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OU / Psychology / PSY 1113 / What are the different kinds of attachment?

What are the different kinds of attachment?

What are the different kinds of attachment?

Description

School: University of Oklahoma
Department: Psychology
Course: Elements of Psychology
Professor: Jenel cavazos
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Psychology and Intro to Psychology
Cost: 25
Name: Psychology Week 11 Notes
Description: Lecture notes from the 11th week of class!
Uploaded: 03/14/2016
2 Pages 53 Views 1 Unlocks
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Intro to Psychology, Week 11 Notes 


What are the different kinds of attachment?



Socioemotional Development 

Temperament: Composed of behavioral styles and characteristic ways of responding in people ­Easy Temperament: In babies, they don’t cry as much unless they are uncomfortable  (hungry or tired)

­Difficult Temperament: In babies, they cry about almost everything. They cry to indicate their needs, but they have more needs than the average baby. 

­Slow­to­Warm­Up Temperament: These are cautious and reserved. They carefully  observe and explore new environments, but once they are comfortable and “warmed up” they behave like easy temperament children.

Attachment: Affectional bond developed between a child and child’s caregiver. Scientists Who Studied Attachment: 


Who believed that attachment may be based on more than food?



­ Freud: Believed that babies developed attachment based solely on the need to feed. ­Harry Harlow: Believed that attachment may be based on more than food. In an  experiment, Harlow took baby monkeys from their mothers and raised 

them with  a “mother” made of cloth and a “mother” made from wire. The  wire mom held a  bottle and the cloth did not. In the end baby monkeys spent  more time with the  cloth mother. They physical attachment makes the  relationship different.  We also discuss several other topics like What happens on jan 20th, 2017?

Ainsworth Strange Situation: Test created by Mary Ainsworth to observe child behavior when  separated from mothers. How do children treat their mother when she is in the  room, and  how do they react when she leaves and comes back? Different Kinds of Attachment: 


Define temperament.



­Secure Attachment: Children consider their mother to be the “home base”. These  children will go play away from their mother, but will occasionally

revisit her and  glance back at her. If the mother leaves, the kids will become upset, but  they will  become happy again and resume playing when she returns.  ­Insecure/Avoidant Attachment: These children are sullen, low­key, and calm. They are  not outwardly happy or unhappy with mother. They become upset if the 

mother  leaves and happy when she returns, but they don’t outwardly show  it.

­Anxious/Ambivalent: These children show anxiety over mother leaving before she even  leaves the room. If the mother leaves, they become furious with the 

mother for  abandoning them. When she comes back the children feel the need  to hurt her by  kicking or whatnot, but they also want the mother to be close to  them.  

Erikson’s Socioemotional Theory 

­Developmental tasks that happen as children develop. Overall there are 8 stages. These four  below occur during early childhood. Don't forget about the age old question of What are x-intercepts?

Stage 1­Trust vs. Mistrust: Birth­1.5 years. Do children learn that people are generally good?  Babies’ needs are often met, so they are trusting. Not all or nothing process.  Babies  should have more trust than mistrust. 

Stage 2­ Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt: 1.5­3 years (toddlers) At this stage children discover  how to do things and make decisions on their own. However, it is also at this  stage that  kids may be told that they are not old enough to do things on their own  (“you’re not old  enough to eat that by yourself” or whatnot). It is at this stage kids  learn independence or  dependence. 

Stage 3­ Initiative Vs. Guilt: Preschool age, 3­5 years. Kids are actively seeking out new  activities. At this age kids must also learn the concept of guilt.  We also discuss several other topics like When is the the kkk of the 1920s reborn?
If you want to learn more check out What are primary strcutures?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the minus sign tells us?

Stage 4­Industry vs. Inferiority: Children become more aware of themselves. They become  aware of their grades, start becoming aware of what others may think of them, or  worry  that other kids are better than them. These children are usually of elementary  school age. 

Kohlberg Moral Development, 3 Stages We also discuss several other topics like What factors influence public opinion?

Stage 1, Pre­conventional: Morality is judged based on rewards and punishments for behavior. Stage 2, Conventional: Morality means acting as good members of society, based on the question “What will others think of me?”

Stage 3, Post­conventional: Morality can transcend the law, such as in scenarios of stealing  money in order to save someone’s life by paying for the medical care they need. 

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