Exam One Study Guide (Ch. 2-5)
Exam One Study Guide (Ch. 2-5) POLI 1090 - 001
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Joerdan Notetaker on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to POLI 1090 - 001 at Auburn University taught by William W Franko in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 432 views. For similar materials see American Government in Multicultural World in Political Science at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
Dr Franko POLI 1090001 Exam One Study Guide Ch 25 when going through study guide make sure you understand why certain acts or cases were important and what impact they had Chapter Two The Constitution I Colonial EliteRoyalists 0 New England merchants 0 Southern planters I Radicals o Shopkeepers artisans and laborers 0 Small farmers I Increasing British debt due to 0 Seven Years War French amp Indian War 0 Protecting colonies o Colonial shipping 0 Solution impose new taxes I New Taxes Sugar Act of 1764 and Stamp Act of 1765 I New taxes prompted boycotts and the taxes were eventually rescinded I Tea Act of 1776 East India Company gets a monopoly on tea exports from Britain That cuts out the colonial merchants so they join the radicals Boston Tea Party occurs but tax stays in place In retaliation Britain closed a part of Boston to commerce giving them control over Massachusetts I First Continental Congress 1774 o Called for a total boycott of British goods I Second Continental Congress 1776 0 Declaration of Independence I Cant violate unalienable rightsquot I Focused on principals that could potentially unite social economic and political interests I Articles of Confederation 17771789 0 Established a confederation 0 Gave central gov the power to I Declare waar I Make treaties I Coin money 0 No revenue b c they couldn t tax I Shays Rebellion 0 Because the economy was so bad many farmers were at risk for losing their land like Daniel Shays o Organized protests to prevent courts from convening in Massachusetts which sparked protests elsewhere O O O O o The state militia wasn t enough but the federal gov couldn t intervene because they didn t have the power to 0 Really highlighted the lack of power in the federal gov I Constitutional Convention 1787 o Delegates met in Philadelphia to discuss changes that needed to be made 0 Wanted a gov that I Promoted commerce amp protected property rights I Protected commercial amp propertied classes 0 Debate over representation in federal legislation I VA Plan national legislation would be proportional to the size of each state population I N Plan each state would have equal representation regardless of population 0 Great Compromise Connecticut Compromise incorporated both plans 0 Still a large divide between North amp South moral concerns against slavery I Results of Compromise 0 Central gov could protect property amp promote commerce I National control of commerce amp finance I Federal judicial supremacy I Strong presidency o Prevent excessive democracyquot I Bicameralism I Checks balances I Staggered office terms I Indirect elections 0 Bill of Rights 0 Protect citizen liberties amp property right I Federalism I Separation of powers I Legislative Branch 0 Expressed powers I Tax collection borrowing money regulating commerce declaring war maintain army navy o All other powers belonged to the states 0 Restrictions on states I Cannot print money cannot tax imports exports cannot regulate trade outside borders cannot impair obligation of contracts I Executive Branch 0 Powers I Recognize other countries negotiate treaties grant reprieves amp pardons convene congress cabinet appointments veto congressional enactments I Judicial Branch 0 Powers I Resolve state federal con ict determine who power belongs to statefederal settling controversies of citizens of different states I Federalists vs AntiFederalists o Mainly disagreed on representation fears of tyranny and gov power Chapter Three Federalism I Basic Forms of Gov o Unitary system 0 Confederal system ex Articles of Confederation o Federalism shared power I Dual federalism I Cooperative federalism I Powers of National Gov o Expressed powers amp implied powers necessary and proper clause I Powers of State Gov 0 10th Amendment 0 most fundamental power is coercion police powers 0 concurrent powers I Interstate Relations 0 Full Faith amp Credit 0 Privileges and immunities 0 Interstate compact clause I Growth of Federal Gov Power 0 McCulloch v Maryland1819 federal gov gets ability to regulate commerce through national banks 0 Gibbons v Ogden1824 New York tried to grant monopoly to a steam boat company but that con icted with federal law I 10th Amendment has been used as a way to justify state s rights I The New Deal 0 Great Depression 19291939 I From 19321933 about 60 of the nation was in poverty I President Hoover didn t believe it was the federal gov place to do anything 0 Roosevelt won the election of 1932 and received 57 of the popular vote I Federal Grants 0 Grantsinaid federal gov gives money for specific purpose 0 Categorical grants for specific purposes amp came with regulations 0 Block grants much more general in how money could be spent 0 Project grants competitive had to meet certain guidelines to get money 0 Formula grants plugged requirements standards into a formula I New Deal created cooperative federalism I Preemption when certain matters are of such a national character that federal law trumps state law I Devolution returning powers to the states Chapter Four Civil Liberties I Civil liberties protection from the government I Civil rights protection by the government I Separation Between Church amp State 0 Establishment clause shall make no law respecting establishment of religionquot 0 Lemon v Kurtzman I Lemon Test Secular purpose Neither advance inhibit religion Didn t entangle government and religion in each others affairs I Free Exercise of Religion 0 Have the right to believe practice whatever religion one chooses 0 WV State Board of Education v Barnette1943 cannot require students to say the Pledge of Allegiance I Freedom of Speech amp Press 0 Alien amp Sedition Acts1798 o Schenck v United States1919 clear amp present danger rule 0 Whitney v California1927 bad tendencyquot rule 0 Brandenburg v Ohio1969 imminent lawless actionquot I Money amp Campaigns 0 Federal Election Campaign19711974 rules on spending and where it came from 0 Buckley v Valeo1976 struck down expenditure limits 0 Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act2002 soft money issue advocacy ads 0 McConell v FEC2003 more money more in uence which violates the one person one vote idea 0 FEC v Wisconsin Right to Life2007 issue ads Davis v FEC2008 personal expenditure disclosure 0 Citizens United v FEC2010 corporate funding to independent political broadcasts that led to super pacs political action committees I Freedom of Assembly amp Petition 0 US v Eichman struck down burning the ag as a symbolic act 0 Speech plus I Sitins picketins demonstrations I Private property protected I Public order has to be maintained I Freedom of the Press 0 Limitations O I Censorship I Libel amp slander I Obscenity amp pornography 0 Miller V California1973 Miller Test I Deemed prurient by average person I Depicts sexual conduct in an offensive way I Lacks literary artistic political or scientific value Due Process 0 4th 5th 6t 8th Amendments protect the rights of those accused of a crime 4th Amendment Search and Seizure o Mapp v Ohio1961 exclusionary rule 5th Amendment 0 double jeopardy selfincrimination Miranda rule eminent domain 6th Amendment Right to Counsel 0 Powell v Alabama1932 o Gideon v Wainright1963 8th Amendment 0 prohibits excessive bail amp fines or cruel and unusual punishment 0 death penalty Right to Privacy 0 NAACP v Alabama 0 Griswold v Connecticut Abortion 0 Roe v Wade 1973 Homosexual 0 Lawrence v Texas 2003
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