Adolescent Exam 2
Adolescent Exam 2 Psy 120-020
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Cassie Ferree on Monday March 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psy 120-020 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Raquel Akillas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Adolescent Psychology in Psychlogy at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
Adolescent Psvchologv Studv Guide Exam 2 Cognitive Develonment Jean Piaget Interview children and found they do not like to reason with adults Consistent pattern in reasoning based on age Form schemata Organized pattern of thoughts 2 steps to form schemata 1 Assimilation apply old schema to a new experience 2 Accommodation to adjust your thinking when a schema no longer fits it creates a disequilibrium causes you to create a new schema Piaget s Stage Model 1 Sensorimotor stage birth age 2 2 Preoperational stage age 2 7 a Operation mental processes that can be reversed b Egocentrism can t take another s perspective c Animism belief inanimate objects have feelings 3 Concrete Operational age7 11 4 Formal Operational age11 and up a Reason in abstract and logical ways b Metacognition after thought c Hidden meaning in language 1 Hypothetical deductive reasoning Adolescent Egocentrism Focus on self Individuation Own person Not alike parents Imaginary Audience Center of attention Everyone judging Personal Fable No one can relate Unique life experience Optimistic Bias Reality does not apply Accidents disease misfortune won t happen to them Current Research on Piaget Stage sequences everyone does follow Stage ages too conservative Formal Operations not applied to every part of life Piaget and Education Development comes from internal forces Innate drive to learn Lev Vygotsky Sociocultural theory Thinking begins with social interaction Zone of Proximal Growth Tasks that challenge the kid Scaffolding Guidance or support Vygotsky and Education Development comes from external forces Teach through assisted performance Reciprocal Teaching Students becomes teacher of peer Moral Develonment Freud s theory Born pure ID Age 2 Ego develops Age 5 Superego develops Moral compass Piaget s Theory Observed children playing marbles Age 412 Morality is a qualitative difference in thinking Piaget s Teacup Question 2 stages 1 Heteronomous Morality a Age 4 7 b Right or wrong c Moral realism d Immanent justice 2 Autonomous Morality a Age 1012 b Think on own Lawrence Kohlberg Heinz steals drug moral dilemma Focused on the reasoning behind their answer Asked why they thought the behavior was right or wrong 3 levels of Moral Reasoning 1 Preconventional a Stage 1 Punishment and Obedience b Stage 2 Exchange of Favors 2 Conventional a Stage 3 Interpersonal Relations b Stage 4 Law and Order 3 Post Conventional a Stage 5 Social contract b Stage 6 Universal principles Carol Gilligan Kohlberg biased against women feminist Stage 3 is where men stop developing Stage 4 is where women stop developing Educational Implications let teens formulate their own ideas of right or wrong values clarification approach devil s advocate Socratic teaching Service Learning Programs Teen applies skill they are learning in school to community Direct service Indirect service Advocacy Teen who participates Social Cognition How a teen thinks about others Advanced perspective taking Teen Relationships Sexual Behavior Mixed message Media promotes sex Parents deny it exists Religion forbids it Why do teens have sex Sex Rite of passage Forbidden act Equate sex with adulthood 50 had sex by age 17 USA highest rate of teen pregnancies Unplanned Pregnancy Lack of fertility education Lack of contraceptive education Lack of contraceptive consistency Embarrassment of purchase Communication skills Cognitive development Planned Teen Pregnancy Need to feel loved Need to control relationships Need to feel grown up Avoid making an academic career choice Comprehensive Sexuality Education Start in elementary school Information of sexual development Sexual behavior ex STDs contraception abortion masturbation Interpersonal Relationships Friendships Form our personality Childhood vs Teen Friendships Childhood Emphasis on shared activities Same gender Adolescent Mixed gender friends Value trust and loyalty Conform to peer standards Dating Average age 13 1900s Men would call upon a women Dating scripts Roles followed Still highly in uenced by gender Teen Dating Patterns Same gender groups meet publically Social gathering arranged by adults Mixed gender groups attend on event Date as a pair Reasons to date 6 11th grade Recreational Status Intimacy College Students Intimacy Companionship Recreational Intimate Relationships Triangular Theory of Love Love is not stagnant it changes Nature of love relationships depend on the combo of 3 things 1 Passion 2 Intimacy 3 Commitment Type of Love Infatuation Passion No intimacy No commitment Liking Intimacy No commitment Romantic Passion Intimacy No commitment Companionate No passion Commitment Intimacy Fatuous Passion Commitment No intimacy Empty Commitment No intimacy No passion Consummate Passion Intimacy Commitment Finding a Partner Gender Identity Understanding you are male or female Physical qualities Established by age 3 Cisgender accept gender you were born into Gender dysphoria from childhood feel uncomfortable with gender Transsexuals one changes gender Intersexual both genital organs Gender Role Identity Masculine vs feminine behaviors Psychological qualities Androgyny combine both Bigender change personality from one to the other Transvestism cross dresses Sexual Orientation Identity Preference for males or females sexual partners Bisexual attracted to both Bicurious willing to experiment with gender different from orientation GLBTQ community support group Homosexuality Neurological studies Simon Levay found gay men had similar hypothalamus large part of sample had AIDS Time studies MZ or identical twins had 52 concordance Hormone levels No difference Correlation studies Lesbians have a longer ring finger compared to index finger Psychoanalytic theories 2 kinds of homosexuals 1 Phallic fixation not true homosexual 2 Oral fixation Social learning theory Avoidance learning Early fantasy Exotic becomes erotic Sexual Problems Paraphilic Disorders 91 Odd behaviors related to sex for at least 6 months Must cause distress or impairment to the person OR person harm risk of harm to others Fetishism object is used as sexual stimulus during masturbation or intercourse Transvestic Fetishism wear their fetish arousal and masturbation through dressing Exhibitonsim expose genitals to a stranger for sexual arousal Voyeurism observing unsuspecting people Frotteurism touching or rubbing against a non consenting person touch for excitement Pedophilia sexual contact with a child age 13 or less person must be at least 16 years old Sadism sexual pleasure from in icting pain or psychological suffering Masochism sexual pleasure from receiving pain humiliation binding Other specified paraphilic disorders Telephone scatologia obscene phone calls Necrophilia sex with dead people Zophilia sex with animals Coprophilia arousal and pleasure with feces Urophilia with urine
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