HISTORY - 1865; CHAPTERS 1-3; EXAM 1
HISTORY - 1865; CHAPTERS 1-3; EXAM 1 HIST 111 001
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samone Hodges on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 111 001 at Radford University taught by Straw in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1865 in Social Work at Radford University.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
US HISTORY TO 1865 WEEK ONE CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 2 NATIVE AMERICANS OLD WORLDS Pre Columbian before Columbus lt 1492 0 Book 1421 theory of the Chinese landed in north America 15 century Europe 1400s 14501850 exploration expansion colonization Two experiences that Europeans had 1 Clash of cultures a Problems with the indigenous population because of the cultural baggage that the Europeans had 2 Environmental adaptation a Not familiar with wildlifeforeign soil main goal for the Europeans was to gain control of EVERY aspect that wasn t familiar to them Present conditions context what is happening around an event explains why the event is happening evidence based European exploration Expansion glold Ilory Iod 15th century 0 recovering from the plague population 0 technology sailing navigation build safety 0 political developments O consolidation of land amp power 0 religion spread the beliefs of the Europeans Christopher Columbus was in uences by the journal of Marco Polo Used to reference the ainu Asian people believes that when he is in the Bahamas he was in Cathe because of Polo s description of the Ainu resembled them in the Bahamas Columbian Exchange Exchange of goods from the new world to the old world vice versa Costdamages O Ie old world benefitted more than the new world I Tobacco I Food healthier I Animals healthier I Diseases small pox measles 15001800 population of Europe doubled because of the food from the new world population declined in the new world from European diseases English Reformation 14921607 Failure of the British to colonize attempted to send explorers across the ocean 15 841587 efforts by the British that also failed Sir Walter Raleigh 0 Sent expeditions across the ocean I Motive profit in Virginia I gather goods like the Spanish did 1590 supply ship arrived wo supplies or people I CROATAN in tree Queen Elizabeth I I James I had bible translated to common day English church of England wanted people to be able to read and understand the bible Today v 1620 value of education in New England 0 wanted people to be able to read the bible so getting an education was the law VA Company of London Find a way to successfully find the gold joint company AKA corporation trip was expensive amp risky with loss of 1606 successful enough to fund 3 ships 114 men 0 no women because goal was strictly not to settle Joint stock company was made to limit the risk and costs King James didn t provide funds Looked to capitalists for their technique of spreading the risk around 1607 established Jamestown People on the ships 0 all men 0 13 gentlemen O didn t have to work 0 born into money 0 13 laborers no specific trade 0 nobody w skills that would benefit the tasks and motives 0 no farmers wouldn t give up their land back home to go explore WEEK TWO CONFLICT MENTALITY BRITISH V NATIVE AMERICANS Biggest differences in the two societies 1 Property 2 Sense of Superiority 16071624 0 8000 immigrants came to VA from England 0 1300 people left Captain John Smith soldier of fortune instituted military discipline 0 no work no food saved the colony egalitarian mindset 16091612 John Smith initiated exchange of goods with the Native Americans tobacco saved the colony 1St and lasting product that made the settlers John Rolf 1611 went to the Caribbean brought back seeds of tobacco after seeing Indians smoking it Tobacco addictive 0 requires a lot of LAND takes nutrients out of soil and never restores it 16131624 increase in the Native Americans amp settlers due to land consumption LABOR needed constant attention not enough people to supply labor England surplus of labor 0 Indentured servant wealthy in America will pay for their passage England to America 0 bought for labor 0 would have land after contract was over to make 1619 ships of women arrive in Jamestown Problem English men not interested in NA women Family life in VA 1Tobacco reps lots of land 2 Settlements expand a Widely dispersed selfsufficient plantations i Encouraged by rivers amp tobacco 3 Pattern is good for tobacco bad for defense amp community development Nativeborn population exceeds the immigrants population ONLY after 1700 4 1622 The Indians attacks amp kills 13 of settlers English selfsuf cient plantations vanished the need for a major port city to develop ships go straight to and from the plantations on the corner WEEK THREE COLONIZATION OF THE SOUTH PURITANS ENGLISH 0 No freedom of religion 0 Calvinism accurate respresentationJohn C 0 John Calvin referred to Martin Luther Awareness of relationship with the church and followers 0 0 MAIN BELIEF Predestination god has decided your fate before birth heaven or hell I Also made people powerless to know for sure what your fate is 0 Elect saved predestined to go to heaven 0 Soul search to preview your faithfind your destiny not a woman 0 Gave the Elect the ability to accept their salvation live life of good works I Had to convince the other elect members that you are saved l Any about indicated you re destined to go to hell threat to puritans Anne Hutchinson 0 Believed God spoke to her and approved her of being an elect 0 Calvinists 1 separatist smaller more radical a Believed in saving themselves to separate from Church of England 2 Congregationalists mild a Believed they could remain part of the Church of England to reform and make pure MAYFLOWER est Plymouth 1620 came to America 0 101 men women families a few notPuritans 0 meant to establish colonies 0 brought nonpuritans for work made them conform to the Puritan religion Reason for the success climate worked in their favor fewer Indians willingness to work motive 1629 Congregationalists came founded Massachusetts Bay Colony AKA Boston evidence of motive to stay 0 bring families women men 0 passengers ended life in England to get upshop in America May ower compact created political organization for the community created elected governor idea 2 town meeting all important decisions were made i act of consenses agreement from everybody not majority rule ii elect voted men saved 1 meant that it wasn t hard to make a decision 1643 Plymouth amp Massachusetts had about 20000 people compared to the p x 1300 people left after 1st attempt O mortality rate was lower than it was in England more births 0 people lived longer ate better than in England intentionalutopian communities made with intention to create a perfect community VA individual is important New England populationnot egalitarian group is important Christian Charity Puritansgroup based good of the group ahead of your own ideal of the covenant promisecontract not egalitarian worked w hierarchy O diversified farming to support group Town v Plantation w 50 people had to have church amp school so they can learn how to read bible O puritans NE publicly funded O everybody was taxed even though not everyone could vote Roger Williams separatistsadvocate separation of church amp state 1631 arrived in Plymouth eccentric opinions O criticizes the statechurch 0 major puritan criticism I personal salvation is unknown Why force everyone to conform to our beliefs 1635 banished from community 0 went south founded Rhode Island I colony noted for tolerance I religious freedom Anne Hutchinson 1634 arrived in Plymouth after church expressed to women an alternative to Christianity 0 elect can communicate DIRECTLY W God and absolutely sure of salvation God says I Heresy Threat because she was a woman 1637 banished from community 0 also went down south VA 12 children survived per family NE 57 children survived per family
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