Study Guide for Exam 1
Study Guide for Exam 1 SOCI 127 - 001
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SOCI 127 - 001
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Caroline Emery on Monday September 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOCI 127 - 001 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Tobin N Walton in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 121 views. For similar materials see Hon: Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
827 Anthony Giddens quotSociologists engage in a double Hermeneuticquot o Hermeneutic a person who interprets biblical or holy texts Preconceptions dichotomies Allows up to take a stimulus and place it on the spectrum 0 Stereotypesfact o Realnonreal o Subjectiveobjective High Guy Story 0 Talking sh 0 What is water 0 How would be know if we were sh in a shbowl Worldviews Culturally transmitted comprehensive sets of assumptions about the universe causality humanity ethics nature and super nature Vary culture to culture Ideology The ideas and manner of thinking characteristic of individuals from a particular group or social class Distorted by an interest of some speci c group Stereotype Shared rigid assumptions about the nature of some aspect of social reality They involve a process whereby symbolic associations are constructed between an 39object and a given attribute These associations are then generalized to all similar cases Instead of interpreting an event we project We contort our experiences to t our existing stereotypes 91 Normal Science Predicated on historically speci c worldviews ideologies and stereotypes 0 Research is a devoted attempt to force nature into a conceptual box 0 Science within the shbowl we all have tunnel vnsnon Novelty of Fact and Theory Down the Maelstrom o What will happen if 0 The whirlpool shbowl of society is inevitable Riptide metaphor 0 Sometimes to get to your goal you have to go sideways rst 0 Science is directly ghting the current by closing itself off to one particular idea Critical Theory and Risk Theory 0 What to do with the fact that the pursuit of science for human betterment involves moving forward AND moving backwards o What to do with major science breakthroughs Increased breakthroughs Negative effects Nuclear technology The Bomb and Fukushima Mechanization and Industrialization Genocide Mass consumption and Production Acquired Diseases 0 Science is funded by interest People speci cally nd answers the want 0 Progress and regress runaway train More contromore riskdevastation Individualism and Sociology Became a think during European enlightenment 18th cent John Locke quotYou shouldn39t care what other people say or thinkquot 0 except you should We want to be individuals but we also need to belong We think we re different but we aren39t really Facilitates misrecognition or scalar disjuncture o Scalar Disjuncture we think we experience things individually but we live in a social world where we39re in uenced by everything else Historical economic and cultural forces that operate on scales of time space consciousness that escape the scope of individual awareness People care more when issues are on a more personal issue 0 Care about a local polluted stream 0 Don t care about climate change 98 Why Do We Need to Justify Things 0 Without justi cation why bother believing Discrepancy between Facts and Norms Gender pay gap example 0 Fact actual data supported real Norms what people and society believe about the situation Con ictcritical Marx the world is a struggle between groups over scarce resources Verstehen Understanding a society the way they understand themselves 0 Religious bomber doing good vs terrorist Ethnocentrism Thinking your own culture is superior or quotin the centerquot 0 Calling the USA America example Cultural Relativism Examine a culture by looking at it through their eyes 910 Variables Changes Measureable Interdependent Concept v Construct Concept label attached to something tangible Construct description of nonobservable things 0 Ex Happiness love anger What is Science 0 An attempt to unbiasedly explain through observation and replication 0 Control holding constant some variable constant to isolate the impact of your IND variable of interest 0 What are you really testing 0 Null hypothesis disproving the opposite of what you want to support 917 Variable Relationships Things can be varied different ways Education drives income Income can drive education SAT scores To establish a relationship between education and income we would need to control for Work ethic 4 Student employed 7 School quality 3 Family structure 6 Parental values on education 2 000000 Intelligence 5 0 Level of parental education 1 Quantitative vs Qualitative research 0 Quantitative broad sweeping generalizations Inference and generalization quotThick Descriptionquot 0 qualitative substantive description that can t really be generalized Do not assume that science cannot fully explain the world 50 of variance can be explained with Sociology R2 but doesn t really get higher than that Conceptual De nition vs Operational De nition 0 Parental Education Conceptual how much education they have and how good that education was what they studied Operationaldegrees obtained 0 Parental Values Conceptual Operational 0 School Quality Conceptualhow well students are educated and prepared for rst year of college Operational student college acceptance rates university graduation rate HS graduation rate student success in rst year of college
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