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Weekly Study Guides CPSY 2301
U of M
Popular in Introductory Child Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Cassie Ng on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to CPSY 2301 at University of Minnesota taught by Henriette Warren in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 209 views. For similar materials see Introductory Child Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Minnesota.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
Basic Issues September 10amp15 2015 1 What is the study of child Psychology What do the development scientists study Child Psychology is a eld of study devoted to understanding all aspects of human growth from conception through adolescence 1Physica Development 2Cognitive Development 3 Emotional amp Social Development Development Science A eld of study that focuses on the range of children s physical intellectual social amp emotional developments 2 Describe ways that views of childhood have shifted throughout history What sources of information inform us about earlier beliefs Pictures Children s play Old important physical development motor development Nowgymnastic equipment ladders climbing bars swings design features intended to faster creativity amp social interaction Social beliefs Posters wealth of information Old Child care manuals books parent magazines Now Internet mass media Old Art amp coroner s reports each yields a somewhat different picture of how people viewed children amp childhood 3 Before People did not given much thought to children or their special needs Medieval times no understanding of childhood as unique period of the life course amp children were considered miniature adults children were not provide with special toys or clothes amp were not cared for in ways that took into amount their intellectual abilities amp limitations 19th century Mrtha Wolfenstein 1953 Analyzed manuals on infant care The manuals urged mothers to wage war on their children s sinful amp rebellions nature not manuals mothers were encouraged to use a variety of physical restrain such as tying their children s feet to opposite sides of the crib to prevent their thighs from rubbing together amp pinning the sleeves of their nightshifts to the bed to prevent their touching themselves Industrialization transformed the contexts in which developed in 3 major ways 1 shift from predominantly rural to more urban living conditions schoolingfactory work came to replace family farm work as the child s primary social obligation 2 birthrate dropped signi cantly altering family relationships both between parents amp their children amp between siblings 3 child death rate plummeted with impacts on family relationships increased schooling children were removed from the workforce amp became economic burdens rather than assets so family size began to shrink girl s education contributed to declining child death rates mothers being more knowledge about how to ensure the healthy development of their infants amp children schooling of all children reduced the authority of home amp family bringing children into more contact with other children amp increasingly under the in uence of peers amp nonfamilies adults Conclusion By the late 19th century the industrial age was well under way throughout the world amp children amp childhood has began to receive considerable attention from parents educators amp scientists 4 Developmentalists share an interest in 4 fundamental issues concerning the process of development 1 Sources of development Nature genetic make up Nurture environment experience Debates about the relative importance of genetic inheritance amp experience as sources of development continue to preoccupy development science 2 Plasticity s development Active or Passive Passive Child is shaped by external factors girls prefer dolls because these are the toys they are given Active Plasticity Chidren directs shapes amp control own environment deveopment is open to change amp intervention Conclusion the limits of plasticity in children s responses to different environments amp experience 3 Is development a continuous processa series of Discontinuous changes Continuity Agerelated changes occur gradually snail bigger snail Discontinuity Agerelated changes include occasional large shifts so that children of different ages seem qualitatively different snail butter y Continuity there is nevertheless considerable continuity in reasoning between early childhood amp adulthood Chidren often appear to be one stage on one occasion amp in a different stage on another making it difficult for them to see anything from a point of view other than their own 4 One course of Development or Many Questions about Individual differences One course Laws of development are universal Learn by all over the world learn how to walk language Many Context has a profound impact on development Culture some culture learns walking faster Children raised in an orphanage tend to be lethargic low in IQ environment changes caring families in their early years condition improves markedly many become intellectually normal adults
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