Journal Entries Part 1
Journal Entries Part 1 433
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Meagan Brant on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 433 at Ball State University taught by Gong in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Mental Health in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
Meagan Brant Dr Fang Gong SOC 433 Journal Entries 22 September 2015 Journal Entry 1 based on Chapter 1 This reading is an overview of the sociological perspectives on the definitions causes and responses to mental health and illness The sociological perspectives in differentiation to the psychological and biological perspectives that we previously discussed focus on the impact of social circumstances on mental health and illness 6 The social factors related to mental illness discussed in the reading were social integration social stratification inequality cultural values cohort membership and cross cultural differences All of these factors resonate with me having formed my sociological imagination already Differences in social make up lead to inequality which lead to stress I believe many of these factors go very nicely with the stress theory of the sociological perspectives of mental illness The Stress Theory simply states that social stress can lead to mental illness As an example of one of the above factors in the social stratification category it states that those with more resources are likely to have a higher mental health capacity than those that suffer with resources Lack of resources such as money cause stress and therefore lead to a greater likelihood to have a mental illness due to this stressor The chapter ends on a positive note saying that societal shifts in norms are making mental illness more acceptable with the medicalization process However severe cases of mental illness are still highly stigmatized and questioned because it is misunderstood I believe that in order to find the solution we must look at causation After causation prevention is key Definitions for many social realms continue to broaden similar to that of mental illness I pose the questions 1 will it continue to broaden and therefore confuse the greater society on the definition of what is classified as mental illness 2 will many more things start becoming defined as mental illness such as playing video games or surfing the internet 3 will there be a backlash in the mental health and wellness society that prevents medicalization from continuing to occur in our society Journal Entry 2 based on Chapter 2 This chapter focuses on how mental illness is measured It is crucial that there is a standard method procedure or design that unifies everyones thoughts and ideas surrounding mental health and illness In the reading there were three main tests that were analyzed for functionality and validity Unfortunately these tests were yielding different results and therefore the DSM was created The differences between clinical and true prevalence were also shown in the chapter Clinical prevalence comes from health care facility s records It shows who is coming in and being treated for mental illness However this data holds selection bias as not all with mental health issues are able to or want to go to their general health practitioner psychiatrist or psychologist for aid Therefore true prevalence was created to be representative of the population allowing us to see the actual rate of mental illness Once this prevalence scale was broadened there were issues in defining those who suffered from mental illness and those who were just going through areas of distress Therefore the conceptually valid criteria were formed to diagnose on a case by case basis In class discussion other checklists were purposed and we took one of them It was interesting to take this test in a class containing such diverse students For example I am only 21 years old never married and have no children On the other hand there are people who have been married have had children have had many more chronic and daily stressors occur than I have simply because they are older I have noticed that as more and more time goes on the chances of being affected by stressors becomes higher as well It was also interesting looking at the projections of the DSM when video games and computer addiction disorders were coming into play It was also humbling that gender dysphoria disorders were no longer directed as an illness simply a stressor It was interesting as well to realize that the DSM is not exactly scientifically proven data It is simply a check list of symptoms that tend to happen Journal Entry 3 based on Chapter 6 Chapter six discusses the three main sociological approaches to mental illness These three are the Stress Theory Structural Strain Theory and Labeling Theory The Stress Theory states that stress and can lead to mental illness We discussed further in class and by our classmates on the topic in charge that there are various types of stress and stressors There is a scale starting from discrete stressors and leading to chronic stressors Within any part of this range the Stress Theory can be applied however it is when chronic strain or tragic stress occurs that the capacity to cope with the stressor deteriorates and therefore causes severe mental illness The visual aidactivity for the topic in charge for Stress Theory really got me to understand the material I am a very hands on person For example one who developed PTSD from a emotionally neglectful abusive and unhealthy marriage will continue to be taxing on an individual The Structural Strain Theory states that structures within the societal makeup are what causes stress and therefore leads to mental illness For example Ron was born into poverty Because of this he did not get the opportunity to be better than his family by going to college because he didn t have the money to So he is stuck in the same cycle as his family The structure of poverty and education in the United States caused Ron to continue to be impoverished The umbrella topic of functionalism always resonates well with me when used as a macro explanation for social institutions Functionalism would take Ron s situation and say poverty is functional for this this and this reason It is interesting to have theories on both sides of the coin Finally the Labeling Theory states that stigmas are powerful in society and what society says you are you are For example severe mental illness is still highly stigmatized in society It continues to be viewed as scary that the people are crazy and therefore we should shun them from society If ideals and views don t change for these people they will continue to act exactly like we expect them to act I liked how at the end of the chapter it explained that the theories can always be intermixed and all used explaining the same concept Journal Entry 4 based on Chapter 3 This chapter dives into the idea of prevalence Prevalence of a mental disorder throughout one s lifetime experience is explained through this chapter in different categories anxiety disorder mood disorder disruptive disorder and substance disorder According to Table 31 anxiety disorders are the most prevalent 288 having any form of anxiety disorder the prevalence of having any disorder throughout a lifetime was 464 having two or more disorders was 277 and three or more disorders was 173 We learn that onset age of mental disorder is significantly lower than I expected there are higher numbers of younger cohort age that are diagnosed with mental illness and that as one ages past a certain point mental illness becomes more rare I was shocked by this data because they say that the brain doesn39t stop growing until mid twenties Should mental illness diagnosis really be valid before this point Can children be diagnosed so early in life with such a detrimental mental illness because of their age and the fact that many other factors can filter in When we looked at data from the NIH 2013 data suggested that 185 of the adult population and 463 of the younger adult population 548 had a mental incapability For comparative purposes the younger cohort is more than 2X likely to have a mental illness at early onsetThe book poses that because of the high prevalence of early onset there should be more mental health education and intervention at the younger level I agree with this and believe that simply education is a powerful movement in the right direction Mental illness is very curable and we don t need children suffering Journal Entry 5 based on Chapter 11 Chapter 11 focused on work and unemployment as stressors Basically there were three categories in which were talked about mental health status and employment unemployment and work without pay In employment situations those who had high mental health were those who felt as though they had control over their working situation It also looked at how demanding the work is can influence how one s mental health is Unemployment had models that explained the manifest and latent functions of working For example the manifest function is that it will earn a living and the latent functions are providing a pool of people for social support stimulating the mind etc The models of unemployment argue that when you are unemployed not only do you loose money but the other latent functions of holding a position Finally unpaid work generally focusing on housework caused stress amongst those who were simply homemakers and those who help a job and did the majority of the house work However homemakers found the work less stressful because they had all day to do it However despite the lessened stress of the tasks themselves the employed adult who also did the majority of the housework once off work had overall better mental health because they were able to benefit from the latent and manifest functions of work as well I think the theories of control are explained well and make total sense I believe what Link was trying to say was that control over the work equals mastery which is kind of like equalling being in control again but I m not so sure I believe it would be interesting to look into those who are unemployed and are homemakers as only employed and homemakers were written about in this text My hypothesis is that they would have even lower mental health than the unemployed
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