Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide PSYCH 280
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sydney Shields on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH 280 at Kansas State University taught by Mark Barnett in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 169 views. For similar materials see Psych Childhood and Adolescence in Psychlogy at Kansas State University.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
Psych 280 Exam 1 Study Chapter 1 Periods of Development Prenatal period Infancy and toddlerhood Early childhood Middle childhood Adolescence Nature vs Nurture Nature 9 inborn biological givens hereditary Nurture 9 complex forces of the physical amp social world blank slate Philosophies John Locke Jean Jacques Rousseau Charles Darwin Psychoanalytic Perspectives Freud s Theory Id ego superego Oral 9 anal 9 phallic 9 latency 9 genital Erikson s Theory Psychosocial Trust vs Mistrust Autonomy vs Shame amp Doubt Initiative vs Guilt Industry vs Inferiority Identity vs Role Confusion Intimacy vs Isolation Generativity vs Stagnation Integrity vs Despair Piaget s Theory Contributions and Limitations Ethology and Evolutionary Developmental Psychology Vygotsky s Sociocultural Theory 9 Sociocultural Theory Ecological Theory Microsystem Mesosystem Exosystem Macrosystem EverChanging System Problems in Development ComparisonContrast of Theoretical Perspectives Education encourage repeat and serve as models BehavioralSocial Observational Learning Cognitive Developmental Psychodynamic Play Psychodynamic 9 3 purposes of play 1 Show the problem 2 Master the problem repeat 3 Wish fulfillment pretend BehavioralSocial Observational Learning Cognitive Developmental Chapter 2 Behaviorism and Social Learning Theory Classical Conditioning 9Pavlovian Bell 9 Food 9 Salivation Operant Conditioning Instrumental Law of Effect ReinforcementReward and punishment Positive and negative reinforcement Behaviorism Social Learning Theory Imitation Contributions and limitations Cognitive Developmental Theory 9 Nature View Piaget s Stages Kohlberg Contributions and limitations Research Methods Experimental Method Know the issues of conducting an experiment Naturalistic Observations Correlational Method Know the 3 Strengths Interpreting the results Third variable problem Data Collection Procedures Tests Questionnaires Observations InterviewsSelf Reports Sociometric Rating Neurobiological Method Case Study Know the purposes of a Case Study Know the issues Reliability Validity Longitudinal Method Know the strengths Know the limitations Cross Sectional Method Know the strengths Know the problems Chapter 3 Genetics Foundations Genotypes amp Phenotypes Genetic Code Sex Cells Prenatal Development Maternal Factors Hereditary Environment and Behavior Chapter 4 Infancy State of Newborn The Norms Temperaments Individual differences Smiling Crying 9 form of communication Know how to respond Re exes and Motor Skills States of Arousal NREM sleep REM sleep Drowsiness Quiet alertness Walking activity and crying Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Learning Capacities Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Habituation Motor Development Perceptual Development Touch Taste Smell Hearing Speech Perception Vision Depth Perception Pattern Perception Face Perception Object Perception Deprivation and Enrichment Pages 428 443 Attachment Classical Conditioning View Harlow s View Bowlby s Ethological Theory Preattachment Phase Attachment in the Making Clearcut Formation of a reciprocal Relationship Issues of Attachment Ainsworth Strange Situation 4 Attachment Styles Secure Attachment Avoidant Attachment Resistant Attachment DisorganizedDisoriented Attachment Attachment QSort Factors that affect Attachment Multiple Attachments Eye to Eye contact Separation anxiety Chapter 1 Vocab Child development Developmental science Continuous Discontinuous Contexts Nature Nurture controversy Maturation Normative approach Psychosexual theory Psychosocial theory Social learning theory Behavior modification Information processing Ethology Sensitive period Sociocultural theory Ecological systems theory Mesosystem Exosystem Macrosystem Chronosystem Social policy Public policy Collectivist societies Chapter 2 Vocab Hypothesis Naturalistic observations Event sampling Time sampling Observer bias Clinical interviews Neurobiological methods Ethnography Reliability Internal validity External validity Correlation coefficients Dependent variable Experimental design Random assignment Matching Natural quasi experiments Biased sampling Selective attrition Cohort effects Cross Sectional design Microgenetic design Risks Versus benefits ratio Theory Stages Plasticity Psychoanalytic perspective Behaviorism Cognitive Developmental cognitive neuroscience Evolutionary developmental psychology Microsystem Macrosystem Dynamic systems perspectives Individualistic societies Structured observations Observer in uence Structured interview Clinical case study method Validity Correlational design Independent variable Cofounding variables Field experiments Longitudinal design Practice effects Sequential designs Protection from harm Informed consent Debriefing Chapter 3 Vocab Phenotypes Genotypes Deoxyribose nucleic acid DNA Meiosis Zygote Autosomes Sex chromosomes Fraternal dizygotic twins Homozygous Heterozygous Carriers Modifier genes X Linked inheritance Polygenetic inheritance Chromosomes Gametes Crossing over Identical monozygotic twins Allele Dominant Recessive inheritance Incomplete dominance Genomic imprinting Mutation Genetic counseling Prenatal diagnostic methods Amnion Umbilical cord Embryo Fetus Vemix Lanugo Age of viability Teratogen Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder FASD Fetal alcohol syndrome FAS Alcohol Related neurodevelopment disorder ARND Natural prepared child birth Preterm infants Hereditary Kinship studies Canalization Gene environment correlation Epigenesist Chapter 4 Vocab Re ex Status of arousal Non Rapid Eye movement NREM sleep Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale NBAS Unconditional stimulus UCS Conditional response CR Reinforce Punishment Recovery Imitation Dynamic systems theory of motor development Small For Date infants Partial fetal alcohol syndrome pFAS Apgare Scale Breech position Behavioral genetics Gene Environment interaction Niche Picking Rapid Eye Movement REM sleep Classical conditioning Conditional stimulus CS Operant conditioning Habituation Mirror neurons Prereachin g Ulnar grasp Pincer grasp Visual diff Contrast sensitivity Shape constancy Intermodal perception Differentiation theory Attachment Ethological theory of attachment Strange Situation Sensitive caregiving Developmentally appropriate practice Statistical learning capacity Size constancy Amodal sensory properties Affordances Separation anxiety Interactional synchrony
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