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exam 1 partial study guide

by: Kyler Garron

exam 1 partial study guide PSYCH 1000 - 04

Kyler Garron
general psychology (physics 1000)
David Schramm

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general psychology (physics 1000)
David Schramm
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kyler Garron on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH 1000 - 04 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by David Schramm in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see general psychology (physics 1000) in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 09/20/15
Monday September 21 y Exam 1 Studyguide Chapter 14 Psychology he scientific study of the human mind and its functions especially those affecting behavior in a given context google Difference between behavior and mental processes mental processes sensations perceptions dreams thoughts beliefs and feelings also subtle kinds of instances like brain activity behavior is action based mental processes are what your brain tells you to do What is the empirical method It is a way of gaining knowledge by means of direct and indirect observation or experience google 4 Goals of Psychology The four main goals of psychology are to describe explain predict and control the behavior and mental processes of others in that order nativism things one is able to do by birth vs Empiricism a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience m0ni3mi a theory or doctrine that denies the existence of a distinction or duality in some sphere such as that between matter and mind or God and the world dualism idea that the mind and brain are separate entities that interact Descartes believed that the brain and the rest of the body are purely mechanistic in their principle of operation operant learning trial and error and doing things because the first time you receiVed a reward Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans39 innate curiosity Historical Beginning of Psychology Structuralism Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychology lab in 1879 at the University of Leipzig Psychology the generalized study of the adult human mind Monday September 21 y lntrospection Functionalism University of Chicago in the 1890 s William James with the influence of Charles Darwin adaptive function Behaviorism John B Watson 19001910 psychology study of behavior Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud 1900 Many positive and negative contributions depending upon where your area of study is within the psychology field APA Ethical Guidelines General principles integrity respect and professional responsibilities Special standards General nondiscriminatory sexual harassment Assessment competence interpreting results Advertising deceptive statements testimonials Therapy the nature of the relationship at focus Confidentiality disclosing records amp keeping records up to date Teaching accuracy and objectivity fairness Research informed consent care and use of animals in testing plagiarism and reporting results Chapter 4 States of Consciousness an individuals subjective experience of internal an external stimuli we never really know if others have consciousness or if they ar eating like they doit can only be indirectly observed 4 properties of consciousness intentionality ability to direct consciousness unity ability to combine sensory info into a coherent conscious experience selectivity able to hear one conversation at a party but if your name is called you can zero in on it above the rest of the noise Monday September 21 y transience ability to change focus Levels of Consciousness minimal consciousness low level awareness doing things subconsciously ie driving a distance and then forgetting the drive because you are so accustomed to driving this specific path full consciousness fully aware of and can report event with detail selfconsciousness totally focused on yourself The Unconscious mind i the dynamic unconscious is an active system including hidden memories deep instincts and desires and the struggle to control those forces ie Freud argues that you actually want to kill someone or endure a sexual relationship with a family member but you force them into your unconscious mind Cognitive unconscious includes mental processes we re not aware of that influences behavior Altered States of Consciousness Sleep circadian rhythm your sleep schedule that everyone has where you seem sleepier in the afternoon and maybe perk back up later in the day REM rapid eve movement Sleep Conditions the time when dreams occur dreams occur in real time insomnia difficulty falling or staying asleep sleep apnea when breathing ceases during sleep somnambulism sleep walking narcolepsy sudden onset of REM


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