Study Guide for ANTH 2010 final
Study Guide for ANTH 2010 final anth 2010
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by megan Notetaker on Monday March 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to anth 2010 at Ohio University taught by Dr. Sabrina Curran in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 92 views. For similar materials see Anth 5 - Intro to Biological Anthropology in ANTH at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
ANTH 2010 Study Guide for Final Multiple Choice 1. Which of the following 6 Cs describes the tendency for offspring to act in a certain way? a. Culture b. Cooperation c. Communication d. Competition 2. The early homo had a trait known as encephalization; this is describing their what? a. Head position b. Large brain c. Small brain d. Cognitive ability 3. In the early homo had reduced sexual dimorphism leading to what? a. Increased diversity b. Traits began to overlap c. Mutation started d. Nothing changed 4. Which best describes the canine size of early Homo a. They had an increase in the amount of canines b. The size increased c. The size was reduced d. None of the above 5. Ardipithecus lived during which era? a. Pliocene b. Miocene c. Eocene d. Paleocene 6. The sahelanthropus tchadensis is estimated to have lived how long ago? a. About 200 ka b. About 500 ka c. About 2 ma d. About 7 ma 7. What was the habitat of the sahelanthropus tchadensis like? a. A lot of forest area b. Grasslands c. Desert d. Both a & b 8. Orrorin tugenensis are proven to be bipedal because of which bone? a. Scapula b. Femur c. Humorous d. Iliac blades 9. Orrorin tugenesis are also proven to be arboreal because of which part of their body? a. Cranium b. Pelvis c. Arms d. Legs 10. Ardipithicus kaddaba lived roughly how many years ago? a. 3.83.2 ma b. 4.8 4.2 ma c. 5.8 5.2 ma d. 6.8 6.2 ma 11. Where did ardipithecus ramidus live? a. Eastern Africa b. Southern Africa c. Eastern Asia d. North America 12. Which of the following is a bipedal feature of ardipithicus ramidus a. Abducted hallux b. Pelvis c. Humeral torsion d. Both a & b 13. “Lucy” was what kind of primate? a. Ardipithicus kaddaba b. Orrorin tugenesis c. Homo rudolfensis d. Austrlopithecus afarensis 14. An endocast can reveal what? a. Brain capacity b. Foramen magnum position c. Intermembral index d. Bipedal locomotion 15. Which part of the Australopithecus differs greatly from humans? a. Spine b. Pelvis c. Ribcage d. Legs 16. Which of the following are traits of homo rudolfensis a. Robust manible b. Larger teeth c. Larger palate d. All of the above 17. Which combination are the two possible species of homo erectus? a. Homo ergaster/ homo rudolfensis b. Homo erectus/ homo ergaster c. Homo rudolfensis/ homo erectus d. Homo rodolfensis/ hominins 18. How does the cranium of homo ergaster differ from the cranium of homo erectus? a. Homo ergaster has a rounded cranium b. Homo ergaster has a longer cranium c. Homo ergaster has a larger cranium d. Homo ergaster has a robust cranium 19. Endurance running is a skill of which of the following? a. Homo neanderthalensis b. Homo habilis c. Homo rudolfensis d. Homo erectus 20. Which of the following is not a species of Paranthropus? a. Paranthropus aethiopicus b. Paranthropus habilis c. Paranthropus Boisei d. Paranthropus robustus 21. Which of the following theories claims the different human races evolved individually? a. Recent African Origin (RAO) b. Allen’s Rule c. Multiple Evolution (MRE) d. Bergman’s Rule 22. Which of the following intrinsic hypotheses of dispersal has NOT been proven false? a. Increased meat consumption b. Large body size c. Large brain d. Tool use 23. Which of the following extrinsic hypotheses of dispersal has NOT been proven false? a. Escape from disease b. Following predators c. Following prey d. Environmental influence 24. The diet of the Neanderthals consists of mostly what? a. Vegetation b. Meat c. Legumes d. All of the above 25. At roughly what age did the m3 molars of Neanderthals erupt? a. 8 b. 10 c. 12 d. 14 26. Additionally, the eruption of this molar is compared to humans. a. Earlier b. Later c. The same d. This is not present in humans 27. Which species is referred to as the “hobbit”? a. Homo neanderthalensis b. Homo floresiensis c. Homo erectus d. Homo sapiens 28. Homo floresiensis have small in comparison to other hominins at the time a. Feet b. Brain c. Arms d. Phalanges 29. The Island rule is described as what? a. Small animals continue to get smaller while large animals continue to get bigger b. Small animals get larger while large animals get smaller c. Animals are able to maintain the same traits easily d. None of the above 30. Where was the oldest specimen of Homo sapiens discovered? a. Indonesia b. Kenya c. Ethiopia d. Australia 31. Homo sapiens were the first to have what feature? a. Large brain b. Humeral torsion c. Abducted hallux d. Chin 32. Which of the following is a location the Homo sapiens dispersed? a. Australia b. Europe c. Asia d. All of the above 33. What was the tool making technique used by Homo sapiens dispersed in Asia? a. Atlatl b. Pressure packing c. Cromagnan d. Spears 34. What is the scientific method of using skeletal remains as a matter of identification? a. Physiology b. Pathology c. Archeology d. Forensics 35. If you have shovel shaped incisors what do you have? a. An extra molar b. Larger than average sized teeth c. Bumpy teeth d. An overbite 36. Looking at group of people that have a certain trait could be considered what? a. Categorical information b. Forensics c. Pathology d. Both a & b 37. The portion of forensics that allows for “classification” is known as what? a. Discrimination distribution b. Demographics c. Archeology d. Kinesiology 38. Discrimination distribution can help determine what? a. The race of the individual b. The age of the individual c. The gender of the individual d. All of the above 39. Which of the following is a trait of the Ardipithicus ramidus? a. A posterior foramen magnum b. Quadrupedal pelvis c. Small brain d. Extreme humeral torsion 40. How specifically does the pelvis of the Australopithecus differ from humans? a. Iliac blades are more flared b. Iliac blades are less flared c. Longer pelvis d. Shorter pelvis True/ False 1. The presence of an anterior Foramen Magnum is a huge indicator if bipeadlism T F 2. Ardipithecus locomotion was facultative bipad T F 3. The Savanna hypothesis describes the origin of bipedality T F 4. Both homo erectus and homo ergaster lived exclusively in Africa T F 5. Erectines have much less postorbital constriction than other species T F 6. Homo ergaster have an “M” shaped brow ridge, whereas Homo erectus has a shelflike brow ridge T F 7. A distinct feature of homo neanderthalensis is their massive face T F 8. With australopithecines gracile describes the species Paranthropus while robust describes australopithicus T F 9. Homo neanderthalensis did not have a chin T F 10. Sahelanthropus tchadensis had a massive supraorbital torus T F 11. The hand of the Ardipithicus ramidus is very similar to a human’s T F 12. The mandible of Erectines is sloped T F 13. Humans have more adapted arms than the Australopithecus T F 14. There is no sign that Homo erectus used tools and fire T F 15. The climate began to dramatically change 1.8 million years ago T F 16. Homo neanderthalensis had a larger intermembral index than humans T F 17. There is some indication that Homo neanderthalensis purposely buried their dead T F 18. Homo floresiensis had very long feet despite their short femurs T F 19. 65 45 thousand years ago sea levels would have been 100 meters higher T F 20. There are very few forensic databases T F 21. Fingerprinting can offer the full genome T F 22. The Hominini used the bentknee walking method T F 23. The bones discovered of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis were in the skull T F 24. Ardipithecus lived roughly 200 ka T F 25. Ardipithicus ramidus has relatively thick enamel T F 26. Ardipithicus were partially arboreal T F 27. “Salem” as seen in the movie in class is a Australopithecus afarensis T F 28. The savannah hypothesis does not help us understand where the origin of tool use came from T F 29. An external nose is a distinct feature of Erectines T F 30. Homo erectus was a facultative bipad T F Answer Key 1. A 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. A 6. D 7. D 8. B 9. C 10. C 11. A 12. D 13. D 14. A 15. B 16. D 17. B 18. A 19. B 20. B 21. C 22. A 23. D 24. B 25. D 26. A 27. B 28. B 29. B 30. C 31. D 32. D 33. B 34. D 35. C 36. D 37. A 38. D 39. C 40. A True/ False 1. T 2. T 3. F 4. F 5. T 6. T 7. T 8. F 9. T 10. T 11. F 12. T 13. F 14. F 15. T 16. F 17. T 18. T 19. F 20. F 21. F 22. T 23. T 24. F 25. F 26. T 27. T 28. F 29. T 30. F
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