Crim 9/21 Notes and Video notes for test
Crim 9/21 Notes and Video notes for test CRIM 402
Popular in Punishment and corrections
Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashley Hall on Monday September 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to CRIM 402 at George Mason University taught by Rudes in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 156 views. For similar materials see Punishment and corrections in Criminology and Criminal Justice at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Eerie Killers Hansen Adkins Bandy tridee en ueah editins I She was a member at the Hansen Family is had brain eaneer and Ernie a few mean this a live I Ehe was smiling in the eeert ireem earring her trial r Hansen sheewe his heel timing the trier ehrji his l eilewers theiieeiirng haltihs shaved their head as wellll I She met Meeeen when she was re years are I Ehe was a seeher and th Light she 3trund sernething in Mansen Li She said she was brainwashed leggr fie11a n39serii an was else using d rug s when she ternm39uttee the trime Denied tar parale 11 times a Hier Family said it eras eruel he keeps in her arisen when she was In her death bed I Charles Hansen said that he didn t tense any at his Fe lewers te de aresthine The5r Wlillliii g eerrurnitted these erirhes en their ewn Is She stated Hansen is the meet dit tult perseh liF39l her life te ergiee Her see wee pieced er eeeetien at the age at are after she was eehuietee Widen2 In Cy ntlriai 1 She is itnewe es the 15 year ele hilller I She killed a man name Jlehnnrjr Alllen The snealter hi the Vlhild quot believed that s he had a let e lt ibad situatiiens that shaped her Iiiaie i it she tniedl as an adult s he eeuli1 get Iliite ilml arisen i She was assesiated earth a man named hutthread when SEELJEIIHF aeused her and was her prime a riutthreet teld her 1e are rnahe menlee he mettleth Allen at send and i talent teeth ta his elaee heeeeee he re esed te gel he the hetei a She state that eaten was acting very strange he te lin her his life stew eheet haw he was in the new and a share sheeter she stated that he else shewed her several areas ehr ts a She stated that illlehi was teuehihg her in a eielent way and he termed areu nzd te grab semething frern this tree and she shet hiirri in the treetit because she was scared fer her salety i The seeeher at the eidee eelieees Hat her eriminel eat is related tee eersenarlitr eliiserd er at paraneiaa and delusiehs elquot peelele tryiih ta harrn her The eriee rintreeeees her hiallegieel rhether and adaptive mether The hielagrieell rnether was lse in jail when she was 15 years elld Liilte neither lilte daughter i Where was the aeeetiee r ether when Cy t dei ran aeejlr fer 3 weeks 1 She was sentenced ta live in artisan Elnuisted guilty f39alll 3 charges i Cynthia is still surrenth iin airlinen Social Control Social Control rules through the government or Religion Social Control is about guilty vs innocent rather than right vs wrong Against greater good or maker The correction system ranges from federal prison state prison and jail o The difference between prison and jail is the length of time Prison is usually more than a year while jail is spent less than 12 months Inmate Population Federal10 State20 jailbetween 8 9 0 Rest are on probation or parole Corrections have 4 primary reasons this will be on the quiz Retributionquoteye for an eyequot quotyou do this I do thisquot IncapacitationRemoval of a person from society RehabilitationTreat them so they can go back to society Deterrence targets general or specialspeci c individual Making an example out of you Deters criminals from repeating crimes Deters the public from making creating the same crimes as others 0 The 2 most talked about reasons are Rehabilitation and Incapacitation Some laws have a 3 strike system This means that if you offend 3 times you can have anywhere between 25 years to life in prison 0 Society is moving back towards rehabilitation because incapacitation creates more crime 0 Laws are created because one thing happens and society wants to protect it from happening again 0 Some laws are created because it of the cost effect For example some prisoners can cost up to 30000 a year to stay in prison PWN Restorative Justice 0 Make up for the harm you have done 0 quotRepair the damagequot 0 Example stealing someone39s heirlooms and having to sit in front of the family and having to face that family face to face Types of sentencing 1 DeterminantDetermine amount of time 2 Indeterminate lndeterminate amount of time Determinant Mandatory minimum sentencejudge cannot give you less than the minimum 0 This sentencing is important bc you see indeterminate across the state The judge determines the length of time you spend in prison 0 Lawyers fought this type of sentencing bc blacks were spending 10x time in prison then whites who committed the same crime 0 This type of sentencing is harsher because it causes longer sentencing For example before this type of sentencing was in place normally people could be in prison for up to 2 months now they are in prison for up to 24 months Truth Sentencing Clinton initiative says quotOffenders in federal prison have to serve 85 of their sentencequot No matter how good you are you must at least serve 85 At rst the states were not on board with this but Clinton threatened to pull funding unless they went with this program Most states joined but not all This puts a very strong stance on how long people are in quotYou do the crime you serve the timequot Corrections as a complex system Prisons Probation Parole GPS monitoring In home con nement work release center half way houses treatment programs work release programs drug courts and other courts are all a part of the corrections system Code of Hammurabi Earliest system put together to punish people This started in the early 3100 BC Draconian CodePunishments are excessively harsh First rules put in place where punishment was the same for everyone 12 tables Law makers made into slves Churches would often go against the state and would sometimes help our hide away individuals because the punishment was too harsh Robert Franshawe was punished for stabbing someone They believed that by dragging him in a cart tearing his esh burning him and cutting off his body parts and having them dragged across the city was fair punishment The rst penitentiary was built in 1830 The penitentiary was built to help punish people Prisons in the 18305 were holding people until their sentences Then they would let them out Conditions were very bad health and sick were placed together wardens were selling their services and the strong was preying on the weak Social Contract Contract between the person and the government Key peoples Caesar Beccaria Father of criminology He was from Italy He wrote quotCrimes and Punishmentquot Real aim of punishment should be utility This is for the betterment of the whole Only punish in a way that is bene cial quotLack of rationalityquot Crime matching the level of punishment Jeremy Bentham EnglishCriminal Law John Created the quotHedonic Calculusquot Bentham Claims you can categorize punishment by pleasure or pain He developed penitentiaries He developed a prison and called it panoptical where the center of the building is circular Howard Birth of Penitentiary He was a sheriff He was concerned about the poor In 1773 he visited places where people were being housed in what was considered a prison He was shocked to see that many of the jailers were working for free They were not paid regularly or if at all Sometimes the inmates would have to quotbuyquot their way out and that is how some of the jailers were paid If you were given a seven year sentence you would most likely die due to the conditions He drafted the pen act that had 4 main principles 1 Secure and sanitize 2 Systematic 3 Abolition of all fees 4 Reformatory regiment He wanted to base it on reforming morality The Pennsylvania System Created to serving others and working hard mixed with solitary con nement Congregant system Held in isolation at night and working in silence during the day Contact Labor systemHelped inmates to work for their incarceration Prisons would take some or all of the money back at the end The south was using a leasing system inmates were leaded out to contractors Prisoners were sued as eld labors quotslavesquot Many of them would pick cotton California did some leasing for a while but a law was created saying inmates were not allowed to be used Reformatory movement Questioned pen Movement Worried this is now a problem bc they are coming out worse than they went In The Marx system was created Marx system is a series of rewards given to inmates as they traverse in the system Tickets are given out for good behavior and they can cash them in for rewards lnmates work better w systems of rewards Zebulon Brockway Comes up w a system Elmira reformatory Used the Marx system 0 Failure was seen as a weakness on the managementpoor administration not problems w concept 0 Criminal behavior is not the result of free will Criminals cannot control their conditions such as Living and their family Criminals can be treated to have crime free lives 4 ideas were implemented 1 Parole 2 Probation 3 Indeterminate Sentencing 4 Juvenile Courts Medical model you don39t feel well you go to the doctor and do what the doctor says 0 At the end of the treatment you should feel better 0 19505 became era of treatment 0 The new penologyprisons began using group therapy behavior modi cations shock therapy individual counseling psychotherapy as treatments Recidivism was at an alltime low National Academy ReportMain goal is to argue for sentence reduction will be on quiz 1 ProportionalityCriminal sentencing should be proportionate to the seriousness of the crime 2 Parsimony Punishment should not exceed the minimum need to achieve its legit purpose 3 Citizenshipthe conditions and consequences of imprisonment should not be so severe or lasting as to violate ones fundamental status as a member of society 4 Social justiceas public institutions in a democracy prisons should promote the general wellbeing of all members of society
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