead 90 degrees at solar noon Rayleigh the reflection of atmospheric molecules smaller than the wavelength Sky Color Mie the forward scattering process for particle sizes larger than the wavelength of incoming energy pretty sunsets white fog ong wave energy doesn t have a beginning or end point Radiation Equilibrium varies by latitude location between 38 N 38 S Energy Surpluses location beyond 38 N 38 S Energy Deficits Surplus and deficit zones migrate seasonally Energy balances create pressure inequalities winds Green house effect allows short wave radiation to enter a medium and be absorbed reradiated longwave radiation is trapped by same medium warming without gasses earth 2 L8C 0F Convection can be generated by two processes in fluids Free Convection buoyancy warmer less dense fluids rise Forced Convection Sensible and Latent Heat Sensible Heat higher mass requires more energy for heating Latent Heat we relate this to water in the atmosphere Energy must be supplied in order to melt an ice cube freeze water evaporate water or boil it to water vapor 4 states at the same time Northern Hemisphere has more land than southern hemisphere land heats and cools faster than water
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