Exam One Study Guide!
Exam One Study Guide! PBIO 1000
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alivia Hunt on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PBIO 1000 at Ohio University taught by Arthur Trese in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 295 views. For similar materials see Plants and the Global Environment in Environmental Science at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
PBIO Study Guide Exam One Global Warming and the Future of the Planet 1 De ne Weather 2 De ne Climate 3 Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of weather a Unpredictable b Chaotic c Loca d Global 4 Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of climate a Stable b Local C Varies based on where you are d Global 5 Why is the Climate of Phoenix different from that of Atlanta 6 What is the ultimate source of energy for earth a Ozone b Sun c Moon d Natural Gas 7 Name the three different types of radiation emitted by the sun and how much of each there is emitted for each 8 What region of the sun39s emission has the most intense energy 9 Name two characteristics of Earth39s climate PBIO Study Guide Exam One 10If the Earth39s rotation slowed down what would happen to the Earth39s average temperature a The average temperature would increase overall b The average temperature would decrease overa c The average highs would increase and the average ows would decrease d The average highs would decrease and the average ows would increase 11 Using the circles below iustrate and describe how visible radiation and infrared radiation would interact with an earth like planet the DOES NOT have an atmosphere During the Dav During the Night PBIO Study Guide Exam One 12Using the circles below illustrate and describe how visible radiation and infrared radiation would interact with EARTH with water vapor present During the Day Durino the Nidht 13True or False There is a dark side of the moon a True b False 14True or False The same side of the moon always faces earth a True b False 15True or False The moon rotates on its axis a True b False 16What is one reason why the Earth and the Moon do NOT have similar climates PBIO Study Guide Exam One 17Where are most of the gases in our atmosphere 18What kind of gases are I the atmosphere and how much of each is present 19How do atmospheric gases regulate our planet39s climate 200ur atmosphere includes a variety of gases One such gas 02 interacts with which radiation a Ultraviolet b Infrared c Visible d It does not interact with radiation 21What is a greenhouse gas 22Greenhouse gases let radiation energy in but don39t let energy escape easily a Ultraviolet infrared b Visible infrared c Infrared ultraviolet d Visible ultraviolet 23Nitrogen and oxygen are not they are a Greenhouse gases climate neutral gases PBIO Study Guide Exam One b Climate neutral gases greenhouse gases c Gases water vapor d Greenhouse gases water vapor 24Thinking about the exercise that we did in class what role does water vapor play in the ozone layer a It has no role b It absorbs some infrared radiation c It absorbs some visible radiation d It absorbs all the infrared radiation 25What is the primary greenhouse gas in the Earth39s atmosphere a Water vapor b Nitrogen c Oxygen d lnfrared radiation 26Explain why the C02 Concentration increases and decreases during the course of a calendar year 27What did the Kyoto Protocol ask the United States to do and by when 28Why are we using less coal and more natural gas for electricity production a The cost of natural gas is less than coal b Natural gas is more challenging to make c People do not like nding coal d We aren39t using less coal 29Has the US met the requirements from the Kyoto Protocol a No b Yes PBIO Study Guide Exam One 30What is one country that met its requirements listed by the Kyoto Protocol a China b England c Netherlands d Iceland 31What major country was reluctant to set speci c reduction targets at the Copenhagen meeting and why 32Has the United States established any regulations on greenhouse gases passed or not passed 33Name the two different strategies the government can use to reduce greenhouse gases overall and give a small explanation about how each one works 34True or False Carbon Taxes apply to only carbon dioxide a True b False 35What country has already added a carbon tax a France PBIO Study Guide Exam One b Britain c Unites States d Germany 36Where has there already been a carbon tax in place for ve years a Mexico b Cuba c British Columbia d France 37What does MTCE stand for a Metric Tons Carbon Equivalent b Metric Total Carbon Evaluation c Millions Tons of Coal Equivalent d Meters Total Carbon Evaluation 38What is a carbon credit or carbon offset 39Explain how a cap and trade would encourage the development of clean renewable energy resources 40Why do many businesses support a cap and trade program a They want to pay higher taxes b The opportunity to sell credits will make them more money c Businesses want to have a greener footprint in order to impress their customer base d They want other businesses to suffer 41What was the Chicago Climate Exchange PBIO Study Guide Exam One ANSWERS PBIO Study Guide Exam One 1 A day to day or snapshot of the day the temperature wind sun exposure etc of a short frame of time 2 The average of the weather in a given place usually over a period of 30 years or longer 3 D B The difference comes from solar energy and its interaction with the atmosphere B Ultraviolet 5 Visible 45 Infrared 45 Visible Average surface temperatures are between freezing and boiling point any given place gets warmer then cooler then warmer again 10C 11During the day Visible radiation reaches earth and is absorbed heats the earth Infrared energy reaches the earth and warms the surface Arrows representing both infrared energy and visible light should be pointing at the circle During the night Infrared energy would radiate into space Arrows representing infrared energy should be coming out or pointing away from the circle 12During the day Visible light penetrates water vapor reaches earth heats earth Some Infrared energy is absorbed by water vapor and some of that energy is returned to space Water vapor acts like a shade for infrared energy Arrows representing visible light and Infrared energy should be LARGE and pointed at the circle The visible arrow should clearly show that the light goes through the water vapor and reaches the inner circle whereas arrows representing infrared should just tough the outer circle In addition there should be a smaller arrow representing the re ection of infrared energy pointed away from the outer circle to show the return of some infrared energy During the night Some of the infrared energy emitted by earth is absorbed by water vapor some of that is emitted back to space Arrows should be coming from the inner circle to outside of the outer circle point away from the planet They should be smaller arrows in the space that is the water vapor which is in between the inner and other circle These arrows should be pointing both directions so long as they do not leave that small area to show that some of the infrared energy that tries to leave cannot always escape 13B 14A 15A 16The Earth rotates more quickly than the moon OR the earth has an atmosphere made up of gases 17It is most dense closes to the ground and less dense as you rise from there there are less molecules present the higher you go 18Nitrogen 78 Oxygen 21 and Everything else 1 190zone gas or 03 inn the outer atmosphere blocks much of the incoming ultraviolet radionation In other words the Ozone protects us from harm 20B Uquot39gt 99 F PBIO Study Guide Exam One 21Atmospheric gases that absorb infrared radiation but are transparent to visible radiation 22B 23A 24B 25A 26n the spring plant starts to grow again and they use the C02 in the air to grow taking up a lot of C02 out of the air valley it will continue downward in the summer I the fall the C02 is released back into the air and the peak represents the amount of C02 being put back into the air peak this would be less obvious in the tropics 27The Kyoto Protocol asked the United States to lower their emissions 7 below 1990 levels by 2012 28A 29A 30B 31China because they are a very closed and secretive society so their people do not know a lot about what is going on in the government China does not want people to come in and measure what is happening with their emissions and that was a requirement of the treaty Chinese policy did not agree with the treaty requirements 32n the fall of 2009 the House of Representative passed the American Clean Energy and Security Act committing the US to a 17 reduction from 2005 levels by 2020 The senate has NOT passed the bill so no law has official been made 33Greenhouse Gas Tax Applied to Oil Coal and Natural Gas A taxes would be based on greenhouse gas emissions so tax would be twice as much on coal than natural gas because there is twice the amount of GHG present Cap and Trade Regulatory strategy simply sets limits or caps on emissions MTCEs caed allowances It can be enforces on a national industrial or business unit Each country commits to a cap on emissions by lowering its 39aIIowances39 each year in MTCEs 34B 35A 36C 37A 38t is an unused aowance assigned by your treaty or government 39Cap and Trade would encourage the development of clean renewable energy resources because of carbon credits or carbon offsets The less a company itself owers its carbon emission past their goal the more carbon credits they receive They can in turn sell these credits to other companies who are unable to reach their goals so that they can put the unused energy to their energy usage This gives the businesses another way to generate revenue if they are having to make cuts in the way that they are producing things in order to lower emissions 40B 41It was a voluntary market in the US that sold carbon credits sold for 4 each not 30 as in Europe They were much cheaper here because they are not PBIO Study Guide Exam One required and it is completely voluntary to buy them People who buy them in the US could be companies that are present in the US but keep their corporate of ce in a place in the world where they are required to meet a speci c emissions standard or companies who had extra money and wanted to expand their customer base by showing off the lessening of their carbon footprint The CCX was closed as of 2010
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