Structure of a Non
Structure of a Non LIN 881
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hermina Hoppe on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to LIN 881 at Michigan State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see /class/207379/lin-881-michigan-state-university in Linguistics at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
LIN 881 Study Questions Shibatani Ch 6 History pp 119 139 NOTE 1 means unattested reconstructed in historical linguistics 2 X is a re eX of Y X is a descendant of Y 1 Where do the major divisions fall in the history of Japanese and what is each stage called 2 3 5 UI O gt1 9 0 gt ANSWERS on p 119 1 When did each of the 3 waves of Chinese borrowing occur 2 Was there not any borrowing from China before then 1 When did each of the 3 waves of Western borrowing occur 2 What were the major source languages in each How was the Japanese phonological system affected by language contact In what ways is modern Japanese simpler than Old Japanese OJ Has the basic structure of Japanese always been SOV 1 When did the honoriflc forms ourish 2 Why did they What is M an yoo gana brief answer please How old is the tradition of on yomz39 Chinese reading and kun yomz39 Japanese reading of kanzz39 When and how were hiragana and katakana developed When and how was roomazz39 developed What compelled the establishment of Jooyoo Kanzz39 What are koo on and am on gt A and B series of 139 e o purportedly found in Nara documents Is the 8vowel hypothesis supported by philological evidence gt According to Miller yes ie distinct kana used for two sets of 139 e o By the comparative method gt According to Miller yes comparison of Satsuma amp Tokyo vowels Give examples of i o e a and 0 61 alternations respectively gt p 133 Page 1 of2 LIN 881 Study Questions Inoue 2 quotJapanese A story of Language and Peoplequot pp 278 299 3 JAPANESE AND ITS RELATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT 31 The psychology of dependence NOTE 1 pp 278279 The example about how assistance is requestedrendered in Japan ie all inclusive way is exaggerated though there is some truth to it 2 p 280 The phrase D0020 yoroshiku onegaz39 shimasu literally means I humbly request that you be good to me and not Please do whatever you consider fit for me underline added 3 p 280 The author s description of what is expected of a hostess and the houseguest is still generally true though probably not so much when a young person hosts hisher friend 1 Would you characterize the behavior in the three situations ie assistance first meeting houseguest as the result of having the psychology of dependence as a frame of reference 2 In Japan the concept of sasshz39 discernment is important as in the houseguest example One is supposed to be able to assess without being told what the other party is thinking wants etc expressed as sasshi g0 ii kz39 g0 kikumawaru kz39 0 tsukau What kind of effect do you think this has on the general language use 32 Social strati cation and deferential language in Japanese 321 How address forms work in Japanese People s names Kinship terms 3 In JPN there is no way of saying I have a sister literally One must say I have an older or younger sister Why do you think age difference is so important in Japan Personal pronouns NOTE 1 p 283 What the author refers to as pronouns used only by men are actually used by some young women nowadays e g kimi you casual when talking to men of their own age or younger and omae you rough when angry at someone or in jest to a close friend 2 In the old days kimi you casual and omae you rough were both polite terms literally meaning lord and the area in your honorable front respectively 3 p 284 Kare and kan0j0 are actually very different from he and she in English Speakers cannot use them referring to people in higher rank eg one s boss parents babies and children strangers historical figures etc and users are usually young or middleaged people The answers to 4 and 5 are not in the article Please just think about them Page lof 2 4 In certain regional dialects masculine pronouns like ore I rough washi I rough and omae you rough are used by old women as well as by men Does it suggest anything about the social stratification in those regions 5 In many situations when English uses pronouns JPN uses nothing For example When John came to see m last night really liked my M acarena CD so I gave Lt to m 1 Why are they required in English 2 Why can JPN do without them 6 1 What would be a piece of evidence that JPN might not have pronouns 2 Can you think of another possible piece of evidence 322 How non deferential expressions are used deferentially 7 What are some examples of nondeferential expressions being used deferentially You can skip section 323 as it is very confusing especially for those who don t know much JPN Just remember that there are many ways to express similar ideas and that honorifics kez39go is complicated 323 How the system of honorifics works in Japanese NOTE 1 p 287 The translation of 111 should be MrMs Sakai did MrMs Suzuki the favor of drawing a map MrMs Sakai drew a map for MrMs Suzuki and I consider it as a favor 2 p 290 Te age kindly do for others is not an honoring expression 324 How the Japanese decide when to use which forms NOTE 1 You can just skim this section but remember the following Situational e g asking for help guidance trying to sell st Interpersonal Relational seniority eg age rank sex Factors that determine how to talk Personal eg the speaker wants to sound polite and educated 2 The following is true even now Japanese people consider the ability to use deferential expressions appropriately knowing when to and when not to use kez39go to be the mark of good education and good upbringing 33 Some Japanese expressions re ecting love of nature 8 1 What are some of the indications that JPN people are fond of talking about nature 2 How do you think it happened Page 20f 2 LIN 881 Study Questions Tsujimura Ch 4 Morphology 1 pp 114 143 1 Parts of speech categories NOTE It s useful to remember the following about the major categories N V A and P N N V v N V A N V P N V 11 Nouns 1 What do examples ag suggest about the use of tachz39 Is it attached only to humans p 116 a watashi tachi we b Satoo san tachi MrMs Sato and others I SatooMrMs NOT the Satos c kodomo tachi the children the child and others b shisha tachi the dead person and others d sakana tachi the sh and others e hand tachi the ower and others f isu tachi the chair and others g sanso tachi oxygen and others 2 1 What is the function ofthe elements following hon book in 2a 2e p 116 2 Why is 3c p 116 bad repeated as a below Consider also bc below a Taroo wa Nihonjinh to Doitsugo n0 sensei da Taro TOP JPN personand German langGEN teacher is Taro is a Japanese person and a German teacher b Taroo wa Nihonjinh de Q Doitsu go no senseik da Taro TOP JPN personand German langGEN teacher is Taro is a Japanese person and a German teacher c Taroo wa Nihongoh to Doitsugo n0 sensei da Taro TOP JPN langand German langGEN teacher is Taro is a teacher of Japanese and German languages 12 Verbs 3 What does the auxiliary verb Shimau seem to mean Cf finish Ving p 119 a Taroo ga sushi o hanbun tabete shimat ta Taro ate half of the sushi SHIMAU TaroNOM ACC half eatSHIMAUPAST b Taroo ga kekkon shite shimat ta Taro got married SHIMAU TaroNOM marry dOSHIMAUPAST 13 Adjectives 14 Adverbs 15 Postpositions 4 1 How are Japanese postpositions similar to English prepositions 2 In what ways are they different from each other 5 1 Is the copula da and its variants used as a replacement for the specific predicate of the previous utterance p 122 underline added in B below A Kyoo wa kaigi ga arimasu nee There is a meeting today isn t there todayTOP meetingNOM exist TO B Soo desu ka Nanji kara desu ka Is that so From what time is it soCOPQ what timefromCOPQ 2 What would be a better account of the desu usage like this Page 1 of2
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