Study Guide Chapters 7&8
Study Guide Chapters 7&8 HSES 260
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Harley Lynn on Monday September 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HSES 260 at Kansas taught by Lowcock, Phillip in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 313 views. For similar materials see Personal and Community Health in Physical Education at Kansas.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Phil Lowcock Community Health Fall 2015 Test 1 Study Guide Chapter 7 Drugst 15 multiple choice questions General Concerns with drug use Pleasure circuit Addiction is more than rational it is part of the CORE of our brain Uncontrollable craving for substance HabituationMental attachment to drug believe that drug is needed to relieve stress anxiety or another mental discomfort Physiological AddictionRegular use of substance to function physical withdrawal symptoms develop when a person stops using a drug body has come to expect substance to function normally Characteristics of addiction 3 of these in one year Needing more and more Use in larger quantitieslonger periods of time Inability to cut down Spending countless amounts of time on activities aimed at obtainingusing or recovering from substance Tolerance The more you use it the more your tolerance goes up for it some people s bodies have more tolerance due to hydration body fat gender and more Drug Metabolism metabolism of drugs varies depending on person s weight gender health experience with drug ethnicity ampmore Marijuana long term effects psychoactive ingredient Long termincreases risk of anxiety depression psychosis personality disturbances impairs attention memory and learning Psychoactive ingredient THC Drug popularity most popular Weedmost common Illicit Drug Caffeine most popular psychoactive drug in the world also biggest worldwide drug consumed Psychoactive Drug Caffeine Relaxation blocker stimulant once drug is metabolized it can produce a rebound effect causing depressionlow energy Routes of administrationspeeds Inhalation7lOsec Intravenousinto vain 1530sec Intramuscularinto muscle35min Subcutaneousright under skin57min Mucosal absorptiontobaccocoke 315min Topicalpatches 17 days Signs of dependencewithdrawal Dependence regular use of substance to function physical withdrawal symptoms when a person stops using body has come to expect the substance to function normally Withdrawal trembling sweating nausea vomiting blurry vision abdominal pain fatigue loss of appetite Severe death Characteristicsexamples of different drugs of abuse stimulant depressant psychoactive opioids date rape Stimulant Fight or ight reaction Sympathetic nervous system causing acceleration of mental and physical processes in the body caffeine amp cocaine May stimulate movement fidgeting talking increase energy and metal focus prouduce intense feelings of euphoria and create snes of well being Depressant Alcohol sleeping Pills barbiturates Benzodiazepines ativan xanax vlium Psychoactive Changes brain fuction results in alterations in perception Cocaine MDMA Cannabis Heroin Amphetamine Opioids Vicodin Percodan Oxycotin Fast acting amp highly addicting Methadone is also bad but used to wean people off of heroine Date rape GHBGammahydroxybutyric acid Rohypnol rufilin Pleasure amp reward circuits neurotransmitters Pleasure amp Reward circuit What makes us all animals millions of years of evolution Where addiction resides in our brain Neurotransmitters Chemical substance released at the end of a nerve fiber in our brain to tell our other nerves in our body what to do Rebound effect causes low energy amp depression Chapter 8Alcohol amp Tobacco 27 multiple choice questions Benefits of 21 as national drinking age Positive effects on health due to alcohol slows down your central nervous system Drinking rates abstain drink binge college Half of college students who drink are binge drinkers Binge drinking range 40 50 Students UNDER 21 48 of all alcohol consumed by college students 28 report mixing alcohol and energy drinks Definitions lightmoderate binge drinker LightModerate MenNo more than 14 drinksweek WomenzNo more than 7 drinksweek Binge Men5 or more drinks in 2 hours Women 4 or more drinks in 2 hours Why college students dirnk Avoid problems peer acceptance PEER PRESSURE IS TOP MOTIVE imitate role models cope with academic pressure mistaken belief of sexual arousal and performance Get drunk get her done Alchohol risks sexual assault accidents Risks Unable to perceive risk Not shy or reserved Dehydration Sleep disturbances Alcohol poisoning Acute Alcohol intoxicationlife threatening bloodalcohol levels Sexual assaults reported by 21 of college students who had too much to drink binge drinkers 78 times more likely to experience rape of women raped reported being drunk 23 of college men who commit sexual assault report being multiple offenders 42 of college women report telling NO ONE of their rape Drinking amp Driving alters judgment vision and hearing and reaction time Alcohol effects hydration sleep pregnancy Disturbs sleep Hydration Alcohol is powerful diuretic makes you dehydrated Pregnancy Can cause miscarriage Fetal Alcohol syndrome mental and physical birth defects facial abnormalities retarded growth permanent intellectual and behavioral problems What one drink looks like beer shot Wine mixed Beer 1202 Shot 1502 Wine Soz Mixed Drink l4grams1202 of alcohol Accuracy of breath test for alcohol BAC Concentrations are accurate because of the alcohol exhaled out of the lungs NOT What s in the mouth What effects BAC Amount of body water and body fat a person has KS legal Limit 008
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