Exam 1 Study Guide and Answers
Exam 1 Study Guide and Answers Bio 103, Principles of human Anatomy
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Bio 103, Principles of human Anatomy
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Victoria Dorsey on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 103, Principles of human Anatomy at University of Indianapolis taught by Justin Maiers in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 244 views. For similar materials see Principles of human anatomy in Biology at University of Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
1 glide 93 5 Human Uterine tube F H3in the arrow points to Name the tissue that the picture depicts or Part 1 Exam 1 Study Guide BIO 10305 Principles of Human Anatomy MAJOR EHCRETORT D UCII SIRATIF ED CULUNNAR quot39 Part 2 Name the bone or joint and whether it is axial or appendicular The joint will be circled in red otherwise name the bone 6 1 Ellaviclie Seagull 7 Hinzmems 2 8 9 3 4 20 21 22 23 24 Part 3 Pick the correct answer from the multiple choice 1 The organ system with the largest organ in the human body is the system a Skeletal b Nervous c Integumentary d Muscular 2 The opposite of posterior is a Dorsal b Super cial c Inferior d Posterior 3 The opposite of inferior is a Superior b Caudal c Lateral d Super cial 4 The opposite of medial is a Super cial b Deep c Lateral d Midline 5 The opposite of super cial is a Proximal b Deep c Distal d Posterior 6 The opposite of proximal is a Inferior b Lateral c Deep d Distal 7 What is the midline a An imaginary line that runs across the middle of the body splitting it into top and bottom b An imaginary line that runs down the middle of the body splitting it into left and right halves c An imaginary line that runs obliquely and splits the body into two parts d An imaginary line that splits the body into unequal left and right parts 8 Which point about the anatomical position is NOT true a The body is face forward with palms out b It is described in relation to patient position c Makes talking about bone structure and organ location easier d Described in relation to the person that is talking 9 What is NOT a division of the axial region of the skeleton a Cranial b Brachium c Dorsal d Pelvic 10What is NOT a division of the lower limb of the appendicular region a Femoral b Crural c Manus d Pedal 11What is the correct order of the layers in the epidermis from super cial to deep a Corneum Granulosum Spinosum Lucidum Basale b Corneum spinosum lucidum granulosum basale c Corneum lucidum granulosum spinosum basale d Corneum lucidum spinosum granulosum basale 12What is the difference between thick and thin skin a Thin skin has more melanocytes b Only thick skin protects from pathogens c Thick skin has an extra layer called the stratum lucidum d Only thick skin produces Vitamin D 13What is the purpose of dendritic cells a To activate the immune system if a foreign substance breaks through the epidermis b To produce melanin To produce keratin To excrete sweat an 14The epidermis is made up of ssue a Strati ed cuboidal epithelial b Simple squamous epithelial c Simple cuboidal epithelial d Strati ed squamous epithelial 15What makes the epidermis different from the dermis and the hypodermis a It is made up of epithelial tissue b It is vascular c It is the only one with distinct layers d It has friction ridges that help with touch 16The dermis has two layers the papillary and the reticular layer a True b False 17Another name for the basal lamina is the basement membrane a True b False 18The hypodermis only has one layer the fat layer a True b False 19Which is not a suderiferous sweat gland a Eccrine b Sebaceous c Apocrine d Ceruminous 20What is NOT one of the three main organelles that we focus on in anatomy a Cytoplasm b Nucleus c Mitochondria d Plasma Membrane 21What type of tissue is the most abundant in the body a Connective Tissue b Epithelial Tissue c Nervous Tissue d Muscle Tissue 22Which of the following is NOT somewhere that you can nd brocartilage lntervertebral discs Pubic symphysis Connected to the ribs Pads of the knees 1000 23A ligament anchors muscle to bone a True b False 24Hyaline cartilage is the most abundant form of cartilage a True b False 25What is NOT a function of bone a Support and protection b Hemopoiesis c Movement d Absorb shock 26 What causes juvenile skeletons to have more bones than adult skeletons a Epiphyseal plates have not fused the epiphysis and the diaphysis together b Several of the bones are broken in juveniles and haven t healed yet c Adults don t need as many bones and the body breaks down the extra ones d Adults have nished digesting the twin that they ate in the womb 27 The medullary cavity is found in a Long bones b Short bones c Flat bones d Irregular bones 28 The medullary cavity is where hemopoiesis occurs a True b False 29 Which one is NOT an example of an irregular bone a Vertebrae b Ethmoid c Ossicles d Parietal bone 30 What is the periosteum a lnternal surface within the medullary cavity b Tough outer surface of bone c Spongy bone in the skull d Knob on the end of a long bone 31 What is the pre x that means quotbonequot Chondro Osteo Epi Hemo 1000 32 Is the spongy bone or compact bone highly vascularized a Spongy bone b Compact bone 33 How do blood vessels and nerves get into bones Through the a Foramen rotundum b Foramen ovale c Nutrient foramen d Foramen cecum 34 What is yellow marrow a Product of red bone marrow degeneration as a child matures b Fat storage c Hemopoietic d Both a and b 35 Calcium helps with bone exibility and compliancy a True b False 36 What is the basic structural unit of mature compact bone a Osteoclasts b Osteons c Osteocytes d Osteoprogenitor Cells 37Which one is a structure in a long bone but not a part of an osteon a Canaliculi b Concentric lamellae c Perforating canals d Osteocytes 38 What is the study ofjoints called a Arthrology b Osteology c Hematology d Herpetology 39 Fibrous joints are made up of bones held together by dense connective ssue a True b False 40 What describes Synarthrosis joints a lmmobile joints b Can be brous or cartilaginous c Commonly talking about bone sutures on the skull d All the above 41 Diarthrosis are free moving joints and include all synovial joints a True b False 42 ribs piggy back off of rib 7 in order to connect to the sternum a True b False c Floating 43 What is NOT a part of the sternum a Xiphoid process b Body c Phalanx d Manubrium 44 Where is a syndesmosis a joint where two articulated bones are connected by strands of dense regular connective ssue b Space between the ulna and radius c Space between the bula and the tibia d All of the above 45 The articular capsule of a synovial joint is made up of a brous layer and a synovial membrane a True b False 46 What is the reason why synovial joints take so long to heal if they do heal at all a They are avascular b Made up of hyaline cartilage c There is a lot of pressure on them d They are constantly used 47 What type of motion can synovial joints perform a Gliding motion b Angular motion c Rotational and special motion d All of the above 48The opposite of supination is a Eversion b Inversion c Pronation d Dorsi exion 49 Abduction is the process of moving a limb towards the midline of the body a True b False 50Flexion and extension are opposites a True b False Don t forget to study the different types of joint motions Principles of Human Anatomy BIO 10305 Exam 1 Study Guide Answer Key Part 1 Ciliated simple columnar epithelium Simple squamous epithelium Strati ed cuboidal epithelium Areolar loose connective tissue Dense regular connective tissue Strati ed squamous epithelium Adipose connective tissue Simple cuboidal epithelium Strati ed columnar epithelium 10Transitional epithelium 11Reticuar connective tissue 12Hyaine cartilage 13Dense irregular connective tissue 14Eastic connective tissue 15Fibrocartiage 16Eastic cartilage 17Skeletal muscle 18Blood cells 19Cardiac muscle 20Bone 21Smooth muscle 22Nervous tissue FP P PWF Part 2 1 Atlas C1 specialized cervical vertebrae axial Glenohumeral joint appendicular Tibia appendicular Axis C2 specialized cervical vertebrae axial Scapula appendicular Fibula appendicular Cervical vertebrae axial Femur appendicular Lumbar vertebrae axial 10Parietal bone axial 11Thoracic vertebrae axial 12Humerous appendicular 13Una appendicular 14Mandible axial 15Radius appendicular 16Patea appendicular 170ccipital bone axial 18 Clavicle appendicular 19Coxa appendicular 20 Talocrural joint appendicular 21 Talus appendicular eww ww ew 22 Frontal bone axial 23 Calcaneus appendicular 24Maxilla axial 25Temporal bone axial Part 3 Integumentary Posterior Supe or Lateral Deep Distal An imaginary line that runs down the middle of the body splitting it into left and right halves 8 D Described in relation to the person that is talking 9 B Brachium forearm 10C Manus hand 11C Corneum ucidum granulosum spinosum basale 12C Thick skin has an extra layer called the stratum ucidum 13A To activate the immune system if a foreign substance breaks through the epidermis 14D Strati ed squamous epithelial 15A It is made up of epithelial tissue 16A True 17A True 18B False it also has a deep membranous layer 19B Sebaceous 20C Mitochondria 21A Muscle Tissue 22C Connected to the ribs 23B False ligaments connect bone to bone 24A True 25D Absorb Shock 26A Epiphyseal plates have not fused the epiphysis and the diaphysis together 27A Long bones 28A True 29D Parietal bone 30B tough outer surface of bone 31B Osteo 32A Spongy bone 33C Nutrient foramen 34D Both a and b 358 False collagen protein helps with exibility and compliancy 36B Osteons 37C Perforating canals P P PP N wowngtUn 38A 39A 40D 41A 42B 43C 44D 45A Arthrology True All the above True False Phalanx All of the above True 46A They are avascular a While C and D are true A is the most correct 47D All of the above 48C Pronation 49False Adduction is described 50A True
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