Test Review (chapters 1-4)
Test Review (chapters 1-4) SOCL 100
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Allyson Notetaker on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOCL 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Matthew Pruitt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 134 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
Test Review for test on September 23 2015 Chapter 1 According to C Wright Mills what is the sociological imagination 0 Our individual behavior is in uenced by social factors where and how others and we fit into the big picture What does the sociological imagination emphasize o The connection between personal troubles and structural issues Comte saw sociology as the scientific study of what two aspects of society 0 Social statics and social dynamics Know what is meant by social statics and social dynamics 0 Social statics study of social stability and order 0 Social dynamics study of social change Marx maintained that economic issues produce divisiveness rather than social solidarity What were just as crucial as economic factors in shaping and changing societies according to Weber 0 Ideas religious values ideologies and charismatic leaders A researcher who is value free does what 0 Separates her or his personal values opinions ideology and beliefs from scientific research According to Weber what was the task of the teacher 0 To provide students with knowledge and scientific experience and not to imprint the teachers personal views Much of contemporary functionalism grew out of the work of what two sociologists 0 August Comte and Emile Durkheim Know the definitions of functions dysfunctional manifest functions and latent functions 0 Functions purposes and activities to meet different needs that contribute to a society s stability and survival 0 Dysfunctional social patterns that have a negative impact on a group or society 0 Manifest functions functions that are intended and recognized they are present and clearly evident 0 Latent functions functions that are unintended and unrecognized they are not present but not immediate obvious Con ict theorists see society as a system of what 0 A system of widespread inequality Chapter 3 Goodlooking people earn how much more than averagelooking people 0 5 more per hour Obese women earn how much less than women of average weight 0 17 less an hour What state has a Death with Dignity law Oregon What does the Death with Dignity law allow 0 Physicianassisted suicide for terminally ill patients whose suffering is unbearable who lose bodily functions and who want control over their death The Japanese parliament recently passed a law making what a compulsory part of school curricula 0 Love of country Those who support the above law hope that it will counteract that they believe has undermined What are folkways 0 Norms that members of a society see as not being critical and that may be broken without severe punishment What are mores 0 Norms that members of a society consider very important because they maintain moral and ethical behavior What are laws 0 Formal rules about behavior that are defined by a political authority that has the power to punish violators In Singapore citizens who want to chew gum must do what 0 What are cultural universals 0 Customs and practices that are common to all societies About 75 of the world s population eat insects as part of their diet South Korea has an estimated 6000 restaurants that specialize in dog meat because it s easier to digest than many other meats Know the definitions of ideal culture and real culture 0 Ideal culture the beliefs values and norms that people in a society say they hold or follow 0 Real culture the actual everyday behavior of people in a society During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there was rampant antiimmigration sentiment toward people from where 0 Ireland Poland and other European countries The Immigration Act of 1924 used quotas to limit Italian and Jewish immigration To what does multiculturalism refer o The coexistence of several cultures in the same geographic area without one culture dominating another What is culture shock 0 A sense of confusion uncertainty disorientation or anxiety that accompanies exposure to an unfamiliar way of life or environment What is popular culture 0 The beliefs practices activities and products that are widely shared among a population in everyday life A third of the content on morning shows is essentially doing what 0 Selling something that the corporation owns Anthropologist Ralph Linton 1964 estimated that what percent of the elements of any culture are a result of diffusion 0 90 When the Soviet Union invaded and took over many small countries what did it do o It forbade citizens to speak their native languages banned traditions and customs and turned churches into warehouses For functionalists culture is what 0 A cement that bonds society Con ict theorists argue that culture can generate what 0 Considerate inequality instead of unify society Chapter 4 A study of brain scans found that the ventromedial prefrontal cortex may predispose people to have what 0 A negative outlook on life Physical psychological or sexual abuse can affect the developing brain during childhood and the changes may trigger disorders such as depression in adulthood How much more likely were the children of parents who smoke and drank to buy cigarettes and alcohol for a visiting friend of their Barbie or Ken doll o 28 bought cigarettes 61 bought alcohol Being successful in the presentation of the self requires managing what three types of expressive resources 0 Control the setting the physical space or scene and where the interaction takes place How do authoritarian and authoritative parenting differ o Authoritarian harsh unresponsive and rigid and to use their power to control their child s behavior 0 Authoritative warm responsive and involved yet unobtrusive Healthy child development is most likely in what types of homes 0 Authoritative homes Peer groups are especially in uential until about what age 0 Mid20s Peer groups can be important sources of support for teens and increase their selfesteem especially for what types of adolescents 0 Have poor relationships with their parents or feel insecure about their appearance or their abilities What is the advice of the American Academy of Pediatrics with regard to television viewing for children younger than 2 years and for elementary school children 0 No more than 2 hours a day How much evidence is there that television viewing causes violence 0 None Violent crimes in society have decreased despite the increased depiction of violence on television and other electronic media
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