Final Exam Study Guide: Terms and Personalities
Final Exam Study Guide: Terms and Personalities ARH 304
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Audrey Pontin on Monday March 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ARH 304 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Vibeke Olson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Northern Renaissance Art in Art History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
*THE FOLLOWING DEFINITONS ARE TAKEN FORM WIKIPEDIA.COM AND OTHER DICTIONARY SITES.* Northern Renaissance Study Guide: Terms and Personalities Terms: 95 Theses: a list of questions and propositions for debate. Popular legend has it that on October 31, 1517 Luther defiantly nailed a copy of his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Castle church. (history.com) All’antica: in manner of the ancients Antwerp: city in Belgium; place of the Guild of Saint Luke and Antwerp school. Ars moriendi: “The Art of Dying”, Christian Literature guiding one in how to die a good and righteous death Art market: selling of production of arts; field for collaboration among art historians, historians, economic historians, and economists Basel: city in Northwestern Switzerland Colmar: a commune in northeastern France Diet of Worms: A meeting of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V's imperial diet at Worms in 1521, at which Martin Luther was summoned to appear. Luther committed himself there to the cause of Protestant reform, and his teaching was formally condemned in the Edict of Worms. (oxforddictionaries.com) Donaustil: a circle of 16th century painters, etchers, and printmakers in Bavaria and Austria; of the first to use landscape painting Engraving: wedgeshaped metal tool making impressions of sheets of metal; engraving technique properly done by Schongauer and Durer Ergot/ergotism: a condition caused by eating rye and grain that is infected with ergot fungus causing fungal contamination Fontainebleau: town of northern France; responsible for the creation of the School of Fontainebleau movement stylistic periods of artistic production in France Four humors: an excess or lack of body fluids: blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm. Het Schilderboeck: is a book written by the Flemish writer and painter Karel van Mander first published in 1604 in Haarlem in the Dutch Republic, where van Mander resided (Wikipedia.com) 1 *THE FOLLOWING DEFINITONS ARE TAKEN FORM WIKIPEDIA.COM AND OTHER DICTIONARY SITES.* Hexenbild: German term translating to the practice of witchcraft Humanism: A Renaissance cultural movement that turned away from medieval scholasticism and revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman thought Malleus maleficarum: a treatise on the prosecution of witches (1486) by Catholic clergyman, Heinrich Kramer Proverb: A proverb is a simple concrete and often metaphorical, saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or experience. (Wikipedia.com) Reformation: a 16thcentury movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Catholic Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches Renaissance: French term for “rebirth”; movement form the 14 century to the 17 century; rediscovery of classical Greek philosophy Romanist: term for painters who travel to Rome, Italy and were influenced by techniques and fellow artists and their works/themes. Seven Deadly Sins: Pride. Envy. Wrath, Gluttony and Lust. Sloth and Greed. The Power of Women: Men are deceived and persuade to be overpowered by women’s sexuality, lust, and sin. Wanderjahre: German term for pilgrimage; tradition of setting out on travel for several years after completing apprenticeship as a craftsman (Wikipedia.com Woodcut: a relief printing technique in printmaking. An artist carves an image into the surface of a block of wood—typically with gouges—leaving the printing parts level with the surface while removing the nonprinting parts (Wikipedia.com) Personalities: Albrecht Altdorfer: A German painter, engraver and architect of the Renaissance working in Regensburg Hans Baldung Grien: A German artist in painting and printmaking who was considered the most gifted student of Albrecht Durer; developed a distinctive style, full of color, expression and imagination. Hieronymus Bosch: An Early Netherlandish painter known for its fantastic imagery, detailed landscapes, and illustrations of religious concepts and narratives, such as The Garden of Earthly Delights 2 *THE FOLLOWING DEFINITONS ARE TAKEN FORM WIKIPEDIA.COM AND OTHER DICTIONARY SITES.* Pieter Bruegel the Elder: A Netherlandish Renaissance painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes. He is sometimes referred to as the "Peasant Bruegel". Commonly Known for Netherlandish Proverbs painting Benvenuto Cellini: An Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, soldier, musician, and artist who also wrote a famous autobiography and poetry. He was one of the most important artists of Mannerism. Known for Cellini Salt Cellar made for Francis I in 1543 Jean Clouet: a miniaturist and painter who worked in France during the High Renaissance; father of François Clouet François Clouet: son of Jean Clouet; a French Renaissance miniaturist and painter, particularly known for his detailed portraits of the French ruling family. *Lady in Her Bath Lucas Cranach the Elder: A German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits and female nudes. Albrecht Dürer: a painter, printmaker and theorist of the German Renaissance. Known as Durer of Nuremberg, he established his reputation and influence in his twenties due to his highquality woodcut prints. Matthias Grünewald (Gothart Neithart): A German Renaissance painter of religious works who ignored Renaissance classicism to continue the style of late medieval Central European art into the 16th century. Known for Isenhiem Altarpiece (1515) Maximilian I, Holy Roman Empire: The King of Romans and first elected Holy Roman Emperor Erasmus of Rotterdam: Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus, Dutch Renaissance humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, theologian and classical scholar and wrote in a pure Latin style. Francis I: the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death in 1547. Jan Gossaert: A Frenchspeaking painter from the Low Countries also known as Jan Mabuse or Jennyn van Hennegouwe, as he called himself when he matriculated in the Guild of Saint Luke, at Antwerp, in 1503. Maerten van Heemskerck: A Dutch portrait and religious painter, who spent most of his career in Haarlem. He was a pupil of Jan van Scorel, and adopted his teacher's Italianinfluenced style 3 *THE FOLLOWING DEFINITONS ARE TAKEN FORM WIKIPEDIA.COM AND OTHER DICTIONARY SITES.* Hans Holbein the Younger: A German and Swiss artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century. Known for Portraits of King Henry VIII. Henry II: a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559.; married to Catharine de’ Medici Henry VIII: king of England, was famously married six times and played a critical role in the English Reformation, turning his country into a Protestant nation (biography.com) Lucas van Leyden: A Dutch engraver and painter. Lucas van Leyden was among the first Dutch exponents of genre painting and is generally regarded as a very accomplished engraver. Martin Luther: A German professor of theology, composer, priest, former monk and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Late Medieval Catholic Church Karel van Mander: author of Schilderboeck (1604); a Flemish painter, poet, art historian and art theoretician, who established himself in the Dutch Republic in the latter part of his life. Quentin Matsys: a painter in the Flemish tradition and a founder of the Antwerp school. He was born at Leuven, where legend states he was trained as an ironsmith before becoming a painter. Matsys was active in Antwerp for over 20 years, creating numerous works with religious roots and satirical tendencies. Thomas More: venerated by Catholics as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman and noted Renaissance humanist; author of Utopia Joachim Patinir: also called Patenier, was a Flemish Northern Renaissance history and landscape painter from the area of modern Wallonia. Diane of Poitiers: A French noblewoman and a prominent courtier at the courts of king Francis I and his son, King Henry II of France. She became notorious as the King Henry's favorite. Primaticcio: An Italian Mannerist painter, architect and sculptor who spent most of his career in France; known for Ulysses and Penelope paining and A Royal Staircase Stucco Saint Bridget of Sweden: a mystic and saint, and founder of the Bridgettines nuns and monks after the death of her husband of twenty years; symbol: tower Martin Schongauer: A German engraver and painter. He was the most important German printmaker before Albrecht Dürer; signed works with “M+S” 4 *THE FOLLOWING DEFINITONS ARE TAKEN FORM WIKIPEDIA.COM AND OTHER DICTIONARY SITES.* Georges de Selve: a member of a family which had undergone a dramatic rise in social and economic status during the late fifteenth; depicted in Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve (The Ambassadors) by Hans Holbein the Younger Giorgio Vasari: An Italian painter, architect, writer, and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of arthistorical writing. 5
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